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Material of

Chemical
Process
SHE-Q
Moment

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Hello!
Andi Adam A D
6516010033

Suci Ananda Ayu N


6516010146
OUR AGENDA
History of Sulphuric Acid

Process of Sulphuric Acid

Raw Material of Sulphuric Acid

Function of Sulphuric Acid

Manufacturer Country of Sulphuric Acid

Manufacturer of Sulphuric Acid in Indonesian

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History of
Sulphuric IRAN
Acid

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Process of
Sulphuric Acid
Contact process with
single absorption

Using
Contact
Process

Contact process with


multiple absorption

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Belerang used in this process.

STEPS
Single 1) Sulphur burned in the air
Absorption 2) Sulphur dioxide reacted with oxygen using catalyst
Vanadium pentaoxide in temperature 450C

3) SO3 separated and reacted with water to produce


sulphuric acid that veery corrosive..

4) To resolve this problem, SO3 streamed through a tower


containing concentrated H2SO4 flows. Then produce
acid pyro sulfate. Its reacted with water and produce
sulphuric acid with a level of 98%.

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Flow Diagram of Single Absorption

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1. The gas that coming out from absorption tower is
heated again by using heat exchange with gas
Multiple converter. Therefore, level of Sulphur trioxide is
Absorption lower.

Overall multiple absorption same with single absorption.


But, multiple absorption that have been modified. So, the
results is higher and decrease emission of SO2.

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Flow Diagram of Multiple Absorption

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RAW MATERIAL

Sulphur Chemical
Characteristics
RAW
MATERIAL With water forming Sulphur
dioxide. Reaction : S + O2
SO2
With hydrochloric acid and
using catalyst Fe will
produce Hydrogen Sulfide

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RAW
MATERIAL
Physical Characteristic
Boiling Point

Enthalphy of
Evaporation

Density
444.6C

278 J/g (400C)

1.7865 g/ml (liquid)


(140C)

Latent Heat
308.6 J/g (120C)
Evaporation
0.0017 Pa.s (200C)
Viscosity
13

Air Physical
Characteristics
RAW Phase : Gas
MATERIAL Composition : 20.9% O2
and 79.1% N2
Heat Capasity : 7.035
cal/gmol C (32C)
Molecular Weight : 28.84
g/gmol
SG : 1.510-3 gr/cc (25C)
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H2O Physical
Characteristics
RAW Phase : Liquid
MATERIAL Molecular Weight : 18
g/gmol
SG : 1 gr/cc (25C)
Viscosity : 1 cp (25C)

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Sulphur Dioxide Chemical
Characteristics
RAW With clorin and water
MATERIAL forming hydrochloric acid
and the other acid.
Reaction : Cl2 + 2H2O +
SO2 2HCl + H2SO4
With hydrogen sulfide
forming water ang Sulphur.
Reaction : 2H2S + SO2
2H2O + 3S 16

Physical Characteristic
662 J/(kg K)
Boiling Point -10C Spesific Heat (100C)
RAW
754 J/(kg K)
Melting Point -75.5C Spesific Heat
MATERIAL (300C)

816 J/(kg K)
Density 2.93 kg/m3 Spesific Heat (500C)

Molecular 64.06
g/gmol
Cp/cv 1.29 (15C)
Weight

Molar Volume 21.9 L/mol


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Sulphur Trioxide Chemical
Characteristics
RAW With water forming strong
MATERIAL acid. Reaction : SO3 + H2O
H2SO4
With moist air forming
white vapor with stinking
smell.

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RAW
MATERIAL
Physical Characteristic
Boiling Point

Melting Point

Density
16.86C

3.57C

44.8 kg/m3

Molecular Weight 80.06 g/gmol

Heat Evaporation
528 J/g
at Boiling Point
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WHAT IS THE
FUNCTION OF
SULPHURIC
ACID?
Function In Petroleum Aluminium In Chemical
of Refining Sulphate Industry
As catalyst to react To make Aluminium Acid catalyst that
Sulphuric isobutene with Sulphate used to change
isobutylene sikloheksanonoksim
Acid isooctane. kaprolaktam.

Hydrochloric Aluminium
Acid Hydroxide
To make To make Aluminium
Hydrochloric Acid Hydroxide

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How about
Manufacturer
of Sulphuric
Acid?
1970 1980 1990

Amerika
92.7 152.7 189.1
Serikat
Manufacturer
Country of Eropa 99.1 170.9 200

Sulphuric Japan 20.9 27.3 36.4


Acid
Canada 10 15.5 22.7

Mexico 6.8 8.9 5.6

Brazil 2.3 7.1 16

South
4 18.6 53
Afrika
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Manufacturer
of Sulphuric
PT
Acid in PT
Petrokimia
Indonesian
PT Liku
Telaga di
PT Budi
Acid Jaya
Acid
Indonesian Gresik
Idustry
Gresik Lampung
678,000 325,000 60,000
82,500
ton/year ton/year ton/year
ton/year

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