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A SEMINAR ON BUMPERTESTING

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By: KARTHIK.P.V 11MS04 M.E-AUTOMOTIVE ENGINEERING


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BUMPER
A bumper is a shield made of steel,

aluminum, rubber, or plastic that is mounted on the front and rear of a passenger car.

When a low speed collision occurs, the

bumper system absorbs the shock to prevent or reduce damage to the car. Some bumpers use energy absorbers or brackets and others are made with a foam cushioning material.
The car bumper is designed to prevent or

reduce physical damage to the front and 3/14/12 rear ends of passenger motor vehicles in

It is not a safety feature intended to

prevent or mitigate injury severity to occupants in the passenger cars. trunk, grille, fuel, exhaust and cooling system as well as safety related equipment such as parking lights, headlamps and taillights in low speed collisions.

Bumpers are designed to protect the hood,

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BUMPER

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GOOD BUMPER
Attributes of a good bumper system: 1. Geometry, 2. Stability 3. Energy absorption . Bumpers on colliding vehicles should line

up geometrically so that they engage each other during a low-speed crash to absorb crash energy.

. . The bumpers should overlap each other

enough to account for variations in ride 3/14/12 height and preimpact braking, which can

Bumpers should stay engaged with the

other bumpers in collisions instead of overriding or underriding them, which often results in damage to vehicle grilles, headlights, hoods, fenders, and trunks energy-absorbing capabilities to confine damage to the bumper system itself

Bumpers also should have sufficient

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TYPE OF TEST
1. 1.Fixed collision barrier test 2. Pendulum Test

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FIXED COLLISION BARRIER TEST


It contains a back stop and a Barrier over

which the vehicle is collided over.

Specifications: Nominal Ride Height:10mm Fuel tank Capacity: at least 90% filled Relevant Vertical Arrangement: <75mm

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FIXED COLLISION BARRIER TEST

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BARRIER SETUP DIMENSIONS

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BEAM HEIGHT MEASUREMENT

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BUMPER PARAMETERS

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OBSERVATIONS

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PENDULUM TEST
Specifications: Length of Pendulum Rod:3.5m Pendulum Mass: 8 kg steps from 700kg-3.5

ton
Impact Speed:16 kmph

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SPECIFICATIONS
Technical data: For crash repair

tests impact 16 km/h possible

Adjustable speeds up to impact pendulum rods

(approx. 3.5 m) for the variation

(AZT, IIHS etc.) of pendulum impact heights Laser triangulation measuring between 400 mm and 510 mm device for distance measurement Variable pendulum mass up to 400 mm) (700 kg to 3.5 t in 8 kg-steps) Digital high-speed video cameras with up to 2000 fps
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