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Parts of Speech

DEFINITION

 Words are named according to the


work they do in a sentence and are
called parts of speech
They are eight in number…

b N Noun
b A Adjective
b P Pronoun

b V Verb
b A Adverb
b P Preposition

b C Conjunction
b I Interjection
Any thing which names is a
noun

A Person

 An Animal
 A Thing

 An Idea

A Place
Kinds of Nouns PC CAM

Proper Noun Common Noun


John Boy
Mary Girl
Collective Noun Abstract Noun
Army Truth
Class Childhood
Material Noun
Clay
Wood
Kinds of Nouns

Countable Noun Singular Nouns


Novel Boy
Chair Girl
Plural Nouns Singular Possessive
Boys Boy’s
Girls Girl’s
Plural Possessive
Boys’
Girls’
Modifies or describes a
noun or pronoun.
Answers these questions:
Did you lose your address
book?

Is that a wool sweater?

Just give me five minutes.


1. Adjective of Quality
Good, humble, naughty, wicked
2. Adjective of Quantity
Ten, several, any
3. Demonstrative Adjective
This, that, these, those
4. Interrogative Adjective
Which, what, when, whose
The pronoun is a word used in place of
one or more nouns.
It may stand for a person, place, thing,
or idea.
TYPES OF PRONOUN
Personal Pronoun: I, me, mine, you, your, yours,
she, her, hers, it, its, we, us our, ours, them, theirs, their

Reflexive Pronoun: myself, yourself


Demonstrative Pronoun: this, that, these, those,
etc.
Interrogative Pronoun: who, whom, what,
which, whose, etc.
Relative Pronoun: who, which, whose, etc.
Indefinite Pronoun: anybody, each, either, none,
someone, one, etc.
A word that expresses action or
otherwise helps to make a
statement
Action Subject Linking Predicate
A
verb

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Kinds of Verbs
 Action verbs express Linking verbs make a

mental or physical statement by
action. connecting the
subject with a word
3.Modals that describes or
explains it.

He rode the horse to


victory.
He has been sick.
One more division
TRANSITIVE VERB INTRANSITIVE
VERB
•Action verbs that
have an object to •Action verbs but do
receive that action. not have an object
receiving the action.
E.g. I baked some
cookies. E.g. I baked.
I rode the I rode.
bicycle. I laughed.
describes how the
action
is performed.

We went there. Where?


She left yesterday.

He ran quickly.
Interrogative
Adverbs
introduce questions

How did you break your leg?

How often do you run?


Where did you put the mouse trap?
Adverb of place:
We can stop here for lunch.

Adverb of manner:
The brothers were badly injured in the
fight.

Adverb of degree:
It was too dark for us
Adverb of time:
He collapsed and died yesterday.

Adverb of frequency:
again, almost, always, ever, frequently,
generally, hardly ever, nearly, always, never,
occasionally, often, rarely, seldom,
sometimes,twice, usually, weekly.
PRE + POSITION

Definition: A word or word phrase that


shows a relationship between a noun
or pronoun and other words in a
sentence.
The class is being shifted from ground
floor to the first floor.
NEAR UNDER ON

NEXT TO IN BETWEEN
IN ON
in the bed
On the bed
in the bag
On the table
in my room
On the wall
in the class
On the TV
in the car
On the desk
in the fridge
On the chair
in the picture
CLOCK POSTERS
FLOWERS

COMPUTER
BOOKS
TELEVISIONCHAIR
VASE
GUITAR
TABLE
BED

CARPET
Where is the television ? It is NEXT TO the chair.
Where is the computer ? It is ON the table.
Where are the books ? They are ON the table.
Where are the flowers ? They are IN the vase.
Where is the vase ? It is ON the table.
Where is the guitar ? It is ON the bed.
Where is the ball ? It is UNDER the chair. Pg 31
The conjunction
To join words or sentences

1. Coordinating Conjunction
• Cumulative : simply add…. And, as well as
• Alternative: offer choice….either..or, or
• Adversative: contrasting statements ….. But, while
• Illative : one clause is proof of other…. He will
win; for he has laboured much

Pg. 44
2. Subordinating Conjunction

Subordinate clause depends on the main


clause.

Eg.: I shall not go unless she invites me.


The interjection
is an exclamatory word that expresses
emotion

Goodness! What a cute baby!

Wow! Look at that


sunset!
Interjections
• Absolutely
• Yuck
• Shoo
• Goodness
• Anyhow
• Amen
• Alas
• Crikey
Thank
You…