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Buddhist Parks

Presented By :
Anshita Kandhari
Khyati Singh
Harishita Gupta
Introduction:

The story of Buddhism might be said to have begun with a loss of


innocence.
Siddhartha Gautama, a young prince of the Shakhya clan in India, had
been raised in a life of royal ease, shielded from the misery and
cruelties of the world outside the palace gates, distracted by sensual
pleasures and luxurious living.
There in his own kingdom, not far from his gardens and delights, he
encountered people suffering from sickness, old age and death; prince
then undertook the great renunciation, deeply disturbed that such was
the fate of all beings.
Left his family, fortune and kingdom in pursuit of the path of liberation.
The central, profound question that burned in Gautama was this: "How
may suffering be ended?"
• The Buddha's main concern was to eliminate suffering
• To find a cure for the pain of human existence. In this respect he has
been compared to a physician, and his teaching has been compared
to a medical or psychological prescription.
TIME PERIOD
• THE BUDDHIST ARCHITECTURE BEGAN WITH THE
DEVELOPMENT OF VARIOUS SYMBOLS,
REPRESENTING ASPECTS OF THE BUDDHA’S LIFE.

• BUDDHIST ARCHITECTURE SPREAD BUDDHISM


THROUGHOUT SOUTH AND EAST ASIA.
CONCEPT

• Originated in the foothills of the


Himalayas
• Mountains came to be associated with
gods
• Mount Meru in Himalayas was
believed to be at the centre of the
world
• Buddha spoke to his followers in deer
park of sarnath and groves of bodhi
tree become important aspect
STYLE
Specific Buddhist garden ideas include the Zen-
style garden and the Mandala-style garden

•A Zen-style dry garden is a simple garden with


no unnecessary features. Often, a dry garden
consists primarily of raked, white gravel with a
few simple trees and shrubs. Plants and stones
are arranged in groups, much like islands in the
sea of gravel. The gravel is raked in patterns
around the groupings to resemble ocean waves.

•A Mandala-style garden is centered around a


sacred mountain, often represented by a large,
upright stone. Traditionally, the mountain – the
axis between earth and the heavens – is
considered the center of the universe. Visitors
stroll through the garden with the mountain
always to their right
Philosophy

His first teaching, the Four Noble Truths, follows this pattern.
First, the insight that "life is dukkha." Dukkha is variously
translated as suffering, pain, impermanence
the second noble truth teaches that the pain of life is caused by
'tanha' -- our cravings, our attachments, our selfish grasping after
pleasure and avoiding pain.
The third noble truth says a complete release pain and rebirth.
The fourth noble truth tells how to attain this liberation
ELEMENTS
• Simple and uncluttered garden promotes a feeling of calm

Statues

of buddha placed on marble slab

Garden pond

With floating lotus blooms


Lanterns

• Purpose of traditional lanterns


is not to provide light
• Lanterns were sign of worship
that honored buddha

Lotus flower

• Ability to provide beautiful


blooms
Design
It is believed that:
The Soil of the garden represents the fertile ground of Buddha's
Mind.
A Sangha (Pali for Buddhist community) is the same as
community of plants in the garden.
Dhamma (teachings of the Buddha) is the expression of wisdom
that is in the Temple - Garden.
If a garden can be regarded as a mind then:
Garden paths represent the ways to enlightenment.
The soil represents the state of our own internal Karma.
Planting of the garden represents fertile and blossoming ideas.
The changing seasons of the garden represent of the changing
moods of the mind.
Eastern tradition also suggests that the Buddha should not face
south when placed in the garden, as this is associated with Yama,
a Hindu god and judge of the dead. North is the preferred
direction when placing Buddha statues in the garden.
They should generally have
A beautiful place for sitting quietly or for
meditation.
Numerous Paths for the practice of walking
meditation.
A lotus pool containing a Buddha statue.
A place for the feeding of fish, birds or animals.
EXAMPLES
• TOTEKIKO TEMPLE
SIGIRIYA TEMPLE GARDEN
GARDEN
• IMPERIAL WAR MUSEUM
PEACE GARDEN
• MAHABODHI TEMPLE THE PEACE PAGODA
GARDEN AND PEACE
• RYOAN JI TEMPLE GARDEN GARDEN
• SIGIRIYA TEMPLE GARDEN
• THE LUMBINI GARDEN
• KAGYU SAMYE LING
MONASTERY GARDEN
• SECRET BUDDHA GARDEN
• THE PEACE PAGODA AND
PEACE GARDEN
• WENSHU MONASTERY
GARDENS

IMPERIAL WAR MUSEUM PEACE GARDEN


THE MAHABODHI TEMPLE GARDENS

• THIS TEMPLE IS BUILT AT THE ACTUAL


PLACE WHERE THE BUDDHA REACHED
ENLIGHTENMENT WHILE SITTING UNDER
THE BODHI TREE.
• ALL ACTIVITIES AT THAT TEMPLE TAKES
PLACE IN THE LARGE GARDEN
SURROUNDING THIS HUGE STONE SPIRE.
• THE GARDEN IS FULL OF TALL, SHADY
TREES AND LITTLE LAWNS.
• ALL AROUND THE MAHABODHI TEMPLE
GARDEN, PEOPLE PRACTICING WALKING
MEDITATION, DOING SO IN A CLOCKWISE
DIRECTION.
• ON EAST SIDE OF TEMPLE, GARDEN IS
HAVING A LITTLE MARBLE PLATFORM WHERE
PEOPLE CAN SIT.
• ON SOUTH SIDE, THERE IS A LARGE
RECTANGULAR POOL, IN ITS CENTRE,
LUMBINI GARDEN
• THIS IS A SITE OF BUDDHAS
BIRTH.
• THIS SITE WAS RE-DISCOVERED
IN 1896.
• IT HAS A PAVED MARGIN AND
STEPS NOW.
• GARDEN ALSO INCLUDES A
BATHING TANK WHERE THE WATER
IS BRIGHT AND CLEAR AS MIRROR.
PLANTATION Sorrowless tree

• Bodhi tree(peepal tree)

Sal tree
Ashoka tree