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Learning Competencies
• Identifiesthe various types of speech context
• Exhibits appropriate verbal and non-verbal
behavior in a given speech context
• Distinguishes types of speech style
Learning Competencies
• Identifiessocial situations in which each
speech style is appropriate to use
• Observes the appropriate language forms in
using a particular speech style
• Responds appropriately and effectively to a
speech act
•Learning Outcomes

Communicate effectively
in a variety of speech
situations
Speech
Strategies
CONTEXT

STYLE ACTS
• What do you do when you want to express your
ideas/ sentiments to a friend?
• What gathering in the school or in the community
do you usually attend?
• Is there a difference on your manner of speaking
to a friend, to a teacher or to your parents?
• What statements do you usually utter when you
are hungry?
•Thoughts to ponder…

•Why do we need to
communicate effectively
and efficiently?
Speech
Strategies
CONTEXT

STYLE ACTS
•Picture Describing
Describe the presented pictures in a detailed
form. Include how many participants are there,
include the kind of event/context and possible
statements speakers would be uttering.
•Speech Context/Situations

1. Intrapersonal

2. Interpersonal
•Intrapersonal is the
communication that
occurs in your own
mind. It is the basis
of your feelings,
biases, prejudices,
and beliefs.
•1. Intrapersonal
 “sound” of your thinking
 refers to communication with yourself
– whether you are talking to yourself
aloud or in the privacy of your own
brain.
• Interpersonal

• is
communication
with more than
one person.
intetrpesonal
Dyadic
Small group

public
•Dyadic
• This involves two persons who share the roles of sender and
receiver and is the most common form of communication.
• Examples are when you are talking to your friends, A teacher
and student discussing an assignment, A patient and a doctor
discussing a treatment, A manager and a potential employee
during an interview.
•Dyadic
Types:
1. Formal
Interview is highly but not that in-depth as a dialogue.
Dialogue usually happens during guidance counselling or a
heart – to – heart conversation to a person you trust.
2. Informal
Conversation is the most common, the most frequent and the
most popular of all dyadic communication.
Small Group
It is communication within formal or
informal groups or teams. It is group
interaction that results in decision
making, problem solving and discussion
within an organization.
• SmallGroup is communication within
formal or informal groups or teams. It is
group interaction that results in decision
making, problem solving and discussion
within an organization.
• Examples would be a group planning a
surprise birthday party for someone. A
team working together on a project.
Symposia

Parliamentary Procedure

Conference Meeting

Debate

Panel Discussion
Types:
1. Committee or Conference Meeting
Is a type of discussion that requires at least 10 to 15 persons to
meet to investigate and learn the necessary facts to be reported
to a large group or organization. This is usually done in a relaxed
and informal setting.
2. Symposia
Is a series of short speeches delivered by three to five
knowledgeable people before an audience. The speakers are
required to talk about a single subject.
3. Panel Discussions
Is a free discussion having three to eight members to discuss a topic for
the benefit of the audience. The discussants are obliged to contribute
information to be used as solutions to the problem presented.
4. Debate
Is an argument between an affirmative and a negative proposition.
5. Parliamentary Procedure
Is a standardized code of behavior addressed to especially crated
situations which are characterized by a large group of people gathered
together in a business meeting in order to achieve a specific purpose. It
is set of rules that govern the conduct of a business meeting.
Public Communication
 “a one to many” communication
 includes an audience
 has 2 characteristics:
1. unequal amount of speaking
2. limited verbal feedback
• One-to-groupcommunication involves a speaker who seeks to inform,
persuade or motivate an audience.
• Examples are a teacher and a class of students; A preacher and a
congregation; A speaker and an assembly of people in the auditorium.
• Mass communication is the
electronic or print
transmission of messages to
the general public. Outlets
called mass media include
things like radio, television,
film, and printed materials
designed to reach large
audiences.
• A television commercial. A
magazine article. Hearing a song
on the radio. Books, Newspapers,
Billboards. The key is that you are
reaching a large amount of people
without it being face to face.
Feedback is generally delayed
with mass communication.
• ACTIVITY A: QUIZ BEE (Speech Context)
Choose the correct answers from the choices and
write the letter on the blanks before each item. See
attachment no. 1
• Activity B: DIALOGUE
• Find
a partner and discuss on the profession
you want to have and the ways/or strategies
on how you will be successful in your future
career. Include nonverbal language during the
communication process. Each group will be
given 3-5 minutes to present. Follow the
given rubrics.
Always (4) Often (3) Sometimes (2) Rarely (1)
Skills
Pronounce consonants & vowels correctly
Project voice adequately
Use correct stress
Use correct intonation
Vary pitch & vocal quality
Vary force and volume
Show expression on the face
Use appropriate gestures and movements
• Activity C: Resume Writing and Cover Letter
Writing
Read the classified ads of the newspaper/ research
on job vacancies posted on job hunting sites in the
internet. Write an application letter
addressed to the manager/head of the office you
wanted to apply in. Attach your resume.
• Activity C: Resume Writing and Cover Letter
Writing
Read the classified ads of the newspaper/ research
on job vacancies posted on job hunting sites in the
internet. Write an application letter
addressed to the manager/head of the office you
wanted to apply in. Attach your resume.
•REVIEW
• RESUME

- Summarizes professionals skills, educational attainment, work


experience
Cover Letter
- A business letter that tries to introduce the other documents
• Activity:
INTERVIEW
Answer properly the questions asked by the
teacher following the conventions on job
interviews.
Needs
CARRIAGE Very Satisfactory Satisfactory Improvement

Shows confidence & self -control

Stance is relaxed & projects confidence


QUESTION & ANSWER Excellent Very Satisfactory Satisfactory
student show a very good command of the
language

answers were objective & reasonable


answers shows a variety of
experiences/exposure
Answers project a positive attitude
towards work
ATTIRE & ACCESSORIES Appropriate Not Appropriate

Coat, blouse & slacks/skirt match perfectly


Accessories accentuate the coat &
slacks
TYPES OF SPEECH STYLE
1. Intimate
Is the language used by very close friends and lovers. It is usually
private and often requires significant amount of shared history,
knowledge and experience.
2. Casual
Language that is used in conversation with friends. Word choice is
general and conversation is dependent upon nonverbal assists,
significant background knowledge ,and shared information.
TYPES OF SPEECH STYLE
3. Consultative
It is the opposite of the intimate style because this style is used precisely
among people who do not share common experiences or meaning. This does
not preclude disclosure of background information late in order to become
the basis of shared meaning.
4. Formal
It is used only for imparting information. The speech is well organized and
correct in grammar and diction.
5. Frozen
It s a formal style whose quality is static, ritualistic, and may even be archaic
• Activity A: PHOTO COLLAGE (Speech Style)
• Cut pictures from different magazines, newspapers,
etc. that will reflect your life activities starting from
childhood to old age.
Activity B: COLLAGE PRESENTATION
Present your photo collage in class.
Distinguish the types of speech style
reflected by the pictures you have
included. Be guided by the given rubrics.
• Activity C: COMPLETING THE CHART
Identify social situations in which each speech style is
appropriate to use.
KINDS OF SPEECH STYLE SOCIAL SITUATIONS
1.INTIMATE
1.CASUAL
1.CONSULTATIVE
1.FORMAL
1.FROZEN
SPEECH ACTS
Andrew D. Cohen
•SPEECH ACT
• Speech Act is a functional unit in
communication. (Austin’s theory 1962)
• Furthermore, to communicate is to express a
certain attitude, and the type of speech act
being performed corresponds to the type of
attitude being expressed. (Bach 1994)
• Asan act of communication, a speech act succeeds if the audience
identifies, in accordance with the speaker’s intention, the attitude
being expressed.

• Some speech acts, are not primarily acts of communication but of


affecting institutional states of affairs. (Bach 1994)
•Austin’s Levels of Action

 1. Locutionary: Meaning, namely, the literal


meaning of the utterance.
 2. Illocutionary: Is related to the social function
that the utterance or the written text has.
 3. Perlocutionary: Is the result or effect that is
produced by the utterance in the given context.
 Suppose that a bartender utters the words: “The
bar will be closed in 5 min”.
1. Locutionary: Saying that the bar will be closed in 5
Act of saying
min.
2. Illocutionary: The act of informing the customers of
the bar’s imminent closing and perhaps also the act of
urging them to order a last drink. Function: Info-persuasion
3. Perlocutionary: The bartender intends to be
performing this act by causing the customers to believe
Final
orders! the bar is about to close, and of getting them to want
and to order one last drink. Effect
•Here is Searle's classification for types of illocutions:
• Representative: an illocutionary act that represents a state of affairs.
E.g. stating, claiming, hypothesizing, describing, telling, insisting,
suggesting, asserting, or swearing that something is the case
• Directive: an illocutionary act for getting the addressee to do
something.
E.g. ordering, commanding, daring, defying, challenging
• Commissive: an illocutionary act for getting the speaker (i.e. the one
performing the speech act) to do something.
E.g. promising, threatening, intending, vowing to do or to refrain from
doing something
•Here is Searle's classification for types of illocutions:
• Expressive: an illocutionary act that expresses the mental
state of the speaker about an event presumed to be true..
E.g. congratulating, thanking, deploring, condoling,
welcoming, apologizing
• Declaration: an illocutionary act that brings into existence the
state of affairs to which it refers.
E.g. blessing, firing, baptizing, bidding, passing sentence,
excommunicating

•ACTIVITY A: QUIZ BEE
Assign the italicized verbs of the following sentences to
one of the five categories. (A: Representatives; B:
Declaratives; C: Directives; D: Commissives;
E: Expressives)
MOVIE CLIP VIEWING
Watch the movie clip and identify
the possible meaning of the
statements uttered the by the
characters.
Activity: Prompters : Write the possible feedback that you will
be doing/saying based from the given prompters.

Prompter 1: Context: Windows are open.


Characters: Friends
Statement: “It is cold here.”
Possible Feedback(s)/Answer(s)/Effect(s):
Prompter 2: Context: Woman stands at the front of the TV
Characters: Family Members
Statement: “You have a very nice back.”
Possible Feedback(s)/Answer(s) /Effect(s):
Prompter 3: Context: Dormitory
Characters: Dormitorians
Statement: “Fire!”
Possible Feedback(s)/Answer(s) /Effect(s):
COM-COM FESTIVAL
General Instruction: Demonstrate effective use of
communicative strategies in a variety of speech
situations. Simulate an event following the speech
context assigned to you. Observe appropriate language
forms in using a particular speech style in the given
speech contexts. Be guided by the given rubrics.
Group 1: Committee or Conference Meeting
Instruction: Assume the roles of company employees. Identify
who would be the CEO, manager, board secretary, members,
etc. Discuss issues in the company regarding employee’s
welfare.
Group 2: Symposium on Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Instruction: Assume the roles of a Doctor, Police, or other
professionals who are directly involved in the said topic. Deliver
your speeches/your stand in relation to your involvement.
Group 3: Panel Discussion
Instruction: Discuss solutions to the problem: Dumping Site of Garbage
Group 4: Debate
Instruction: Present your stand on the subject: Banaueans: Tuwali or
Ayangan using any kind of debate style.
Group 5: Parliamentary Procedure
Instruction: Assume roles that you will be having in your own
community. You may act as the barangay captain, barangay councilor,
barangay police, community member to discuss solution to Solid Waste
Management. Use parliamentary procedure in conducting the meeting.
•Final Activity:

Evaluate the presentation of your


group mates. Be guided by the
given rubrics on the different
speech contexts. Include positive
and constructive criticisms.
By:
Lalaine Hangdaan
Clarissa Puhi
Epifania Ti-coan