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# Bridge Construction

## Once you have designed your bridge on Bridge Builder,

you can make a VRML file to see it in 3-D. Go above
and below the deck to see how the trusses are joined

## VRML 3-D Image of a student’s bridge

You have now completed the design of
your bridge. The most difficult part now
begins and that is the

## To build a bridge you must join

many separate pieces.
The stronger the joint,
the stronger the bridge.
We are going to view several methods
Butted Joint

## A Butt joint is the weakest type of joint.

Two pieces of wood joined at the ends,
do not support each other.
All that holds them together is the glue.
Scarf Joint

## Scarf joints do provide more support.

If a force were applied downward on
this joint, one piece of wood, would
Lap Joint

## The more two pieces of wood overlap,

the more they can help each other.
The dotted line represents a pin.
A pin prevents the two pieces of wood
from pulling apart.
Half-Lap Joint

## This is one of the strongest types of joints.

Lamination

but can provide huge amounts of support.
Notched Joint

Beveled Joint

## Tight fitting beveled joints prevent

gaps and spaces that weaken the bridge.
Beveled pieces can be pinned also.
View the next few slides for construction
techniques used on a real bridge.

## Can you determine the

construction technique they used?
Photo By: Doug Porter
This is a half-lap joint

## Photo By: Doug Porter

Photo By: Doug Porter
This joint combines
a notch and a bevel

## Photo By: Doug Porter

Photo By: Doug Porter
This joint show an excellent example of
lamination. Pins and bolts were used to
hold the boards together

## Photo By: Doug Porter

Photo By: Doug Porter
Here is an example
of lap joints

## Photo By: Doug Porter

Photo By: Doug Porter
These joints show a butted joint
and a notched joint side by side

## Photo By: Doug Porter

Putting it all Together

## Joining the trusses and adding the deck

Photo By: Doug Porter
Putting it all Together

## Beveled and Notched Joints

Putting it all Together
Photo By: Doug Porter

## Lap, Bevel and Notch Joints

Putting it all Together
Photo By: Doug Porter
Testing