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Types of Speech

Context
and Speech
Prepared by:
Nenita C. Gelacio, MT-II

Styles
LEARNING COMPETENCIES
1. The learners identify the various types of speech c
ontext.

(EN11/12OC-Ifj-15)
2. The learners exhibit appropriate verbal and non-ver
bal
behavior in a given speech context.

(EN11/12OC-Ifj-16)
3. The learners distinguish the types of speech style.
ACTIVITY 1- GROUP ACTIVITY

ACT IT OUT!
INSTRUCTIONS:
Work in groups of eight and read the following scenes.
Scene 1: Someone making an announcement to the public
Scene 2: Two small groups of people discussing something se
parately
Scene 3: One person talking to himself
Scene 4: Two people speaking with each other on the phone
Scene 5: A reporter appearing live on screen
Weave the scenes together into a story. You are free to
interchange the order of the scenes.
Act out your story and present it to the class within five
minutes.
ACTIVITY 2- GROUP ACTIVITY (SAME GROUP)
Discuss in three minutes what information can be contained in each of the following
types of
communication. Fill in each box with the information needed.

Communication
Communication with
between two
self
persons

Communication in a Communication to
small group the public
TYPES OF SPEECH
CONTEXT
1. INTRAPERSONAL

A type of
communication
that centres on
one person where
the speakers acts
both as the sender
and
the receiver.
1. INTRAPERSONAL

The message is made up of your thoughts and feelings.


The channel is your brain which processes what you are
thinking and feeling. There is feedback in the sense that
as you talk to yourself, you discard certain ideas and repl
ace them
with others. (Hybels and Weaver, 2012, p.16)
SAMPLE:
You spent the night thinking and analyzing why a student from t
he other
class talked to you on the way home and you decided it probably m
eant

nothing.
You felt happy while thinking about how your teacher appreciate
d you for

submitting your project before due date and you reflected on why t
his was so.
2. INTERPERSONAL

A type of
communication
between and
among
people and
establishes
personal
relationship
INTERPERSONAL

According to Solomon and Theiss, 2013:


inter- highlights how interpersonal communication c
onnects people
personal- unique qualities as a person matter during
interpersonal communication
TYPES OF INTERPERSONAL
CONTEXT
1. DYAD COMMUNICATION
Occurs between two people.

SAMPLE:
1. You offered feedback
on speech performan
ce of your classmate
2. You provided comfort
to a friend who was f
eeling down.
2. SMALL GROUP
Involves at least three but not more than twelve

people engaging in a face to face interaction to achieve de


sired goal
All participants can freely share their ideas in a

loose and open discussion


SAMPLE:
1. You are participating in a
n organizational meetin
g which aims to address
the concerns of your stu
dents
2. You are having a discussi
on with your groupmates
on how to finish the assi
gned tasks.
3. PUBLIC
Requires you to deliver the message in front of the
group
Message can be driven by informational or
persuasive purposes
The channels are more exaggerated, voice is louder,
gestures are more expansive due to bigger
audience. Powerpoint can be used.
-Hybels and Weaver, 2012
SAMPLE:
1. You deliver a graduat
ion speech to your ba
tch
2. You participate in a
declamation, oratori
cal contest or debate
watched by man
y people.
4. MASS COMMUNICATION
Communication that takes place
through television, radio,
newspapers, magazines, books,
billboards, internet and
other types of media.

SAMPLE
1. You are a student journalist artic
ulating your stand on current issues
through the
school newspaper.
TYPES OF SPEECH STYLES
SPEECH STYLES

The context dictates and affects the way people commu


nicate, which results in various speech styles.

According to Joos (1968), there are five speech styles. T


hese are (1) intimate, (2) casual, (3) consultative, (4) for
mal, and (5) frozen. Each style dictates what appropriate
language or vocabulary
should be used or observed.
1. INTIMATE

This style is private, which o


ccurs between or among cl
ose family members or indiv
iduals.

The language used in this st


yle
may not be shared in public.
2. CASUAL

This style is common among


peers and friends.

Jargon, slang, or the vernacul


ar
language are used.
3. CONSULTATIVE

This style is the standard one.


Professional or mutually accept
able language is a must in this s
tyle.

Examples of situations are


communication between teach
ers
and students, employers and
employees, doctor and patient,
judge and lawyer, or President
4. FORMAL

This style is used in formal setti


ngs. Unlike the consultative sty
le, this is
one-way.

Examples are sermons by pries


ts
and ministers, State of the Nat
ion
Address of the President, form
5. FROZEN

This style is frozen in time an


d
remains unchanged. It mostly
occurs in ceremonies.

Common examples are the


Preamble to the Constitution,
Lords Prayer, and Allegiance t
o country
or flag.
QUIZ
PART I:
INSTRUCTIONS: Differentiate interpersonal communication from intrap
ersonal
communication by filling out the graphic organizer below.
TYPE DESCRIPTION SAMPLE SITUATIONS
1. Interpersonal 1.
2.
3.

2. Intrapersonal 1.
2.
3.
PART II:
INSTRUCTIONS: Identify the type of speech style appropriate for the fol
lowing
situations. Write your answer before the number.
1. talking to a counselor or psychiatrist
2. giving last-minute instructions to players
3. delivering campaign speeches
4. delivering a speech at the UN Summit
5. delivering news reports
6. talking and laughing about memorable experiences
7. communicating while playing sports
8. having a one-on-one conversation with a loved one
9. delivering an oratorical speech
10. leading a prayer before meal
ASSIGNMENT:
Instruction: Search for the following links on the internet. Hone your knowl
edge in
identifying types of speech contexts by looking into the exercises found on t
he websites below. Write your answers in your assignment notebook.

1. Notes and Exercises on Interpersonal and Intrapersonal Communication


http://faculty.buffalostate.edu/smithrd/UAE%20Communication/Unit4
.pdf

2. Communication Skills Self-Assessment Exercise


http://relationships101.
THANK YOU FOR
LISTENING!