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Discussion Text

Afrand Aulia Mattulada


Annisa Alamanda
Cecilia Amanda Ropelemba
Dandy Putra Surya
Livia Trijunita Sari
Rahma Fauza

XII IPA 5
What is Discussion Text?

Discussion is a process to find common ground


between two thoughts, ideas or opinions
different. And discussion of text can be defined as
a text that contains a discourse that is
problematic. Problematic discourse is a discourse
which has two camps between the pros and cons
of the issue or between supporters and
opponents of the issue. Problems presented in
the discussion text will be discussed by the two
viewpoints, which in turn can be concluded or
recommendation.
Purpose of Discussion Text

To present an issue or issues to


be reviewed at least from two
points of view, before arriving
at a conclusion or
recommendation.
Generic Structure of Discussion Text
• In the discussion text, there are four generic structure that is visible from the main idea in
each paragraph of the discussion text. Here are the 4 structures of discussion text, namely:

1. Issue
Issue is located in the first paragraph that contains the placement of the problem or issue
to be discussed.

2. Supporting Points
In this section, the author presents arguments in favor of issues. Supporting Point in each
paragraph consists of two components which are the main idea of ​a paragraph and the
elaboration or explanation of the main idea of ​the paragraph.

3. Contrasting Points
In this section, the author presents arguments against the issue or problem. As in
paragraph Supporting Point, Contrasting Points also presents two main idea-forming
components that paragraph and elaboration or explanation ari main idea of ​the paragraph.

4. Conclunlusion or Recommendation
In this section the author presents conclusions or it could be recommended to the issue or
issues that have been discussed above.
Characteristic of Discussion Text
• There is a hot issue to be discussed. For
example: The Advantage and Disadvantage of
Nuclear Power
• There are pro and contra to the opinion hot
issues presented.
• There are suggestions and conclusions of the
authors at the end of the text.
• Grammar using the Present Tense.
Example of Discussion Text

• The Advantage and Disadvantage of Nuclear Power



(Issue)
• Nuclear power is a kind power supply that is generated by using uranium which is a metal mined in various part of the
world. Nuclear power becomes the answer to produce clean and efficient energy that will make this world better.
However, not all people agree with that. Some of them believe that nuclear power supply is dangerous. Pro-contra of
building nuclear power supply becomes a major topic to discuss among society.

(Supporting Points)
• Nuclear power produces around 11% of the world's energy needed, and produces huge amounts of energy. It cause no
pollution as we would get when burning fossil fuels. The advantages of nuclear plant are as follow:

It does not produce smoke or carbon dioxide, so it does not contribute to the greenhouse effect.
• It produces huge amounts of energy from small amount of uranium.
• It produces small amount of waste.
• It is reliable.

(Contrasting Points)
• On the other hand, nuclear power is very, very dangerous. If the nuclear power supply is leak off or blow up, the
radiation can bring harm to any living being surrounding. Nuclear radiation is deadly which can make people physically
defect. It must be sealed up and buried for many years to allow the radioactivity to die away. Furthermore, although it is
reliable, a lot of money has to be spent on safety because if it does go wrong, a nuclear accident ca be a major accident.

(Conclusion or Recommendation)
• Nuclear power is a better alternative energy supply to replace fossil fuels energy supply. However, nuclear power is also
dangerous if it is not built properly. In conclusion, nuclear power is the best answer to fulfill our needs of clean and
efficient energy which is sustainable in the future. Government should make careful constructions and good maintains
to make nuclear power save.