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The gifted learners are referred to

as learners with higher abilities in any


area or field of discipline. They show
advance performing ability from what is
being expected of them to do. This kind
of learners pose a unique challenges to
teachers.
Giftedness is a combination of
factors in varying degrees and amounts
(Fredericks, stated in 2005). He added
that gifted learners have the following
signs:
 Has a high level of curiosity
 Has well-developed imagination
 Often gives uncommon responses in
common queries
 Can remember and retain a great deal
information
 Can pose original solution to common
problems and also pose original
problems, too
 Has the ability to concentrate on a
problem or issue for extended periods
of time
 Capable of comprehending complex
concepts
 Often an independent learner
 Well organized
 Are fall of questions and also full of
answers
Teaching gifted children is
difficult task and challenging on the
part of the teacher not only in the
preparation of their instructional
needs, but also in the solution of
learning activities. It entails a lot of
creativity and attractiveness.
Fredericks (2005) suggested
some instructional strategies that
teachers should keep in mind in
teaching gifted children, which are the
following:
 Allow gifted students to design and
follow through a self-imitated
projects. Have them pursue
questions of their own choosing.
 Provide gifted students with lots of
open-ended activities, activities of
which there are no right or wrong
answer or any preconceived
motions.
 Keep the emphasis on divergent
thinking-helping children focus on
many possibilities rather than any
set of predetermined answers.
 Provide opportunities for gifted
youngsters to engage in active
problem-solving. Be sure the
problems assigned are not those for
which you have already established
appropriate answers but rather
those that will allow gifted students
to arrive at their own conclusion.
 Encourage gifted students to take
on leadership roles that enchance
portions of the classroom program.
(note: gifted students are often
socially immature).
 Provide numerous opportunities for
gifted students to lead extensively
about subjects that interest them.

 Provide numerous long-term and


exteded activities that allow gifted
students the opportunity to engage
in a learning project over an
extended period of time.
Gifted kids are a unique and
challenging group for teachers and
parents. Parents and teachers of gifted
children have few guidelines about how
to deal with issues resulting from the
children’s giftedness. The following
suggestions will help develop a classroom
environment that will challenge and
nurture gifted learners.
 Independent Projects
 Academic Competition
 Vertical Enrichment
 Try New Approach
 Use Bloom’s Taxonomy
 Multiple Intelligences
A learning disability is a reduced
intellectual ability and difficulty with
everyday activities – for example
household task, or socializing – which
affects someone for their whole life.

Below is a list of some common


indicators of students with learning
disabilities:
 Has a poor auditory memory-both
short term and long term
 Has a low tolerance level and high
frustration level
 Has a weak or poor self-steem
 Is easily distractible
 Find it difficult, if not imposible to
stay on task for extended period of
time.
 Is spontaneous in self-expression,
often cannot control emotions.
 Has some difficulty in working with
others in small or large group
setting
 Is verbally demanding and easily
confused with goals
 Has difficulty in following
complicated direction or
remembering directions for
extended done period of time
 Has coordination problem with both
large and small muscles group
 Has poor handwriting skills and poor
concept of time
The National Center for Learning
Disabilities listed some words
commonly assorted with learning
disabilities:
 DYSLEXIA – Primarily used to
describe difficulty with language
processing and its impact or reading
writing, and spelling.
 DYSGRAPHIA – Involves difficulty
with writing. Problems might be
seen in the actual motor patterns
used in writing. Also characterizes
differently with spelling and
formulation of written composition.
 DYSCALCULIA – Involves difficulty
with math. Skills and math
computation, memory of math,
facts, concepts of time, money and
musical concepts can also be
included.
 DYSPRAXIA – Difficulty with motor
planning and imparts upon a
person’s ability to coordinate
appropriate body movements.

 AUDITORY DISCRIMINATION –
Key component of efficient language
use and is necessary to “break the
code” for reading: it involves being
able to perceive the differences
between speech sounds, and to
sequence these sounds into
meaningful words.
 VISUAL PERCEPTION – Critical to
the reading and wring process as it
addresses the ability to notice
important details and assign
meaning to what is seen.
 ATTENTION DEFICIT
HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER
(ADHD) – May occur with learning
disabilities. Features can include
marked over-acting, distractibility
and or impulsivity which in turn can
interfere with an individual’s
availability to benefit from
instruction.