0 views

Uploaded by Mbarouk Shaame Mbarouk

absorber

- rr310802-chemical-engineering-thermodynamics-ii
- [Phillip C. Wankat] Instructor's Solution Manual -(BookZa.org)
- ghee ghee
- Gas Absorption
- Section 19
- Executive Summary of VLE Group 4 (April 2, 2019)
- Chapter 6-Student (1)
- Assignments 2009
- Antoine Constants of Water
- Fibonacci Search for Optimal Feed Location
- chap3-2b
- ppp
- AspenPhysPropMethodsV8 8 Ref
- Documents.mx Extraction 558448d614ca8
- 101.9 VLE
- CAPP Hydrate Removal
- Basic Concepts of Thermodynamics
- sop01
- 113233_VLE
- Diplomarbeit (Antonia Ilia)

You are on page 1of 24

PACKED TOWER DIAMETER

• The main parameter affecting the size of a

packed column is the gas velocity at which liquid

droplets become entrained in the exiting gas

stream.

specified gas and liquid flow rates.

gas flow rate (m/s or ft/sec) through the column

will increase.

PACKED TOWER DIAMETER

• If the gas flow rate through the column is gradually

increased (by using smaller and smaller diameter

columns), a point will be reached where the liquid

flowing down over the packing begins to be held in

the void spaces between the packing.

and the degree of mixing between the phases

decreases.

to completely fill the void spaces in the packing.

PACKED TOWER DIAMETER

• The liquid forms a layer over the top of the packing and no

more liquid can flow down through the tower.

between the phases is minimal.

velocity at which it occurs is the flooding velocity.

this problem.

• However, as the diameter increases, the cost of the tower

increases.

Common Practice

• Size a packed column diameter to operate below

flooding velocity, i.e., at a certain percent of the

flooding velocity.

through the columns is 50 to 75% of the flooding

velocity.

gas velocity will also be below the loading point.

Common Practice

• A common and relatively simple procedure for

estimating flooding velocity (thus, setting a

minimum column diameter) is to use a

generalized flooding and pressure drop

correlation.

relationship for a packed tower is in the

Sherwood correlation, shown in Figure 3

Figure 3: Generalized flooding and

pressure drop correlation

How to use Figure 3

• The “X” axis (or abscissa) is a function of the

physical properties of the gas and liquid streams,

expressed as:

• Where:

• L and G = mass flow rates (any consistent set of

units may be used as long as the term is

dimensionless); =density of the gas stream;

density of the absorbing liquid

How to use Figure 3

• Knowing the value of the abscissa, the value of

ordinate is read from the graph based on flooding

conditions.

determined from the Equation below:

How to use figure 3

• G' = mass flow rate of gas per unit cross-sectional

area of column, kg/m2 s

• ρg = density of the gas stream (kg/m3);

• ρl = density of the absorbing liquid, (kg/m3)

• gc = gravitational constant, 9.82 m/s2

• F = packing factor

• φ = ratio of specific gravity of the scrubbing liquid

to that of water

• • μl = viscosity of liquid.

How to use figure 3

• The value of G' at operating conditions is

determined by using the equation:

usually 50 to 75%.

• The cross-sectional area and the diameter of the

tower can then be determined

How to use figure 3

• Cross sectional area is given as

Packed Tower Height

• The height of a packed column refers to the depth

of packing material needed to accomplish the

required removal efficiency.

packing height required.

be required to remove SO2 than to remove

chlorine from exhaust stream using water as the

absorbent because chlorine is more soluble in

water than SO2.

Packed Tower Height

• Determining the proper height of packing is

important since it affects both the rate and

efficiency of absorption.

required packing height are based on

diffusion principles

Design equation for a gas-phase

controlled resistance

• Where:

• Z = height of packing (m);

• G' = mass flow rate of gas per unit cross-sectional area of

• column (g/m2s);

• KOG = overall mass-transfer coefficient based on the gas

phase (g-mol/h.m2.Pa);

• a = interfacial contact area (m2);

• P = pressure of the system (kPa)

• Y* = solute concentration in gas at equilibrium.

Design equation for a gas-phase

controlled resistance

• The term (G'/KOG.a.P) has the dimension of

meters and is defined as the height of a

transfer unit.

and represents the number of transfer units

needed to make up the total packing height.

Packed Tower Height

DETERMINATION OF NUMBER OF IDEAL STAGES

diagram can also be used to determine number

of ideal stages

It is practically used when there are only two

components in each phase

Figure 17.6 shows the operating line and

equilibrium curve for a typical gas absorber

The end of operating line are point a having

coordinates and point b, having coordinates

DETERMINING NUMBER OF IDEAL STAGES

DETERMINING NUMBER OF IDEAL STAGES

• If the stage is ideal, the liquid leaving is in equilibrium with the vapor

leaving, so the point must lie on the equilibrium curve

• This fact fixes point m, found by moving horizontally from point a to the

equilibrium curve

• The abscissa of point m is

• The operating line is now used

• It passes through all points having coordinates of the type

the operating line at point n.

• The step or triangle, defined by points a, m, and n represents one ideal

stage , the first one in this column.

the same construction

DETERMINING NUMBER OF IDEAL STAGES

DETERMINING NUMBER OF IDEAL

STAGES

• From the figure shown above; number of ideal

stages is 4 and fraction

• The fraction is calculated based on the

required change in x relative to the change

that would be made in a full step

• The fraction is given as

• Similar construction can be made based on

change in y

Worked example

Equilibrium data

- rr310802-chemical-engineering-thermodynamics-iiUploaded bySRINIVASA RAO GANTA
- [Phillip C. Wankat] Instructor's Solution Manual -(BookZa.org)Uploaded byFranco Gates
- ghee gheeUploaded byBudok Mercado
- Gas AbsorptionUploaded byCrisTher Janeakiahniela Montajes Docdoc
- Section 19Uploaded byAsad Khan
- Executive Summary of VLE Group 4 (April 2, 2019)Uploaded byNanda Dwi Anggraeni
- Chapter 6-Student (1)Uploaded byAbishek Kasturi
- Assignments 2009Uploaded byshan0214
- Antoine Constants of WaterUploaded byJames Rommel Silao
- Fibonacci Search for Optimal Feed LocationUploaded byneft
- chap3-2bUploaded byAl- Dhaheri
- pppUploaded byDavid Cueto
- AspenPhysPropMethodsV8 8 RefUploaded byComisión Graduados Ingunsa
- Documents.mx Extraction 558448d614ca8Uploaded byaku2505kamu
- 101.9 VLEUploaded byMelchi Damgo
- CAPP Hydrate RemovalUploaded byAryan Ben
- Basic Concepts of ThermodynamicsUploaded byCynthia Lerner
- sop01Uploaded bychirag_parekh7620046590
- 113233_VLEUploaded byAndin
- Diplomarbeit (Antonia Ilia)Uploaded byGabriel
- M25 - Phase Equilibria.pdfUploaded byFaizal Aditya
- Modelling and Experimental Study of Wax Deposition in Transportation Line Using a Flow Loop System.pdfUploaded byAfzal Akthar
- CHE 411 Tutorial Problems T1 2.27.28Uploaded byNagwa Mansy
- 1-s2.0-0378381282800022-mainUploaded byUallisson Santos
- f4 Chapter 2&3 Strucutre qUploaded byzhen1998
- Depressuring Flow.docxUploaded byEng Alf
- Advance Thermodynamics 1Uploaded byT975
- Flash Saturation PrUploaded byMaqsood Iqbal
- Mid Term3 Review 15Uploaded byJeremy Schneider
- M25Uploaded bykaren

- Chapter 2_ Non-reacting Systems_part1Uploaded byMbarouk Shaame Mbarouk
- science tablesUploaded bysarath_kumar00
- RoschkeUploaded byMbarouk Shaame Mbarouk
- Mem Bulletin 23 WIZARA YA NISHATI NA MADINIUploaded byAsenga Abubakar
- Lecture 1.pptxUploaded byMbarouk Shaame Mbarouk
- Lecture 5Uploaded byMbarouk Shaame Mbarouk
- Lecture 8.Uploaded byMbarouk Shaame Mbarouk
- Lecture 11Uploaded byMbarouk Shaame Mbarouk
- MaelezoUploaded byMbarouk Shaame Mbarouk
- Lecture 7Uploaded byMbarouk Shaame Mbarouk
- Internship 04Uploaded byMbarouk Shaame Mbarouk
- News Bulletin 9Uploaded byMbarouk Shaame Mbarouk
- Lecture 3Uploaded byAshutosh Sharma
- Marks DistributionUploaded byMbarouk Shaame Mbarouk
- Pe 311 Lecture 1Uploaded byMbarouk Shaame Mbarouk
- 1526639089916_Marketing_Operation (1)Uploaded byMbarouk Shaame Mbarouk
- 1526639089916_Marketing_Operation (1)Uploaded byMbarouk Shaame Mbarouk
- internship_04.xlsxUploaded byMbarouk Shaame Mbarouk
- internship_04.xlsxUploaded byMbarouk Shaame Mbarouk
- Kme in Energy Systems Engineering Me in Energy Systems EngineeringUploaded byMbarouk Shaame Mbarouk
- Info.txtUploaded byMbarouk Shaame Mbarouk
- Doc1Uploaded byMbarouk Shaame Mbarouk
- 1526640418638 Pipelines OperationUploaded byMbarouk Shaame Mbarouk
- 1526640418638 Pipelines OperationUploaded byMbarouk Shaame Mbarouk
- Tips and Sample of the Study PlansUploaded byMbarouk Shaame Mbarouk
- 1522227046535_Revised_Instru_syllabus (1).docxUploaded byMbarouk Shaame Mbarouk
- Tips for Chinese Goverment Scholarship WinnersUploaded byMbarouk Shaame Mbarouk
- TARIFF Application-Processing & Transportation-September 201Uploaded byMbarouk Shaame Mbarouk
- AMBA.docxUploaded byMbarouk Shaame Mbarouk

- 5129_w04_erUploaded bymstudy123456
- Three-Dimensional Modelling of in-furnace Coal Coke Combustion in a Blast FurnaceUploaded byshoemakerlevy9
- cheUploaded bynelson
- Design Considerations for WFI Distillation Systems Part 3Uploaded byJason Wang
- Advanced Biofuels - Algal BiofuelsUploaded byRoman Mujahid Rahman
- Global PEMFC MEA market to reach $977 million by 2015Uploaded byBCC Research
- heat_transfer pptUploaded byAmit Chambial
- Experimental Study of Soil Stabilization using Soil BondUploaded byIJRT Online
- The Nature Conservancy s Mojave Desert Eco Regional Assessment 2010Uploaded bySaveTheDesert
- Eee-sgp Assignment Qb for III Yr II Sem-mid-IIUploaded byvamshi
- VDU Ejector Article PTQUploaded byAmin Smiley
- 2030727 ThermodynamicsUploaded bynachappa
- Control Strategy for Distributed Integration of Photovoltaic and Energy Storage in DC MicrogridsUploaded byvishiwizard
- Composition Mantle and CoreUploaded byi putu brama arya diputra oi
- Air PollutionUploaded byAditya Agrawal
- 0038-5670_9_1_A09Uploaded byFreedomInYourEyes
- RadonUploaded byMohamad Irfan
- Chapter 08Uploaded byJoão Rodrigues
- Me 10140Uploaded bysachruel
- Worksheet unit1Uploaded byRajeshKumar
- LandslideUploaded byparaggadhia
- Stpm chemistryUploaded byAng chong beng
- Coastal Geotechnical Engineering in Practice, Volume 1.pdfUploaded bytrack0026
- jpcl reportUploaded byShahzaib Abbasi
- EPIA - competing in the energy sector.pdfUploaded byNedel Labile
- Embankment damUploaded byKaran Dhulia
- The Food Irradiation ProcessUploaded byMujjo Sahb
- National Science Foundation: nsf04577Uploaded byNSF
- Scope and ExcitementUploaded byNova Anna Thomas
- 01 Intro & Theory GT r03Uploaded bysuman_94103