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SEMINAR ON

QUANTUM COMPUTERS

BY
Abhishek Mittal
ROLL NO. 03
INTRODUCTION

 Imagine a machine that could do


calculations about a billion times faster
than today’s silicon computers.

 Imagineone that would be as many times


more efficient

 Imagineone that would bring in a whole


new era of technological advancement
and computing power
STOP IMAGINING !!!
It’s called a Quantum Computers
and it’s the future of
computing.

• It promises to revolutionize the


world.
• Diseases once thought incurable
can be
cured.
• Encryption methods thought to
be un-

crackable can be cracked.


• Simulations of real world
Is this a sudden
emergence of a new
radical system ???
 Well,it
uses a totally
new
principle of
physics
and goes
away from
classical
mechanics
into the
realm of
quantum physics .
What is Quantum Computer ???

 Device based on quantum mechanics.

 Fundamental unit of information is


Quantum bit or Qubit.
About Qubits
 Exists
as a ‘0’, a ‘1’ or simultaneously as a
superposition of both ‘0’ & ‘1’ with a
numerical coefficient representing the
probability for each state
FEATURES !!!

Quantum Computing
Parallelism

Quantum Cryptography
Quantum Computing Parallelism
The most exciting feature of
quantum computing is quantum
parallelism.

Parallelismallows a quantum
computer to work on a million
computation at once.
Quantum Cryptography
Is the quantum
computer that much
faster ???
Ina classical computer register with
N bits can represent 2N numbers but
only one at a time .

 In a quantum computer register of N


qubit can represent a superposition
of 2N numbers simultaneously.

Eg: In 100 qubit we can represent a


superposition of 2100 ~ 1030
numbers at the same time .
How does it Work ???
A quantum computer uses molecules and
atoms to do the computations required.

 UsingNuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR)


techniques, scientists nowadays can
manipulate the spin of an atom.
USES !!!
Encryption technology

 Molecular and real world


simulations

Ultra
secure and error free
communication.
RSA Encryption technology
 It would take the fastest computer of today, a
lifetime to figure out the original message.

 However, this ‘super secret unbreakable ultra


secure’ method of encryption can be cracked
by a quantum computer in just a year or less.

 Thus government agencies are once again


trying hard to make new encryption methods,
this time using quantum computers because
of their computational speed.
Molecular and Real World Simulations

 Themajor thing hampering our


research into cures for disease like
cancer is the low speed of today’s
computers .

 Computers today cannot generate truly


random numbers nor do they have the
speed or computing capability to make
these simulations.
 Quantum computers on the other hand
can generate numbers that are truly
random and they do have the speed
and computing power to simulate the
real world as well as things like
molecules

 Thiswill go a long way in curing


diseases, predicting weather cycles
and disasters like earthquakes or
volcanoes, thus ushering in a new age
of healthcare as well as science
Ultra secure and error free
communications

I feel that this use of quantum


computers and technology will help the
common man the most.

 Ituses a new and rather unexplained


phenomenon called quantum
teleportation.
Quantum Teleportation
 Thus we can send information to far away
places without physically being connected.

 Of course, a lot more research will have to


be done in the field, but it has the potential to
revolutionize communications.

 We might have a quantum internet over


invisible media and information downloading
time will be a thing of the past.

 It will save costs of setting up networks.


So, what do I foresee in the year
2020 and beyond ???
(Predictions & Conclusion)
FIRST GLANCE !!!
 The world would be a much better place to
live in.

 Healthcare
would be so developed that
diseases would be a thing of the past.

 We would be able to predict earthquakes,


floods and volcanoes.

 Top secret documents pertaining to national


policy, military information and other
‘irrelevant’ information about political
‘dealings’ would all be totally secure using
encryption methods.
SECOND GLANCE !!!
 Keeping the problems faced in mind, I feel
that quantum computers might only change
one part of computing as we know it.

 Mainframes and supercomputers in large


organizations, universities and government
institutions might be the only ones that are
changed.

 Personal computing might encounter


another revolution that would take away the
need for quantum computers in our homes;
or we might use a simplified version of a
quantum computer at home.
References
 http://tph.tuwien.ac.at/~oemer/qcl.html
(Programming Language for Quantum
Computers
 http://www.carolla.com/quantum/QuantumCo
mputers.htm (Basic Information)
 http://www.cs.caltech.edu/~westside/quantu
m-intro.html (Basic Information)
 http://www.wpi.edu/Academics/Depts/Chemistry/C
(NMR)
 http://www.theory.caltech.edu/~quic/errors.ht
ml (Decoherence and error correction)
 http://www.research.ibm.com/quantuminfo/te
THANK YOU !!!