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BORROWING

• BORROWING WORDS FROM OTHER LANGUAGES IS AN IMPORTANT SOURCE OF NEW


WORDS, WHICH ARE CALLED LOAN WORDS.
• BORROWING- PROCESS IN WHICH A WORD FROM ONE LANGUAGE IS BORROWED
DIRECTLY INTO ANOTHER LANGUAGE. (BRIGHT HUB EDUCATION)
• ACCORDING TO RICHARD NORDQUIST IN HER ARTICLE SAYS THAT IN LINGUISTICS,
BORROWING IS THE PROCESS BY WHICH A WORD FROM ONE LANGUAGE IS ADAPTED
FOR USE IN ANOTHER.
• BORROWING IS THE PROCESS OF ACTUALLY BORROWING WORDS FROM FOREIGN LANGUAGES
• THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE HAS BEEN BORROWING WORDS FROM ‘‘NEARLY A HUNDRED LANGUAGES IN THE LAST
HUNDRED YEARS’’
• THE OTHER WAY ROUND, MANY COUNTRIES ALSO HAVE TAKEN MANY ENGLISH WORDS INTO THEIR DICTIONARIES,
SUCH AS THE WELL-KNOWN ‘‘ OK OR INTERNET”
• MOST OF THE LOAN WORDS ARE NOUNS,ONLY SOME OF THEM ARE VERBS OR ADJECTIVES
• A LANGUAGE MAY BORROW A WORD DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY.
• DIRECT BORROWING- THE BORROWED ITEM IS A NATIVE WORD IN THE LANGUAGE FROM WHICH IT IS BORROWED.
• EX: 1) FEAST WAS BORROWED DIRECTLY FROM FRENCH. 2) ALGEBRA WAS BORROWED FROM SPANISH
• LANGUAGE MAY BORROW NOT ONLY WORDS AND PHRASES BUT OTHER LINGUISTIC UNITS AS WELL. EX: PHONEMES
/V/ IS BORROWED FROM FRENCH.
•WORDS FROM OTHER PARTS OF THE WORLD
SANSKRIT
AVATAR, KARMA, MAHATMA, SWASTIKA, YOGA

HINDI
BANDANNA, BANGLE, BUNGALOW, CHINTZ, COT, CUMMERBUND, DUNGAREE, JUGGERNAUT, JUNGLE, LOOT, MAHARAJA, NABOB,

PERSIAN (FARSI)
CHECK, CHECKMATE, CHESS

ARABIC
BEDOUIN, EMIR, JAKIR, GAZELLE, GIRAFFE, HAREM, HASHISH, LUTE, MINARET, MOSQUE, SULTAN, VIZIER, BAZAAR,

• AFRICAN LANGUAGES
BANANA (VIA PORTUGUESE), BANJO, BOOGIE-WOOGIE, CHIGGER, GOOBER, GORILLAVOODOO, YAM, ZEBRA, ZOMBIE