You are on page 1of 32

WORKERSPARTICIPATION IN MANAGEMENT

Submitted to: Submitted By:


Mrs.Nisha Siddiqui Amrita Bajpai
Faculty,IMS Amrita Anand
Pushpa Thakur
Varun Mishra
SCENE AT XYZ COMPANY
WORKING SITE
WORKERS PARTICIPATION:
Participation may be define as taking part in sharing
of power and states b/w manager and worker.
Workers participation in management seeks to
bridge this gap authorizing workers to take in the
managerial process
DEFINATION:
Thus, workers participation in management means giving scope for
worker to influence the managerial decision making process at different
levels by various form in organization.
Objective
Increasing the efficiency and establishing
harmonious industrial relations.
A device tapping human talent.
A means for achieving industrial peace and harmony
which leads to higher productivity and and
increased production.
A humanitarian act, elevating the status of a worker in the society.
An ideological way of developing self-management and promoting
industrial democracy.
To improve the quality of working life .
To secure the mutual cooperation of employees and
employers .
Giving employees better understanding of their role.
Satisfying the workers urge for self-expression.
Developing of human personality.
PURPOSE
Information sharing
Sharing decision making
Self control
Significance
Higher productivity.
Great commitment
Reduce industrial unrest
Improve decision making
Human resource development
Reduce resistance to change
FORMS OF WPM
INFOMATIVE PARTICIPATION
CONSULTATIVE PARTICIPATION
ASSOCIATIVE PARTICIPATION
ADMINISTRATIVE PARTICIPATION
DECISIVE PARTICIPATION
INFORMATIVE PARTICIPATION
Refers to sharing of information with workers regarding: Economic
position, State of market, Production & sales programmes,Work methods,
Balance sheet..etc.

But here workers have no right to analyze or investigate the information.


CONSULTATIVE PARTICIPATION
Workers are given the chance to express their views on various issues
concerning work ,workplace,working condition,market standing,financial
status etc.
But joint council works as advisory body only. Management may or may
not accept the suggestion.
Associative participation
Council is not purely advisory.the management is under moral obligation
to accept and impliment the decision of the council.
ADMINISTRATIVE PARTICIPATION
Can be said BOARD LEVEL PARTICIPATION
The workers representative on the Board can play a useful role in :
safeguarding the interests of workers
can prevail upon top management not to take measures that would be
unpopular with the employee

can guide the Board members on matters of investment in employee


benefit schemes like housing, and so forth
DECISIVE PARTICIPATION
This is the form of participation where decisions are taken jointly on
matters related to production ,safety, welfare etc.
May include :
Partnership through ownership
Partnership through complete control
Essential conditions in successful working
of WPM
The success of workers participation in management
depends upon the following conditions:

The attitude and outlook of the parties.

Both parties should have a genuine faith in the


system and in each other and be willing to work
together.

Participation should be real.


Participation must work as complementary body to
help collective bargaining, which creates conditions
of work and also creates legal relations.

There should be a strong trade union, which has


learnt the virtues of unit and self-reliance so that
they may effectively take part in collective bargaining
or participation.
A peaceful atmosphere should be there wherein
there are no strikes and lock-outs, for their
presence ruins the employees, harms the interest of
the society, and puts the employees to financial
losses.

Authority should be centralized through


democratic management process. The participation
should be at the two or at the most three levels.
Programs for training and education should be developed
comprehensively.

For this purpose,


Labor is to be given education not to the head alone, not to the heart
alone, not to the hands alone,
but it is dedicated to the three;
To make the workers think, feel and act
CONCLUSION
Management should be prepared to give all information connected with
the working of the industry and labor should handle that information with
full confidence and responsibility.
workers should become aware of their responsibilities, the leaders should
initiate this in them.
Similarly, the top management should make the lower echelons to show a
new attitude in the light of the new relationship.
LIMITATIONS OF WPM

complex organizational structures and modern technology

It is voluntary in character

Unsatisfactory roll of trade unions in promoting WPM

Managers consideration WPM as fraud

Time consuming
REASONS FOR
LIMITED SUCCESS

Concept itself

Multiplicity of trade unions and factionalism

Failure to imbibe the spirit of participation by the parties

Multiplicity of participative forums

Lack of arrangements for gain sharing of WPM


REASONS FOR
LIMITED SUCCESS
Cont..
Illiteracy of the workers

Lack of professional expertise of the representatives of the


workers

Non co-operative attitude of the working class

Unhappy IR

Lack of strong trade unionism


Suggestions for
improvements

Serious attention for the removal of the hurdles

Efforts to stir up the management and workers at the local level

Governments roll in giving guidelines and removing impediments


in the way

Education and training programme

A system of sharing the fruits of participation


Management should be prepared to give all information connected with the working of the industry and labor should handle that information with fu

Conclusion
CC

Management should be prepared to give all


information connected with the working of the
industry and labor should handle that information with
full confidence and responsibility. The workers should
become aware of their responsibilities. The leaders
should initiate this in them. Similarly, the top
management should make the lower echelons to show
a new attitude in the light of the new relationship
Management should be prepared to give all information connected with the working of the industry and labor should handle that information with fu

Conclusion
CC
Conti.
It
gives workers a feeling that he is an integral and an important
part of the organisation.

This creates a climate in which he may get reasonable


opportunities to show his worth.

Management should have a constructive attitude and should


regard trade unions not as an obstacle.

Government should take responsibility for the provision of a


satisfactory workers education
THANKS