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Reinforced Concrete Design

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ECS 559

Chapter 2:

REINFORCED CONCRETE BEAM

DESIGN & DETAILING

ECS 478 Chapter 2 :

Continuous Beam Design & Detailing continuous beam design

CONTINUOUS BEAM

DESIGN

Continuous Beam Design & Detailing continuous beam design

LEARNING OUTCOME :

By completing this chapter, students shall be able to:

beam.

2.0 Design a continuous beam and apply durability and

serviceability checks.

Continuous Beam Design & Detailing continuous beam design

Continuous beams

are beams that

have more than

one span and

normally found in

cast in-situ

construction.

Figure below

shows failure

mode of a

continuous beam

and the position

of the main

reinforcement.

Continuous Beam Design & Detailing continuous beam design

Loading acting on a beam can be contributed by loading from

the supported slabs, supported secondary beams,

brickwall, and other structure elements such as staircase,

roof truss etc.

Load distribution from the slab to beam always depends on the

geometry of slabs, type of supports condition and continuity of

the slabs.

Continuous Beam Design & Detailing continuous beam design

(cont)

For rectangular slabs that supported in 4-sides, the following

method can be used:

0ne-way slab (Ly/Lx > 2.0)

Continuous Beam Design & Detailing continuous beam design

(cont)

For rectangular slabs that supported in 4-sides, the following

method can be used:

Two-way slab (Ly/Lx < 2.0)

Continuous Beam Design & Detailing continuous beam design

Analysis Method

There are few methods that could be used in obtaining shear

and moment values of a continuous beam for design purposes:

o Moment distribution

o Stiffness method

Continuous Beam Design & Detailing continuous beam design

Flanged beams

Flanged beams are cast as a part of the slab system.

When the beams are resisting sagging moments, the slab act as a

compression flange and the members designed as T or L beams.

With hogging moments, the slab will be in tension and the members

designed as a rectangular section.

Continuous Beam Design & Detailing continuous beam design

Continuous Beam Design & Detailing continuous beam design

Continuous Beam Design & Detailing continuous beam design

(a) Shear & moment coef.

b

Stress block analysis

ec 0.567 fck

Fc

AC x 0.8x

0.8

d

h z

As1

s

es

Fs = 0.87 fyk As1

s

In EC2 only the details of the stress block are given, not the flexural

design formulae. This is considered text book information.

Continuous Beam Design & Detailing continuous beam design

Continuous Beam Design & Detailing continuous beam design

Continuous Beam Design & Detailing continuous beam design

Continuous Beam Design & Detailing continuous beam design

Detailing

Deflection

Deflection (contd.)

DESIGN AIDS, FIRE

Exercise : Beam Design

Figure below shows the simply supported beam and the size

of the beam. Assuming that : concrete cover = 25 mm,

diameter of bar is 20mm, diameter of link = 10mm, fck =

25N/mm,fyk= 500 N/mm. Calculate the area of steel, shear

reinforcement of the beam and check the deflection of the

beam.

15kN/m

mmmmmmmmmmmmmmm

450mm

4m

200mm

Figure Q1 shows the floor plan of the typical car park area. By considering the data given:

b) Design the main reinforcement at over support for Beam C/1-4.

Data given:

Dimension of beam = 300mm x 650mm

Characteristic strength of the concrete, fck = 30 N/mm2

Characteristic strength of main bars & link, fyk = 500 N/mm2

Slab thickness = 200 mm

Ultimate design load for Beam C/1-4 = 90 KN/m

Effective depth of tension reinforcement, d = 600 mm

Depth of compression reinforcement, d = 50 mm

EFFECTIVE WIDTH OF FLANGE BEAM (T BEAM)

Continuous beam

beff = beff i + bw < b b = short span of slab = 3000-300 = 2700 mm,

bw = width of beam = 300mm

Where beff i = 0.2bi + 0.1lo < 0.2lo

and beff < bi, l = span length of beam = 8500 mm

As the beam is symmetric about its centreline, b1=b2 and beff1 = beff2

b = (3000 300)/2 + (3000- 300)/2 = 2700 mm)

b1 = b2 = (3000 300)/2 = 1350 mm

beff i = 0.2bi + 0.1lo < 0.2lo

beff 1 = 0.2 x 1350 + 0.1 x 5950

= 865mm < b1 = 1350 mm , or

< 0.2lo = 0.2 x 5950

= 1190 mm

beff = beff1 + beff2 + bw

= 865 mm + 865 mm + 300 mm

= 2030 mm < b = 2700 mm

Flange beam design (T beam)

2. Calculate K = M/bfdfck, where bf = bff

3. Calculate z

4. Calculate S = 2 (d z), if S < h (slab thickness), then the section

design as a rectangular section.

AT MID SPAN DESIGN AS A RECTANGULAR SECTION,

WHERE

b = WIDTH OF RECTANGULAR BEAM NOT FLANGE BEAM

(bff)

Figure Q1 shows the floor plan of the typical car park area. By considering the data given:

b) Design the main reinforcement at over support for Beam A/1-4.

Data given:

Dimension of beam = 300mm x 650mm

Characteristic strength of the concrete, fck = 30 N/mm2

Characteristic strength of main bars & link, fyk = 500 N/mm2

Slab thickness = 200 mm

Ultimate design load for Beam A/1-4 = 50 KN/m

Effective depth of tension reinforcement, d = 600 mm

Depth of compression reinforcement, d = 50 mm

EFFECTIVE WIDTH OF FLANGE BEAM (L BEAM)

Continuous beam

beff = beff i + bw < b b = short span of slab = 3000-300 = 2700 mm,

bw = width of beam = 300mm

Where beff i = 0.2bi + 0.1lo < 0.2lo

and beff < bi, l = span length of beam = 8500 mm

beff 1 = 0.2 x 1350 + 0.1 x 7225

= 992.5mm < b = 1350 mm , or

< 0.2lo = 0.2 x 7225

= 1445 mm

beff = beff1 + bw

= 992.5 mm + 300 mm

= 1292.5 mm < b = 1350 mm

Flange beam design (L beam)

2. Calculate K = M/bfdfck, where bf = bff

3. Calculate z

4. Calculate S = 2 (d z), if S < h (slab thickness), then the section

design as a rectangular section.

AT MID SPAN DESIGN AS A RECTANGULAR SECTION,

WHERE

b = WIDTH OF RECTANGULAR BEAM NOT FLANGE BEAM

(bff)

EXERCISE

thickness of 150mm, a web width of 250mm and overall depth of

500mm. The concrete Gred is C30/37 and the steel 500 N/mm.The

cover for reinforcement is 25mm.Assuming that the diameter of

link and main steel are 10mm and 16mm respectively. Calculate the

area of main steel required for the following moments;

i) 400 KNm (sagging)

ii) 300 KNm (hogging)

EXERCISE

distributed dead (including self-weight) and imposed loads of 10KN/m

and 15KN/m respectively. The beam dimensions as shown below.

Assuming that the T beam is made from grade 30 concrete, steel

strength is 500 N/mm. Calculate the area of main steel required for the

T beam.

beff = 900 mm

hf = 200 mm

bw = 300 mm

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