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A SEMINAR ON

ABRASIVE WATERJET MACHINING

CONTENTS
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Introduction to AWJM AWJM Machine Mixing Suspension jet Catcher Mechanism of material removal Specifications of different water jet cutting machines 8. Applications 9. Environmental issues and future 10. Advantages of AWJM 11. Conclusion 12. References

INTRODUCTION

MACHINE

SPESIFICATIONS OF DIFFERENT WTCM


Abrasive garnet for water jet cutting High Performance Abrasive Garnet for WaterjetUS$195/ton Cutters > 95% purity, hardness > 7.0 FOB China US$295/ton FOB 20 ton (44,000 pound) minimum order High Pressure Waterjet Pump Sub-System High pressure water jet pump 55kpsi, 50HP 37kw, 3 phase 3.2L/min (0.9Gal/min) flow rate Starting at US$19,500

Water jet intensifier pump Fully Assembled Cutting Head with on/off valve Fully assembled cutting head

Starting at US$8,500 Starting at US$800

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High pressure waterjet intensifer parts: ceramic plungers high/low pressure cylinders high/low pressure seal kit End bell check valve Assembly Hydraulic Piston manifold shift valve

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APPLICATIONS OF AWJM
Paint removal Cleaning Cutting soft materials Cutting frozen meat Textile, leather industry Peening Pocket milling Drilling turning

ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES AND FUTURE


Environmental issues related to AWJM are

Water recycling

Spent water disposal

Chip recovery Abrasive recovery and reuse

ADVANTAGES OF AWJM
AWJM process maintains tight tolerances and

produces parts quickly. AWJM produces no heat affected zone. Clean edges are produce. Up to 40 plies can be cut. Computer controlled. Generates no dust.

DISADVANTAGES OF AWJM
Slight moisture pick up can takes place. Abrasives cannot be reused. Material removal rate is very low.

PARAMETERS AFFECTING CUTTING PERFORAMANCE OF THE AWJM


Waterjet nozzle diameter. Supply pressure. Abrasive parameters. Abrasive material. Stand off distance. Impingement angle. Depth of cut.

CONCLUSION
Abrasive Water jet Machining has led to water jets cold-

cutting and unidirectional (not sensitive to the cutting direction) capabilities that have made it especially well suited to meet the challenges associated with cutting unusual shapes of exotic and heat-sensitive materials. Many machine components formerly made with conventional machining techniques now can be made more easily and cost effectively with this technique. The industry enjoys a reduction in replacement tooling costs, because more precision cutting is shifted to the water jet and less is being cut with the carbide cutting tools, the tooling experiences less wear. Water jets are suitable for cutting high-strength materials into intricate shapes because relatively high cutting rates can be achieved. The same water jet tool can be used on a variety of these materials simply by changing the cutting rate. Thus this process can be widely used for fabrication of a large variety of components cost effectively and efficiently.

REFERANCES
[1]. Modern Machining Processes by PANDEY and SHAN, TATA McGraw Hill 2000 [2]. Elements of Workshop Technology vol.2: Machine tools by S. K. HAJRA CHOUDHARY,A. K. HAJRA CHOUDHARY, NIRJHAR ROY, Media Promoters and Publishers. [3]. www.howstuffworks.com [4]. www.thefabricator.com [5]. www.thomasnet.com [6]. www.omax.com