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˜ Feudal Centuries-Five Main Periods
˜ Kamakura Period (1185-1333)
˜ Muromachi Period (1333-1576)
˜ Momoyama Period (1576-1600)
˜ Christian Century (1543-1640)
˜ Tokugawa Period (1600-1867)
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˜ Modern History and It¶s Applications to
Business
˜ Emperor Meiji-Westernization and
Industrialization (1867)
˜ WWII
˜ Recovery Program and Success of the
Japanese Economy
˜ Economic Stagnation, Corruption, the Asia
Crisis
› 

˜ Japan is a constitutional monarchy where the power of


the Emperor is very limited. As a ceremonial
figurehead, he is defined by the constitution as "the
symbol of the state and of the unity of the people".
Power is held chiefly by the Prime Minister of Japan
and other elected members of the Diet, while
sovereignty is vested in the Japanese people. The
Emperor effectively acts as the head of state on
diplomatic occasions. Akihito is the current Emperor of
Japan. Naruhito, Crown Prince of Japan, stands as next
in line to the throne.
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˜ Handshake
˜ Traditional bow
˜ Business Cards
˜ Say ³How do you do?´, not ³Hello´
˜ Use Last names, plus  
˜ Corporate titles and ranks are very
important
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Japan as a country has a past with its styles
in its own tradition, in clothing, building
and foods.
-Clothing:
Japanese people used their traditional
clothing in the past, now they wear it just
in special occasions.
e.g. Yukata ³for men´, Kimono ³for
women´, Zori ³sandals´ etc.
   
 
-Nigiri: small rice with fish.
-Gunkan: small cups made of sushi.
-Norimaki: sushi rice with seafood.

Japanese people are famous by their


healthy food which has great effects on
their everyday life, it makes them more
active and creative.
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Festivals in Japan are occasions to
celebrate with families and to wear
traditional styles of clothing. They are an
important part of life in Japan and can be
enjoyed in cities and towns throughout
the country.
e.g.
-  
   
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 .
- p    Japanese doll festival.
Japanese Festivals are colorful
celebrations that reflect the countries
ancient religious beliefs, this
celebration for girls. people believed the
dolls possessed the power to conceal
bad spirits in their bodies and will save
the owner from dangerous encounters.


   Traditional festival
day in Japan for children
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)1)234&&-
˜ GDP
-0.5% 3rd quarter
+0.8% 4th quarter
˜ Business investment for 4th quarter 2000 posted
its biggest gain in almost 4 years
˜ Net export: -0.3% in 4th quarter
˜ Debt projected to reach 666 trillion yen ($5.6
trillion) which is approximately 130% of GDP
˜ In February, S&P cut Japan¶s debt rating from
AAA to AA+
)1)234&&-
˜ BOJ (Bank of Japan) set short-term
borrowing rates to 0.15% from 0.25%
˜ BOJ made official statement on changing
policy: targeting money supply instead of
targeting interest rates.
˜ April 2: Japanese Yen falls to its lowest
level in 2.5 years.
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˜ Japan is archipelago, or a chain of islands
˜ It is a small country , about the size of montana, but
rank 7th in the total population of 127,000,000
people.
˜ Tokyo is the capital city
˜ Excellent fishing waters, key resource
˜ Lacks many key natural resources, especially
minerals and metals which means japan relies
heavily on trade
˜ Very mountains, little productive farmland
˜ Located on the ring of fire, japan experiences many
earthquakes.
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