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Note & Animation

BERNOULLIs PRINCIPLE
Bernoullis principle:
The PRESSURE of liquid DECREASES when its
VELOCITY INCREASES > (P hi when V lo)

Paper
Y
X

Physics Concept:

X: High velocity, low pressure


Y: Low velocity, high pressure (atm pressure)
The effect:
Y
Ping pong
Atm pressure/force pushes paper/ball upward ball 1
Note2 & Animation

Demo 1:
Bernoullis principle:
The PRESSURE of liquid DECREASES when its
VELOCITY INCREASES > (P hi when V lo)

Describe your observation:

At Y, air velocity is
higher, pressure
is lower

At X, air velocity is
lower, pressure is
higher
The difference of
pressure produces
force and pushes the
balls to Y
2
Air: Low V, high P (atm) Air: Low V, high P (atm)

X Y Z X Y Z
Water: Low V, high P Vx < Vy < Vz
Force = 0 (equilibrium force) Px > Py > Pz
Fx < Fy < Fz
= 1N = 2N = 3N

3
Air: Low V, high P (atm) Air: Low V, high P (atm)

X Y Z X Y Z

Water: Low V, high P Vx low Vy highest Vz high


Force = 0 (equilibrium force) Px high Py lowest Pz low
Fx smaller Fy bigger Fz big
= 1N = 3N = 2N

4
Animation &
discussion The Flight of an Airplane

1. Aerofoil shapes, the top surface is arched and


bottom is flat
2. When the airplane is moving

3. Top surface:
air flows faster, low pressure

4. Under surface:
air flows slower, high pressure

5. Buoyant force is produced (F > W) and lift the airplane

upward. 5
Animation &
discussion

The velocity of a The velocity of a


mixture of gas mixture of gas
and air is low and air is high

Air flows Air flows

slowly fast
Gas supply

a) Wide passage b) Narrow passage


Observation: less hot, yellow & with smoke very hot, blue & smokeless