0 views

Uploaded by Naar Wrathsglare

This presentation is reviews of CFD predictions and benchmark developed in the past 12 years by AGRAD

- Numerical Investigation of Buoyancy-Driven Cavity with Different Mediums
- ME 651 Course Description
- ME320.1
- End Semester Question Paper With Model Solution
- 6
- Transition for Regular to Mach Reflection
- 1521-4001-28200010-2980-3A10-3C665-3A-3Aaid-zamm665-3E3.0.co-3B2-z.pdf
- Magneto-Hydrodynamics Analysis of Free Convection Flow between Two Horizontal Parallel Infinite Plates Subjected to Constant Heat Flux
- Civil_Syllabus and Scheme 5th Sem.pdf
- mech auto
- Approximate Solution of the MHD Boundary Layer Flow Pasta Moving Continuous Flat Surface using Quartic Spline
- Fluid Mechanics.pdf
- Aerodynamics II Notes
- Main One Vol.2 Issue 2
- Syllabus B.tech Jjtu
- Nonlinear Adaptive Flight Control of a Hyper Sonic Vehicle_2
- Flow Modification over Rotor Blade with Suction Boundary Layer Control Technique
- Nec
- fluid mechanics
- 2011 Model Tilting Pad Bearing 15196B 3

You are on page 1of 54

Doyle Knight

OHT-2

Waleed Arshad

Project Title Explanation

Predictive capabilities Estimating correctly

Aerodynamic heating Measured in Watt per meter square

hypersonic ﬂow Flow with Mach>5.0

Sequence of Presentation

• Historical Background

• Experimental Setup

• Methodologies of simulation

• Results Comparison

Historical Background

Failure of X-15 pylon

Glide

Description of Experiments

CIRA DLR of for

Technical University of

Illinois Minnesota Fluid Dynamics

Video X-15

Failures Due to Aerodynamic Heating

AGARD timeline

AGARD Methodology

• Identify validation cases for flow phenomenon.

• Benchmark results for specific cases.

• Identify inconsistency.

AGRAD Background

Plug Nozzles Hypersonic CFD

Scramjet Propulsion

Laminar hypersonic flows

Viscous-inviscid interactions

2D compression corner

Expansion Compression Corner

2 D shock impingement

3 D single fin

3 D double fin

Aerospace Research and Development

AGARD timeline

Mach Geometry Objective Methodology

1. Single ﬁn

2. Double ﬁn Focused on 2-D and 3-D shock wave RANS

(1992–1997) 2.9–9.9

3. Hollow cylinder laminar and turbulent boundary layer

ﬂare

2-D interactions

3 nominally 2-D shock wave turbulent

(DNS) - (LES).

boundary layer interactions (compression

1. Single ﬁn

corner, expansion-compression corner and

2. Double ﬁn 3-D interactions

(1998–2003) 2.3 - 5 shock impingement) and two 3-D

were performed

interactions

using RANS models.

1. Double cone

(2004–2008) 9-11 shock wave boundary layer interactions at LES

2. Cylinder

Mach 9–11 for two geometries

Validation Cases

GEOMETRY VALIDATION PHENOMENON

Compression Corner Shock impingement on a wall and defining criteria for boundary

layer separation

Expansion Corner Response of shockwave and boundary layer to a favorable

pressure gradient .

Single fin Swept shock and boundary layer interaction

Double fin crossing shockwave boundary layer interaction

(In Scramjets and hypersonic inlets)

Double Cone Shock-Shock interaction (Plug flow inlet)

A. Expansion Corner

Expansion Corner: Qualitative Analysis

Flow field analysis can be summarized as follows:

1. The ﬂow is accelerated through an expansion fan formed around the corner.

2. The boundary layer becomes thicker due to the decrease in density.

3. The boundary layer experiences a relaxation process after the expansion fan and exhibits

different turbulence features from the incoming equilibrium ﬂow.

4. The primary experimental observation is the increase of the boundary layer thickness. that the

induced bulk dilatation serves to increase the boundary layer thickness.

5. The reduction of turbulence is another signiﬁcant feature of this ﬂow conﬁguration. This ﬂow

conﬁguration experiences the suppression of turbulence due to the combined effects of the

favorable pressure gradient, the convex streamline curvature and the bulk dilatation. The

reduction in the turbulence may be strong enough to relaminarize the ﬂow.

6. Shear stress decreased signiﬁcantly due to a favorable pressure gradient and a bulk dilatation.

7. The experiments showed that under a favorable pressure gradient the ability of the turbulence

to transport momentum to the wall was markedly decreased, which was largely due to the

effect of the strong expansion on intermittency.

Expansion Corner: Quantative Analysis

B. Compression Corner

Compression Corner and Shock Impingement

C. Single Fin

Single Fin

Limiting Streamlines

This phenomena occur because of the 3 dimensionality effect i.e. flow coming from the

transverse direction.

Following is the criteria for limiting streamlines:

developed.

Velocity vectors in streamlines rotate and hence the boundary layer gets “skewed”.

2. Velocity vectors and skin friction vectors become in one direction on the surface of the body

3. Now the streamlines tend to a limiting position, which is also a trajectory of the skin friction

lines. For this reason they are called ‘‘limiting streamlines’’

4. Limiting streamlines originate at nodal points of attachment, and after circumscribing the

body surface disappear into nodal points of separation.

D.Double Fin

Double Fin: Qualitative Analysis

• Primary separation

• Vortex interaction

• Entrainment flow : Primary attachment

• Entrainment line: Secondary separation

• Centerline Vortex

Double Fin

Simulation Techniques

Big whirls have little whirls

That feed on their velocity,

And little whirls have lesser whorls

LES (Large Eddy simulation)

And so on to viscosity.

– Lewis F. Richardson, 1920

Stokes Equation)

Insight from Validation

• LES is better suited for measuring heat transfer

• RANS is between suited for average surface pressure.

2011-2014

Experimental Setup

Experimental Setup

Ball Criteria

Simulations

• Unsteady NS equations

• RANS

• Monte Carlo

Continuity

Equation

Energy Equation

CHEMKIN

JANAF

Spectroscopic Data

Relaxation Rates

JANAF tables

Park Rates

Number of collisions required

to establish vibrational equilibrium

Number of collisions to establish translational equilibrium

Result Comparison

2-D RANS simulations at steady state :

(presumed to occur due to the separated shear layer)

2D Laminar RANS

1. There are significant differences (especially in the separation region) among

the unsteady perfect gas and no equilibrium Navier-Stokes simulations for the

2.1 MJ/kg cases, despite the fact that no equilibrium effects are unimportant

for these cases and all simulations used the same initial condition.

2. There is accurate prediction (i.e., within the experimental uncertainty) of the

experimental peak heat transfer

Result Comparison (MCS)

Comparison of the 2-D and 3-D laminar Navier-Stokes and DSMC

simulations show:

1. There is a significant difference between the 2-D and 3-D (center

plane) heat transfer

2. There is no region of quasi-2-D flow in the vicinity of the center

plane.

Future Prospects

• All computations on single time domain .

• Can we compute for a complete or part of flight trajectory?

References:

1. Settles G. An experimental study of compressible turbulent boundary-layer separation at high Reynolds number. PhD thesis,

Aerospace and Mechanical Sciences Department, Princeton University, 1975.

2. Assessment of CFD Modeling Capability for Hypersonic Shock Wave Boundary Layer Interactions

3. 30 November 2015,RUTGERS UNIVERSITY Final Technical Report ONR Grant N00014-14-1-0827

4. Assessment of CFD Modeling Capability for Hypersonic Shock Wave Boundary Layer Interactions

5. 30 November 201

6. Systematics of Vibrational Relaxation Roger C. Millikan and Donald R. White

7. Rotational and Vibrational Relaxation in Diatomic Gases J. G. Parker

8. Hydrodynamic Theory of Multicomponent Diffusion and Thermal Diffusion in Multitemperature Gas Mixtures John D.

Ramshaw

9. A Viscosity Equation for Gas MixturesC. R. Wilke

10. New High-Resolution Central Schemes for Nonlinear Conservation Laws and Convection–Diffusion Equations

11. Alexander Kurganov∗ and Eitan Tadmor† ∗Department of Mathematics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109;

and†Department of Mathematics, UCLA, Los Angeles, California 90095 E-

mail:∗kurganov@math.lsa.umich.edu,†tadmor@math.ucla.edu

• They have identified six regimes for the 3-D single fin flowfield depending

on the strength of the shockwave. In Regime I, the boundary layer is

unseparated and no convergence of surface streamlines is observed. In

Regime II, the streamlines turn approximately parallel to the inviscid

shockbut do not form a line of coalescence. In Regime III, a primary

separation line (S1) forms corresponding to the coalescence of the surface

streamlines. An attachment line

• (R1) forms near the fin–plate junction. A line of secondary separation (S2)

appears located between the

• primary separation and attachment lines. In regimes IV– VI, the secondary

separation (S2) and attachment lines (R2) disappear and finally reappear.

•

- Numerical Investigation of Buoyancy-Driven Cavity with Different MediumsUploaded byismailsakr5279
- ME 651 Course DescriptionUploaded bygarg1209377
- ME320.1Uploaded byKrishna Anand
- End Semester Question Paper With Model SolutionUploaded bySwapnil Rahane
- 6Uploaded byBahadır Harmancı
- Transition for Regular to Mach ReflectionUploaded byesatjournals
- 1521-4001-28200010-2980-3A10-3C665-3A-3Aaid-zamm665-3E3.0.co-3B2-z.pdfUploaded bySrinivas Jangili
- Magneto-Hydrodynamics Analysis of Free Convection Flow between Two Horizontal Parallel Infinite Plates Subjected to Constant Heat FluxUploaded bythesij
- Civil_Syllabus and Scheme 5th Sem.pdfUploaded byTauseef
- mech autoUploaded byapi-236544093
- Approximate Solution of the MHD Boundary Layer Flow Pasta Moving Continuous Flat Surface using Quartic SplineUploaded byIJIRST
- Fluid Mechanics.pdfUploaded bySanjan KS
- Aerodynamics II NotesUploaded byAlexShear
- Main One Vol.2 Issue 2Uploaded byนพดล ประเสริฐกาญจนา
- Syllabus B.tech JjtuUploaded byraai
- Nonlinear Adaptive Flight Control of a Hyper Sonic Vehicle_2Uploaded byP_lee
- Flow Modification over Rotor Blade with Suction Boundary Layer Control TechniqueUploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- NecUploaded byNarayanan Srinivasan
- fluid mechanicsUploaded bysuman
- 2011 Model Tilting Pad Bearing 15196B 3Uploaded bymojiryhamid
- Cp_Circular_Cylinder.pdfUploaded byKunal Jain
- 19820015048Uploaded byDaniel Mora
- Applied Thermodynamics-II BTech 7th Mechanical UNIT 1Uploaded byArjumand Mehak
- Continuum Electromechanics cem_811Uploaded bykgrhoads
- Estimation of Damping Derivative of a Delta Wing with Half Sine Wave Curved Leading EdgesUploaded byInternational Organization of Scientific Research (IOSR)
- Smits Text Part1Uploaded byVanidevi Mani
- Chapter10 LectureUploaded byamir
- Me SyllabusUploaded byAbhishek Verma
- Civil III IsemUploaded bySyed Zubair
- 2017 ME422 Fluid Mechanics II Course OutlineUploaded byAsif Rahman

- Christian Nienhueser-Meshing Techniques in Asys ICEM CFD 50Uploaded byreza rohani
- 1573611054455157Uploaded byManole Monik-Alexandra
- A Study to Understand Differential Equations Applied to Aerodynamics Using CFD TechniqueUploaded byZoya Rizvi
- Stehno ThesisUploaded byJaime ALvites Barragan
- Fluid Structure Interaction Based Upon a Stabilied (ALE) Finite Element MethodUploaded byBella Tran
- A3-14(SC)01(B)Uploaded bybpd21
- Quantitative Modeling Tools of Scour and Morphological Impact Due to Large Wood Debris and Other Instream StructuresUploaded bylincol88
- CFX-Intro 14.5 L01 IntroductionUploaded byArturo Pomiano
- Application of transfer matrix method in acousticsUploaded byaruatscribd
- Bioreactor scale-upUploaded byhsiegler2
- FSAE aerodynamics - using your time wisely.pdfUploaded byAnonymous 6V6ZUZzp
- Design Optimization and CFD Analysis of Car using Active Mounting to Reduce DREG Coefficient and Reduce Lift to Sleep of Car at Higher SpeedUploaded byIRJET Journal
- Fisico y Numerico AnálisisUploaded byCarlos Macias
- Integrating Computational Fluid Dynamics and Multibody Model of an Oil Production Adapter Base for Disconnection AnalysisUploaded byGerson Luiz Brand
- Cfd Simulation of Pollutant Emission in Power Plant BoilersUploaded byRajneesh Vachaspati
- Problems and SolutionsUploaded byNaresh Joseph Christy
- A v Balakrishnan Aeroelasticity the Continuum TheoryUploaded byAlexander Ramos
- Design and Performance Analysis of B Series Propeller for Traditional Purse Seine Boat in the North Coastal Region of Central Java IndonesiaUploaded byTat-Hien Le
- nist-tn-1887-v3202-2.pdfUploaded byBegets Begets
- Dinamica de Fluidos ComputacionalUploaded byabraham
- CFD Modeling of Heat Transfer Performance of MgO-water Nanofluid Under Turbulent FlowUploaded bychoon yong loh
- 140ShipScience_Report.pdfUploaded byricky.pigazzini
- aaUploaded byJordan Bennett
- 18 ReferencesUploaded byGCVishnuKumar
- DAMS CFD ModellingUploaded byZoebair
- A Review on CFD Analysis of Drag Reduction of a Generic Sedan and HatchbackUploaded byIRJET Journal
- Flow Analysis (FLUENT) - Page 4Uploaded bySatheesh Aero
- F-16 limit cycle oscillationUploaded byAbhishek Singh
- Refinement ChopardUploaded byFabian Ricardo Vargas
- Annex d - Stw-comflow3Uploaded byLava Sat