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Meaning, Concepts and Approaches

Human Development

The pattern of movement or change that


begins at conception and continues
through the life span.

includes growth and decline

can be positive or negative


Outline

Major Principles of Human Development

Approaches to Human Development

Principles of Child Development and Learning

Summary
Outline

Major Principles of Human Development

Approaches to Human Development

Principles of Child Development and Learning

Summary
Major Principles of Human Development

- Development is relatively orderly


 Proximodistal pattern  Cephalocaudal pattern
Major Principles of Human Development

- Rate of development and outcome of


developmental processes vary

Individual
Heredity Environment
Differences
Major Principles of Human Development

- Development takes place gradually


Major Principles of Human Development

- Development as a process is complex

Biological Cognitive

Socio-
emotional
Outline

Major Principles of Human Development

Approaches to Human Development

Principles of Child Development and Learning

Summary
Approaches to Human Development

- Traditional Life-span

Believes that
individuals will
show extensive
change from birth Traditional
to adolescence,
little or no change
in adulthood and
decline in late old
age.
Approaches to Human Development

- Life-span Life-span

Believes that even


in adulthood,
developmental
Traditional
change takes
place as it does
during childhood.
Approaches to Human Development
Lifelong

- Life-span: Multi-
Dimensional
Plastic
Life-Span
Characteristics Human
Development
Perspective

Involves
growth,
Contextual maintenance,
& regulation
Outline

Major Principles of Human Development

Approaches to Human Development

Principles of Child Development and Learning

Summary
Principles of Child Development and Learning
1. All areas of development and learning are important.

2. Learning and development follow sequences.

3. Development and learning proceed at varying rates.

4. Development and learning result from an interaction of


biological maturation and experience.

5. Early experiences have profound effects on development


and learning.

6. Development proceeds toward greater complexity, self-


regulation, and symbolic or representational capacities.
Principles of Child Development and Learning
7. Children develop best when they have secure relationships.

8. Development and learning occur in and are influenced by


multiple social and cultural contexts.

9. Children learn in a variety of ways.

10. Play is an important vehicle for developing self-regulation


and promoting language, cognition, and social
competence.

11.Development and learning advance when children are


challenged.

12.Children’s experiences shape their motivation and


approaches to learning.
Outline

Major Principles of Human Development

Approaches to Human Development

Principles of Child Development and Learning

Summary
Summary
Major Principles of Human Development
Development is relatively orderly
Rate of development and outcome of
developmental processes vary
Development takes place gradually
Development as a process is complex

Approaches to Human Development


Traditional
Life-span
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