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DIESEL POWER PLANT

INTRODUCTION:

 Diesel power plants produce power in the range


of 2 to 50 MW.
 They are used as stand by sets for continuity of
supply such as hospitals,telephoneexchanges,
radiostations, cinema theatres and industries.
 They are suitable for mobile power generation
and widely used in railways and ships.
Applications of diesel power plant

 They are used as central station for small or medium power


supplies.
 They can be used as stand-by plants to hydro-electric
power plants and steam power plants for emergency
services.
 They can be used as peak load plants in combinations with
thermal or hydro-plants.
 They are quite suitable for mobile power generation and
are widely used in transportation systems such as
automobiles, railways, air planes and ships.
 Now-a-days power cut has become a regular feature for
industries. The only solution to tide over this difficulty is to
install diesel generating sets.
DIESEL ENGINE power plant
Layout of Diesel Power
Plant
GENERAL LAYOUT
Simple layout
Major System in Diesel Power Plant

 Engine System
 Starting System
 Lubrication System
 Fuel System
 Air filter and Supercharge
 Cooling System
 Exhaust System
 Governing System
1.DIESEL ENGINE

 The fuel burns and the burnt gases expand to do


work on the moving part inside the cylinder called
piston.
 This movement of the piston rotates flywheel and
the engine is directly coupled to electric generator.
 The gases after expansion inside the cylinder is
exhausted into the atmosphere and passes through
silencer in order to reduce the noise.
2.STARTING SYSTEM

 Diesel engine used in diesel power plants is


not self starting. The engines started from
cold condition with the help of an air
compressor.
3. FUEL SUPPLY SYSTEM:

 Fuel from the storage tank is pumped through a


filter into a smaller tank called all day tank. This
tank supplies the daily requirements of the diesel
engine.
 The all day tank is placed high so that the fuel
flows to the engine under gravity with sufficient
pressure.
4. AIR INTAKE SYSTEM :

The air required for the combustion of fuel inside the


diesel engine cylinder is drawn through the air filter.
The purpose of the filter is tore move dust from the
incoming air.
5. EXHAUST SYSTEM:

The exhaust gases coming out of the engine


is very noisy. In order to reduce the noise a
silencer(muffler) issued.
6. COOLING SYSTEM:

 The temperature of the burning fuel inside the


engine cylinder is in the order of 1500C to 2000C.
In order to lower this temperature water is
circulated around the engine.
 The water envelopes(water jacket)the engine. The
heat from the cylinder, piston, combustion
chamber etc., is carried by the circulating water .
 The hot water leaving the jacket is passed through
the heat exchanger The heat from the heat
exchanger is carried away by the raw
water circulated through the heat exchanger and is
cooled in the cooling tower.
7.LUBRICATING SYSTEM:

 This circuit includes lubricating oil tank, oil pump


and oil cooler.
 The purpose of the lubrication system is to reduce
the wear of the engine moving parts. Part of the
cylinder such as piston, shafts, valves must be
lubricated.
 Lubrication also helps to cool the engine.
 In the lubrication system the oil is pumped from the
lubricating oil tank through the oil cooler where the
oil is cooled by the cold water entering the engine.
ADVANTAGES OF DIESEL
POWER PLANT :
 It can respond to varying loads without any
difficulty.
 It occupies less space.
 For the same capacity diesel power plant is
compact and smaller than thermal power plant.
 Diesel power plants are more efficient than steam
power plants in the range of 150 MW capacity
DISADVANTAGES
OF DIESEL POWER PLANT :
 High operating cost.
 High maintenance and lubrication cost.
 The capacity of a diesel plant is limited. They
cannot be constructed enlarge sizes.
 In a diesel plant noise is a serious problem
 Diesel power plants cannot supply over loads
continuously where as steam power plants can
work under 25% overload continuously.
APPLICATION OF DIESEL POWER
PLANT

o Peak load plant.


o Standby plant.
o Emergency plant.
o Central station.
o Mobile plant.
o Captive power plant.
SITE SELECTION FOR DIESEL
POWER PLANT

o Distance from load center.


o Availability of land.
o Availability of water.
o Availability and transportation of fuel.
o Type of land and foundation.
o Weather condition.
o Distance from populated area.