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MORPHEME

GROUP
ZELIA VITALINA P. SARMENTO
ANDI YASHINTA (1601542032)
(1601542029)
GITA MAHARANI (1601542036)
JUITA HERETRENGGI (1601542041)
OUTLINE
Only occurs when attached to some other morpheme
A
DEFINITION
such as a root or stem or base.
F
F
I
POSITION FUNCTION
X

PREFIX DERIVATIONAL

INFIX INFLECTIONAL

SUFFIX
Bound morpheme which is attached to the front
PREFIX
of a root or stem

NEGATIVE PREFIXES LOCATIVE PREFIXES

REVERSATIVE PREFIXES TIMES AND ORDER

PEJORATIVE PREFIXES NUMBER PREFIXES

DEGREE OR SIZE OTHER PREFIXES

PREFIXES OF ATTITUDE CONVERSION PREFIXES


TYPES PREFIXES MEANING ADDED TO EXAMPLES

NEGATIVE PREFIXES Un- ‘the opposite of’ Adjectives Un-fair,


‘not’ Participles Un-expected

REVERSATIVE PREFIX De- ‘to reverse action’ Verbs De-frost,


ES Abstract Nouns De-forestration

PEJORATIVE PREFIXE Mis- ‘wrongly’, Verbs Mis-informs


S ‘astray’ Participle Mis-leading

DEGREE OR SIZE Arch- ‘highest’, ‘worst’ Nouns Arch-duke, Arch-enemy

PREFIXES OF ATTITU Co- ‘with’, ‘joint’ Verbs Cooperate


DE
LOCATIVE PREFIXES Super- ‘over’ Nouns Super-structure

TIME AND ORDER Fore- ‘before’ Mainly Verbs Foretell

NUMBER PREFIXES Uni-, Mono- ‘one’ - Uni-lateral, Mono-theism

OTHER PREFIXES Auto- ‘self’ - Auto-biography

CONVERSION PREFIX En- - Noun to form verb En-slave


Word element (a type of affix) that can be inserted within the base form of

INFIX
a word rather than at its beginning or end to
ensify meaning
create a new word or int

English doesn’t have a lot of infix

The only words that can be inserted with infix are those
that show extra emotion

The most common type of infix in English is expletive.

Rarely used in formal writing


Beawfullyware

absobleedinglutely

Absobloodylutely

fivebleepmile

abdamnsurd

Absoballylutely
EXAMPLES OF INFIX IN BAHASA

ROOT WORDS MEANING ROOT+INFIX EXAMPLE

Getar (n) Shake Ge+me+tar Tubuh ibu gemetar dan akhirnya pingsan mendengar kabar men
gejutkan ini

My mother is shaking and eventually fainted hearing this news


Kilau (n) Shiny K+em+ilau Kemilau berlian itu telah membuat semua orang lupa diri.

The diamond shines and makes people forget who they are.

Jari (n) Finger J+em+ari Jemari perempuan itu lentik sekali.

The fingers of the woman is very beautiful.


Bound morpheme which is attached to the end of a
SUFFIX
root or stem

The spelling of a root or base words may change when a


suffix is added (e.g. in words ending in y, ugly to ugliness

Not all suffixes can be added to all roots

A suffix may have more than one meaning (e.g. –er in larg
er, teacher, and New Yorker. )
EXAMPLES OF SUFFIX

TYPES SUFFIX MEANING EXAMPLE

NOUN SUFFIXES -dom ‘place or state of being’ Free-dom, king-dom, bore-dom

-ist ‘one who’ Chem-ist, narciss-ist

VERB SUFFIXES -ate ‘become’ Regul-ate, enunci-ate

-en ‘become’ Enlight-en, awak-en

ADJECTIVE SUFFIXES -al ‘pertaining to’ Region-al, grammatic-al

-ish ‘having the quality of’ Child-ish, snobb-ish


Morpheme that can change the meaning of a base which

DERIVATIONAL
is it attached to, also may change
the word class.

CHANGING THE MEANING

KIND UN-KIND

CHANGING THE WORD CLASS

REGION REGION-AL
Morpheme that do not change the meaning neither ch

INFLECTIONAL
ange the word class it attached to, it is only able to modify t
he form of a word.

It indicate the grammatical components and function

English only has eight inflectional morphemes

-s (Plural) -en (Past participle)

-s (Third person singular) -ing (Progressive)

‘s (Possession) -er (Comparative)

-ed (Past tense) -est (Superlative)


CONCLUSSION