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‡ Country of over 141 million people.

‡ Federal system of government with


autonomous Provinces

‡ Four administrative Units: NWFP, Punjab,


Sindh and Balochistan

‡ Management of Irrigation System- a


predominantly provincial subject

‡ National coordination responsibility with the


Indus River System Authority (IRSA).
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‡ Deteriorating institutional capacities of key water sector
institutions,

‡ Low water efficiency, which is only about 30-35%

‡ Wasteful on-farm water use arising from over-watering, poorly


leveled fields and inefficient cultural practices

‡ Water logging and salinity in more than 30% of the area,

‡ water quality problems

‡ Low maintenance Budget, Poor maintenance and low water rates

‡ Absence of Farmer / user participation in the planning,


development & maintenance of the irrigation system.
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‡ PIDAs: To maintain barrages and Trunk


Drains

‡ AWBs: To maintain Main & Branch Canals and


to maintain Drains

‡ FOs: To own, maintain tertiary


(distributaries / minor) canals and On-Farm
Drainage system and collect water charges.

‡ Management transfer to Farmers.


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= barrages

‡ 14 main canals

‡ 1,446 distributaries

‡ 45,000 water courses


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‡ Discharges above the designed values in


Canals
‡ Un-Planned De-silting
‡ Deferred Maintenance
‡ Lack of water resources planning and
management
‡ Direct outlets from Main Canals.
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‡ SIDA established in 1998

‡ 1st AWB established in1999

‡ 2nd and 3rd AWB established in 2001

‡ Objective to establish SIDA: Transformation


of IPD.
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ow does its System


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‡ Continued Xovt. commitment & support to reforms


‡ Un-interrupted management transfer from IPD to
autonomous entities (SIDA, AWBs, FOs)
‡ Ensured individual autonomy of each institution
through SWMO -2002
‡ Strengthening of SIDA through key staffing and
deployment of reforms and management consultants
‡ Enhanced representation of farmers in management
Boards of SIDA & AWB
‡ Contracting out Formation of FOs in all AWB areas
‡ Enhanced awareness and capacity building services
and Training to new born institutions, mainly FOs
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‡ Farmers empowerment

‡ Access to Policy and decision making


forums (SIDA Board)

‡ More than 100,000 farmers


mobilized/taken part in FO formation


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‡ Survey of Chairmen of 163 FOs shows


that:
² 43% FO Chairmen are from Tail
² 31% from Mid
² 26% from ead
² 7% hold land up to 7 ha
² 31% between 8 ² 20 ha
² 19% between 21- 40 ha
² 41% above 40 ha

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² Make IPD see reform as an opportunity

² Strengthen AWBs

² Make FOs succeed



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‡ Xradual transfer of Irrigation and Drainage
Circles and announcement of new AWBs over
7 ² 10 year period (moderate scenario)

‡ Improving business processes in AWBs with


three year support programme

‡ Staff Transfer from IPD to AWBs.

‡ Promote staff adjustment through a voluntary


golden hand shake.

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‡ SIDA, AWBs and FOs to be fully empowered
to utilize and commercially exploit the assets
under their control

‡ Address all unauthorised withdrawls and


improve governance.

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‡ Awareness and information campaign directed


at IPD staff, staff in new AWBs and farmer
lobby groups.

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‡ Programme of establishing FOs through social contractors

‡ Xive space to spontaneous development of FOs or FO


development by local organizations

‡ FOs to be established on all distributaries and minors,


while mergers may take place later

‡ Follow up Training and Support Facilities for FOs ² the use


of well-functioning FOs as resource centres

‡ Strengthening FO Councils for service mediation and


advocacy

‡ Sanctioned DO·s to be managed by AWB initially, but to


subsequently move to the combination of several DO·s in
unified FOs, supported by development of new
distributaries and minors
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Nara Canal 166
Left Bank 105
Xhotki 94
Beghari Sindh 
Dadu/ Rice Canal 
Desert Pat Feeder 
North West '
Rohri '
Kalri Baghar 
Pinyari 
Khairpur Feeder West 
Khairpur Feeder East 
Direct Outlet FOs 
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