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Mock questions

1)
a)
b)
c)
d)

A good example of a volumetric flaw is:


Slag inclusions
Root porosity
Blow holes
All of the above

2) ISO 17637 refers?


a) Visual inspection for fusion welds
b) Quality of the joint
c) Mechanical properties
d) Welding procedure specification

3) Which MMA electrode has highest level of


hydrogen content?
a) Rutile electrodes
b) Basic electrodes
c) Cellulosic electrodes
d) Heavy rutile electrodes

4) Which welding process shows 141 means?


a) MAG
b) TIG
c) MMA
d) SAW

5) Which welding process mostly prone to cause


for solidification crack?
a) MMA
b) FCAW
c) SAW
d) MIG

6) Hydrogen crack refers to?


a) Delay crack
b) Underbead crack
c) Cold crack
d) All of the above

7) Which NDT method is used to detect


lamellar tearing?
a) Ultrasonic
b) Radiography
c) Magnetic particle testing
d) Penetrant testing

8) BS EN ISO 15614 refers to?


a) Welder qualification
b) Welding procedure qualification
c) Welding procedure records
d) Welding power source

9) E 46 3 B what does 3 refers to?


a) Welding position
b) Yield strength
c) Impact value
d) Tensile strength

10) Odd refers to?


a) Lamellar tearing
b) Step-like crack
c) Hot crack
d) Traced appearance crack

11) Preheat refers to?


a) Reduce the risk of HAZ cracking
b) Remove hydrogen content
c) delay the cooling rate
d) Remove moisture pick-up

12) EN 2560, E50 3 1Ni B 2 1 H5, what does the 3


represents?
a) A minimum charpy value of 30 joules
b) A minimum impact value of 47 joules
c) A minimum impact temperature of -30c at a
given joule value
d) None of the above

13) In a T-joint, Buttering layer to prevent


the?
a) Hydrogen crack
b) Weld decay
c) Lamellar tearing
d) Solidification crack

14) STRA stands for?


a) Short transverse reduction in area
b) Short tensile reduction in area
c) Short thickness reduction in area
d) Short transverse rupture in area

15) STRA preferable to?


a) Tensile test
b) Impact test
c) Low through thickness ductility
d) Hardness test

16) In GMAW, What are the types of metal


transfers to be classified?
a) Cellulosic, rutile, basic
b) Trailing, Vertical, leading
c) Dip, spray, pulse
d) None of the above

17) Bend test preferable?


a) To check the ductility & fusion
b) As per welding procedure qualification
c) As per Welder qualification
d) All of the above

18) In radiography, which type of defect


cannot be detected?
a) Porosity
b) Crack
c) undercut
d) laminations

19) In radiography, which type of defect


can be difficulty to identified?
a) Crack
b) Undercut
c) Lack of side wall fusion
d) Cluster porosity

20) Post weld heat treatment applicable to?


a) Remove moisture content
b) Remove hydrogen
c) Reduce the risk of HAZ cracking
d) Remove the residual stresses

21) Burn through causes for?


a) Root gap is too small
b) Root face is too large
c) Current is too low
d) Current is too high

22) Illumination for visual inspection?


a) 50-100lux
b) 100-250lux
c) 350-500lux
d) 500-1000lux

23) In GMAW, what is the included for


aluminum material?
a) 60
b) 70
c) 80
d) 90

24) In MMA, what is the typical bevel angle


15mm thick plate?
a) 25
b) 35
c) 60
d) 70

25) BS 499-1 refers to?


a) Welding consumables
b) Welding procedure qualification
c) Welding symbols & drawings
d) Welder approval

26) BS EN 287 prefers to?


a) Welding procedure qualification
b) Welder qualification
c) Welding consumables
d) Welding procedure records

27) Incomplete root penetration causes


for?
a) Current is too high
b) Root face is too large
c) Current is too low
d) Both b & c

28) Mechanical tests are classified as?


a) Non destructive & destructive
b) Qualitative & quantitative
c) Destructive & quantitative
d) Non destructive & qualitative

29) What is an essential variable?


a) Quality of the joint
b) Mechanical properties
c) Chemical composition
d) Both b & c

30) In a fillet weld, the strength of the fillet


is?
a) Leg length
b) Depth of penetration
c) Excess weld metal
d) Design throat thickness

31) In a transverse tensile test, to check


the?
a) Strength of the weld
b) Through thickness Ductility
c) Strength of the joint
d) All of the above

32) In C-MN steels, when material tends to


higher heat input shows most effected
by?
a) Higher hardness
b) Lower toughness
c) Higher tensile strength
d) All of the above

33) Normalizing temperature occurs at?


a) ~ 600c
b) ~ 700c
c) ~ 800c
d) ~ 900c

34) In GMAW, wire feed rate is directly


proportional to?
a) Arc voltage
b) Travel speed
c) Welding current
d) All of the above

35) To eliminate/prevent arc blow?


a) Use DC+
b) Use AC
c) Use DCd) None of the above

36) In plain carbon steels, which element


has greatest influence?
a) Manganese
b) Silicon
c) Carbon
d) Chromium

37) In plain carbon steels, if we increase


the carbon level? What is effect on
tensile strength?
a) Tensile strength decreases
b) Toughness decreases
c) Hardness decreases
d) all of the above

38) In GMAW, which metal transfer


preferable all positional welding?
a) Dip transfer
b) Spray transfer
c) Pulse transfer
d) Both a & c

39) In radiography, which isotope has


longest half life period?
a) Iridium192
b) Cobalt60
c) Thulium90
d) ytteribium169

40) What is the unit of -rays?


a) Kv
b) Joule
c) Curie
d) Kelvin

41) Which type of electrode E7024 refers?


a) Cellulosic
b) Rutile
c) Basic
d) Thick coated Iron powder

42) In welding process, which parameter


influence the heat input?
a) Voltage
b) Current
c) Travel speed
d) All of the above

43) What is the baking temperature for


basic electrodes?
a) 200c
b) 350c
c) 450c
d) 600c

44) Which welding process gives highest


level of hydrogen?
a) SMAW
b) MIG/MAG
c) FCAW
d) GTAW

45) In GMAW, which type of metal transfer


should not preferable to use carbon
dioxide gas?
a) Dip transfer
b) Pulse transfer
c) Spray transfer
d) Globular transfer

46) Which welding process should not


preferable to use carbon dioxide gas?
a) MAG
b) MIG
c) FCAW
d) None of the above

47) In GMAW, electrode extension refers


to?
a) Electrode tip to work piece
b) Contact tip to electrode tip
c) Contact tip to work piece
d) None of the above

48) In Manual metal arc welding, arc


voltage is controlled by?
a) Welding current
b) Arc length
c) Travel speed
d) Heat input

49) In GTAW, the polarity used in stainless


steels?
a) AC
b) DCc) DC+
d) None of the above

50) In TIG process, which type of electrode


is used for aluminum?
a) Zirconiated
b) Thoriated
c) Ceriated
d) lanthaniated

51) In GTAW, which polarity is used for


aluminum alloys?
a) DCb) DC+
c) AC
d) None of the above

52) Which best NDT method can detect


the lack of side wall fusion defect?
a) Radiography
b) Dye penetrant testing
c) Ultrasonic testing
d) Magnetic particle testing

53) What is the stress relieving


temperature for C & C-Mn steels in the
weldment?
a) 350c
b) 580c-620c
c) 900c
d) 1050c

54) In SAW process, which flux has more


hygroscopic in nature?
a) Fused
b) Neutral
c) Agglomerated
d) basic

55) The term transition temperature range


refers to?
a) Ductile to fatigue
b) Ductile to brittle
c) Fatigue to brittle
d) None of the above

56) In tensile test, the term Rm stands for?


a) Yield strength
b) Elastic point
c) Ultimate tensile strength
d) All of the above

57) Back-step/ back-skip welding refers


to?
a) Sequence welding
b) Friction welding
c) Resistance welding
d) All of the above

58) In MMA process, which type of


electrode contains 80-90ml/100gm of
weld metal deposited by?
a) Rutile
b) Basic
c) Heavy rutile
d) cellulosic

59) Which element causes for solidification


crack?
a) Carbon
b) Silicon
c) Manganese
d) sulphur

60) Due to high level of stresses act in the


low through thickness ductility(zdirection) most susceptible to?
a) Hydrogen crack
b) Solidification crack
c) Weld decay
d) Lamellar tearing

61) In MIG/MAG process, mixture of gases


used for austenitic stainless steels?
a) 95% argon + 5% co2
b) 80% argon + 20% co2
c) 98% argon + 2% (co2 or o2)
d) All of the above

62) In TIG, which metal transfer is


preferable to?
a) Dip transfer
b) Spray transfer
c) Globular transfer
d) None of the above

63) In MIG/MAG process, which metal


transfer is non-desired?
a) Pulse transfer
b) Spray transfer
c) Globular transfer
d) Dip transfer

64) In SAW process, DCEN preferable to?


a) Penetration increases
b) Penetration decreases
c) Deposition rate decreases
d) None of the above

65) In SAW process, AC is often preferable to


avoid arc blow, when used with twin electrode
system is?
a) DC+ gives greater deposition rate
b) DC- gives deeper penetration
c) DC+ is used for the lead arc & AC is used for
trail arc
d) AC is used for the trail arc & DC- is used for
lead arc

66) Hydrogen crack is mostly susceptible


to which welding process?
a) MIG/MAG
b) SAW
c) TIG
d) MMA

67) In SAW, which flux has sharp & fluky?


a) Agglomerated
b) Neutral
c) Basic
d) fused

68) In oxy-fuel cutting process, for which


materials welding to be done?
a) Carbon steels
b) Austenitic stainless steels
c) Low alloy steels
d) Both a & c

69) In oxy-fuel gas cutting process, which


gas is preferred for cutting of thin
sections?
a) Propane
b) Propylene
c) Acetylene
d) Methane(natural gas)

70) In oxy-fuel gas cutting process, the


material burns up to the temperature is?
a) ~ 600c
b) ~ 850 c
c) ~1000 c
d) ~ 1450 c

71) Which of the following is not refers to


hydrogen cracking?
a) Cold cracking
b) Delayed cracking
c) Hot cracking
d) Underbead cracking

72) In radiography, the pipe diameter for


double wall single image refers to?
(OD=outer diameter)
a) OD<100mm
b) OD>100mm
c) OD=100mm
d) All of the above

73) In SAW process, which flux has can be


used for recycled?
a) Neutral
b) Basic
c) Fused
d) Agglomerated

74) In MMA process, which electrodes


should pre-use the highest preheat
temperatures?
a) Cellulosic
b) Rutile
c) Basic
d) Heavy rutile

75) PWHT thermal cycle is carried out in


accordance with the code specified are?
a) Maximum heating rate
b) Soak time & temperature
c) Maximum cooling rate
d) All of the above

76) In general, thicker materials requires higher


preheat temperature, but for a given CEV and
arc energy/heat input, they are likely remains
thickness up to?
a) ~10mm
b) ~20mm
c) ~30mm
d) ~40mm

77) BS EN ISO 1011 refers to?


a) Welding consumables
b) Welding procedure qualification
c) Preheat temperature
d) Symbols & drawings

78) Which element is added to steel and


provides de-oxidation?
a) Carbon
b) Chromium
c) Copper
d) silicon

79) Which is not a qualification


code/specification?
a) BS EN ISO 15614
b) ASME section IX
c) AWS D1.1
d) ASME B31.1

80) BS EN ISO 22553, where does the


symbol goes on the solid/reference line
refers to?
a) Other side
b) Arrow side
c) Opposite to arrow side
d) All the above

81) BS EN 22553, Asymmetrical welds in a


fillet weld are?
a) Both sides are same
b) Different in both the sides
c) Dotted/dashed line is omitted
d) None of the above

82) In BSEN 22553, symmetrical welds


are in fillet weld?
a) Dashed/dotted line may be omitted
b) Both the sides are different
c) Both the sides are same
d) Both a & c

83) BS EN ISO 22553, where does the


symbol goes on the dashed line refers
to?
a) Arrow side
b) Other side
c) Opposite to other side
d) None of the above

84) Weld decay problem mainly occurs in


which type of materials?
a) Aluminum
b) Copper
c) Austenitic stainless steels
d) Low alloys steels

85) Weld decay also called sensitization or intercrystalline corrosion occurs to forms carbides at
grain boundaries within the susceptible
temperature range of approximately?
a) 500c
b) 600-850c
c) 910c
d) 1000c

86) Which type of joint gives highest heat input


as?
a) Butt joint
b) Tee-joint
c) Lap joint
d) Cruciform joint

87) What are the typical duties of welding


inspector, activity will usually be required
throughout the fabrication process?
a) Trailing, vertical, leading
b) Dip, spray, pulse
c) Before, during, after welding
d) None of the above

88) In a butt weld, The boundary between


weld metal & HAZ is?
a) Fusion zone
b) Fusion line/ fusion boundary
c) Parent metal
d) All of the above

89)In a Butt weld, The fusion zone includes as?


a) weld metal & parent metal
b) HAZ & parent metal
c) Weld metal & HAZ
d) All of the above

90) BS EN ISO 15607 refers to?


a) Type of joints
b) Type of welds
c) Type of positions
d) All of the above

91) The depth to width ratio of the


solidifying weld bead is large(deep &
narrow) shows as?
a) 1:1
b) 1:2
c) 2:1
d) 1:3

92) Generally, Solidification crack occurs


when?
a) After one day
b) Immediately after welding
c) Before welding
d) During welding

93) In which location solidification crack


occurs in?
a) HAZ
b) Weld metal
c) Base metal
d) All of the above

94) Odd refers to?


a) Hot crack
b) Cold crack
c) Liquation crack
d) Crater crack

95) Which element has ability to get high


fumes as well as soften & hard?
a) Aluminum
b) Manganese
c) Iron
d) nickel

96) At what level of hydrogen exceeds to


cause HAZ cracking?
a) 3ml/100gm of weld metal deposited
b) 5ml/100gm of weld metal deposited
c) 10ml/100gm of weld metal deposited
d) 15ml/100gm of weld metal deposited

97) At what temperature falls below


necessary to cause hydrogen crack?
a) 600c
b) 900c
c) 300c
d) 450c

98) At what level of stresses exceeds to


cause HAZ crack?
a) 0.5% yield of the material
b) 30-40% yield of the material
c) 50% yield of the material
d) 10-20% yield of the material

99) At what level hardness(susceptible


microstructure) exceeds to cause HAZ
cracking?
a) 200 HV
b) 300-350 HV
c) 400 HV
d) All of the above

100) Pure argon is suitable for which


welding process?
a) MAG
b) SAW
c) MIG
d) MMA

101) In MIG/MAG process, if CTWD


increases then what will be the effect on
the welding current/ amperage?
a) Current increases
b) Current remains constant
c) Current decreases
d) None of the above

102) In MMA process, Which electrode


has highest recovery rate?
a) Cellulosic
b) Basic
c) Rutile
d) Iron powder

103) The weight of base metal melted


divided by the total weight of the weld
metal is known as?
a) Recovery rate
b) Penetration
c) Deposition rate
d) Dilution

104) Which material property is preferable


to austenitic stainless steels?
a) It is non-magnetic
b) Low thermal conductivity
c) High coefficient of thermal expansion
d) All of the above

105) In GTAW, generally argon and through


nitrogen may be considered for which material?
a) Welding for copper alloys
b) Welding for austenitic stainless steels
c) To stabilize the arc
d) Both a & c

106) In GTAW, generally argon and


through 5% hydrogen may be
considered for which material?
a) Welding for copper alloys
b) Welding for carbon steels
c) Welding for manganese steels
d) Welding for austenitic stainless steels

107) In TIG, welding current controls


slope-in/slope-up device is preferable
to?
a) Avoid crater cracking
b) Avoid stress raisers
c) Avoid tungsten inclusions
d) Avoid gas flow rate

108) In TIG process, welding current controls


slope-out/slope-down device is preferable to?
a) Avoid the contamination
b) Avoid the tungsten inclusions
c) Avoid crater cracking
d) Avoid gas flow rate

109) In TIG welding, to initiate the arc


methods are?
a) Lift arc
b) Constant frequency
c) High frequency
d) Both a & c

110) Which welding process has constant


current/amperage characteristics?
a) SAW
b) GMAW
c) SMAW
d) FCAW

111) Which welding process has constant


voltage characteristics?
a) MMA/SMAW
b) TIG/GTAW
c) SAW more than 1000amp
d) GMAW/MAG

112) The calibration/validation of welding


equipment refers to
standard/code/specification is?
a) BS EN ISO 1101
b) BS 7570
c) BS EN ISO 17637
d) BS EN 4515

113) Disadvantage of electrode efficiency


180% high deposition rate refers to?
a) All positional welding
b) Operation limited to some
positions(PA,PB)
c) high level of hydrogen content
d) All of the above

114) In MIG/MAG process, the terms cast


& helix preferable to check?
a) The shielding gases
b) The quality of welding wires
c) The manufacture recommendation
d) All of the above

115) In TIG process, fusible inserts is used


to control the?
a) Gas flow rate
b) Lack of penetration
c) Porosity
d) All of the above

116) Which polarity is used for MIG/MAG


solid wire is?
a) DC+
b) DCc) AC
d) All of the above

117) To obtained an accurate measure of


arc voltage, the voltmeter should be
positioned?
a) Any where can be measured
b) As near as practical to the arc
c) Reading would not be taken any
significant
d) Voltage should be remains constant

118) Flux cored arc welding, is commonly


developed by?
a) Greater deposition rate
b) Higher productivity
c) Self-shielded & no external gas is
needed
d) All of the above

119) What is meant by pinch effect?


a) High welding current produces weak
electromagnetic forces
b) Detaching of molten droplets from the
tip of the electrode
c) It requires high heat input process
d) All of the above

120) In a weld preparation, who will give


the information of(root gap, root face &
included angle)?
a) Welding inspector
b) Welding supervisor
c) Welding engineer
d) Welding operator

121) Who should access the site safety?


a) Welder & welding inspector
b) Welding supervisor
c) Welding engineer
d) everyone

122) In BSEN 22553, black flag & circle


symbols on the solid line represents as?
a) Welding fabrication made on site
b) Welding made on site & weld all around
c) Welding for intermittent fillet welds
d) All of the above

123) Compound welds represents by?


a) Butt & fillet welds
b) Two different welds
c) fillet & spot welds
d) All of the above

124) What is the main reason for carrying


out PWHT (to steel joints)?
a) To remove hydrogen
b) To remove moisture pickup
c) To remove residual stresses
d) All of the above

125) What is the curie point for magnetic


particle testing in Ferro-magnetic
materials?
a) 300c
b) 650c
c) 450c
d) 1050c

126) MIG advantages over TIG are?


a) Greater deposition rates
b) Lesser penetration depths
c) Lesser deposition rates
d) Greater penetration depths

127) Typical types of distortion include


are?
a) Longitudinal shrinkage
b) Transverse shrinkage
c) Angular distortion
d) All of the above

128) Reduce the effective of shrinking forces works


to minimize the distortion?
a) Do not over weld
b) Use few passes
c) Use back step welding
d) All of the above

129) The alloys can be successfully


brazed using filler metal with a melting
temperature below that of the base
metal but above ____ ?
a) 200c
b) 300c
c) 450c
d) 650c

130) It is essential that the welder adhere strictly


to the given welding procedure, particularly with
regard to the welding parameters of
________________ these have a great
influence on the mechanical properties of weld
on distortion?
a) Voltage & current
b) Travel speed
c) Weld run sequence
d) All of the above

131) In TIG, thoriated tungsten electrodes


are not generally used for which
polarity?
a) DC+
b) DCc) AC
d) None of the above

132) In GTAW process, Air-cooled torches


can be used at up to about?
a) 50amps
b) 100amp
c) 225amps
d) 300amps

133) In TIG process, water-cooled torches


can be used up to about?
a) 150amps
b) 300amps
c) 225amps
d) All of the above

134) In MMA process, if the polarity


changes from DC- to DC+ gives?
a) Greater deposition rate
b) Lesser depth of penetration
c) Greater depth of penetration
d) Lesser deposition rate

135) In MMA process, if the polarity


changes from AC to DC- gives?
a) Greater penetration
b) Increase in deposition rate & slightly
decrease in penetration
c) Decrease in deposition rate & slightly
increase in penetration
d) Lesser penetration

136) The metals are related to the amount


of deformation, which metals can
withstand under different application of
force?
a) Physical properties
b) Chemical properties
c) Mechanical properties
d) Thermal properties

137) The Property of a material undergo


plastic deformation under static tensile
loading without rupture is known as?
a) Tensile strength
b) Ductility
c) Brittleness
d) hardness

138) In a fracture faces, the examination of


brittle failure identified by?
a) Rough & torn
b) Featureless appearance
c) Flat & crystalline
d) Both b & c

139) Under fatigue fracture faces,


examination in service failure identified
by?
a) Rough surface
b) Smooth surface
c) Featureless
d) Flat & crystalline

140) Preheat temperature is takes place


at?
a) The temperature of the base metal
before welding is started
b) The temperature of the base metal
during welding is started
c) The temperature of the base metal
immediately after welding is started
d) All of the above

141) The quantity of heat passing through


a material is known as?
a) Thermal expansion
b) Thermal conductivity
c) Heat capacity
d) All of the above

142) The deflection of an electric arc from


its normal path because of magnetic
forces is called as?
a) Arc initiation
b) Arc blow
c) Arc strike
d) All of the above

143) The distance from tip of the electrode


to the work piece is known as?
a) Arc time
b) Arc initiation
c) Arc length
d) Arc blow

144) A fusion weld made without the


addition of filler metal is known as?
a) Homogenous weld
b) Transition weld
c) Autogenous weld
d) Heterogeneous weld

145) A material (base metal, weld metal, or granular


material) placed at the root of a welded joint for
the purpose of supporting molten weld metal as?
a) Gouging
b) Backing
c) Brazing
d) Buttering

146) The typical value of OCV is ?


a) 10-20v
b) 20-40v
c) 50-90v
d) 100v

147) The use of a non-consumable electrode and


inert shielding gas produces the highest quality
welds of any open arc in which welding process?
a) MIG/MAG
b) SMAW
c) GTAW
d) SAW

148) In a tensile test, A cross-sectional


dimensions are 25mm x 20mm and load
applied is 150KN. What is the UTS?
a) 450N/mm
b) 333N/mm
c) 300N/mm
d) 500N/mm

149) In a fillet weld, design throat is 8mm


& what is the leg length?
a) 11.2mm
b) 5.6mm
c) 4.8mm
d) 11.8mm

150) Arc air gouging process:


a) Is used for the cutting of a weld preparation
b) Is used for the removal of defective welds
c) Is used for the cutting of non-ferrous materials
only
d) Is used for the cutting of ferrous materials only

151) Preheat temperatures are arrived by


taking into consideration by the following
as?
a) Heat input
b) Carbon equivalent value
c) Thickness of the material
d) All of the above

152) Which phase transforms to martensite


upon rapid cooling?
a) Ferrite
b) Perlite
c) Cementite
d) Austenite

153) Why are local heat treatments


applied for weldment?
a) To improve mechanical properties
b) To change micro-structure
c) To reduce residual stress level
d) All of the above

154) In C-Mn steels which heat treatment


hold by the furnace cooling is applied
for?
a) Normalizing
b) Annealing
c) Quenching
d) tempering

155) In C-Mn steels which heat treatment


hold by the Air cooling is applied for?
a) Normalizing
b) Annealing
c) Quenching
d) tempering

156) The metal to be protected is like sandwich


between two layers of the coating metal and the
sandwich is rolled to the required thickness is?
a) Penetration
b) Cladding
c) Deposition
d) backing

157) 316 material means ?


a) Causes solidification cracking
b) Low coefficient of thermal expansion
c) Excellent toughness at low
temperatures
d) None of the above

158) Which NDT method does not requires


permanent record?
a) Radiography
b) Magnetic particle inspection
c) Ultrasonic inspection
d) Visual inspection

159) In GMAW, inductance is used in


which metal transfer to reduce/ help to
spatters?
a) Pulse in MAG
b) Dip in MAG
c) Spray in MIG
d) DIP in MIG

160) The amount of moisture present in


the shielding gas by checking dew point
is?
a) Above -5c
b) Below -60c
c) Above -30c
d) Below -5c

161) What is the reason for applying solution


treatment to prevent the?
a) Lamellar tearing
b) Solidification crack
c) Weld decay
d) HAZ cracking

162) Tensile testing?


a) To measure Ductility
b) To measure Re & Rm of the material
c) To measure Re only
d) All of the above

163) In which position weaving need to be done?


a) PA
b) PC
c) PG
d) PF

164) In which position, high risk of fume


inhalation?
a) PA
b) PE
c) PC
d) PF

165) If welder is weaving excessively, wider weld


width is restricted due to?
a) Low heat input
b) HAZ cracking
c) High heat input
d) All of the above

166) In GMAW process, for carbon steels which


gases is preferable to?
a) 100% argon
b) 100% co2
c) Argon & 2% co2
d) All of the above

167) In GMAW, the typical gas mixtures for Carbon


manganese steels is?
a) 98% argon + 2% co2
b) 80% argon + 15-20% co2
c) 100% co2
d) 100% argon

168) Which welding process and mode is more


susceptible to lack of sidewall fusion?
a) MAG in Dip
b) SAW DC+
c) MAG in Spray
d) TIG Pulsed

169) Drag & kerf terms related to?


a) Manual metal arc welding
b) Submerged arc welding
c) Oxy-fuel gas cutting
d) Gas metal arc welding

170) In cutting process, the pure oxygen reacts


with iron, that has been preheated to its ignition
point, to produce the oxide Fe3O4 by which
reaction?
a) Endothermic
b) Exothermic
c) Chain
d) Cathodic

171) A medium carbon steel weld should be


inspected?
a) As soon as it is safe to do so
b) When the welder is finished
c) 48 hours after completion
d) After NDT examination

172) Plasma cutting applied to?


a) Carbon steels
b) Stainless steels
c) Low alloy steels
d) All of the above

173) What is a typical ARC voltage setting when


welding with the TIG (GTAW) process?
a) 18-20v
b) 10-12v
c) 20-24v
d) 80-90v

174) A document that is established by consensus &


approved by a recognized body and process for
common and repeated use, guidelines, rules,
characteristics for activities or their results, aimed
at the achievement of the optimum degree of
order in a given context is called?
a) Specification
b) Standard
c) Document
d) Regulation

175) Before starting to weld with a LH type electrode,


you find out that the baking oven on the shop floor is
not operating. The electrodes are heated by shortcircuiting them on the plate. In such a situation, your
action will be?
a) To stop the welding until the oven is operating and the
electrodes are baked correctly
b) To proceed with the welding using the above technique to
save time until the oven is operating
c) To report to the management when you have time and a
their advice
d) To suggest using an alternate electrode

176) During visual inspection, magnification is


sometimes used, what is the maximum level?
a) X8-X10
b) X2-X5
c) X4-X6
d) Above 10X

177) Sulphur and copper are elements that can make steel
weld metal sensitive to solidification cracking if they are
present in the weld at relatively high levels. Sulphur
contamination may lead to the formation of?
a) Iron sulphides that remain liquid when the bead has
cooled as low as ~1100oC
b) Iron sulphides that remain liquid when the bead has
cooled as low as ~1400oC
c) Iron sulphides that remain liquid when the bead has
cooled as low as ~980oC
d) Iron sulphides that remain liquid when the bead has
cooled as low as ~900oC

178) For the structure termed martensite to form in a


C-Mn steel it must first be heated to:
a) Just below its lower critical temperature and rapidly
cooled
b) A maximum temperature of 550 0C then rapidly
cooled
c) Above its upper critical temperature and slowly
furnace cooled
d) A full transformation to austenite then rapidly
cooled

179) Concerning weldability of carbon steels which


of the following statements is true?
a) Material grade influences weldability
b) Increasing carbon content makes welding
easier
c) Thicker plates can be welded more easily then
thinner plates
d) All of the above

180) High intensity energy beams are associated


with which of the following welding processes?
a) Laser
b) Electron beam
c) Plasma
d) All of the above

181) On some applications (i.e. Cladding


operations) by SAW, DC electrode negative is
needed to:
a) Increase penetration and dilution
b) Reduce penetration and dilution
c) Reduce penetration and increase dilution
d) Increase penetration and reduce dilution

182) Which one of these joints would be more


susceptible to lamellar tearing?
a) U butt
b) Vee butt
c) Double Vee butt
d) Compound weld

183) The main problem with solution heat


treatment of stainless steel is that?
a) Controlling the rate of the temperature rate
b) Controlling the cooling rate
c) The length of the soak period
d) High risk of distortion

184) What course of action should be taken upon finding


a welder using incorrect welding consumables?
a) Report the incident and record all relevant information
b) Allow welding to proceed if the workmanship is good
c) None if the tensile strength of the consumable is the
same as the approved
d) Change the electrode for the correct type and continue
welding

185) Cathodic cleaning is used to remove?


a) Sign waves
b) Oxides(oxide layer)
c) Surface inclusions
d) Low melting point compounds

186) What is duty cycle?


a) A productivity value given as the % of time a
conductor can carry a current
b) A safety value given as the as the % of time a
conductor can carry a current
c) A quality value given as the as the % of time a
conductor can carry a current
d) The percentage (%) of arc time in a given time
span

187) Half life is a term used to describe


a) The penetrating ability of a gamma ray source
b) Half the time a gamma source will be useful
c) The time taken for the gamma source to reduce
the strength by half
d) The time of decay of an X-ray tube.

188) A high level of surface cleaning is important


prior to penetrant testing in order to
a) Reduce the amount of penetrant used
b) Reduce the level of false indications
c) Ensure a good bond for the developer
d) Improve the viscosity of the penetrant

189) With which of the following NDE processes is


it possible to detect both surface and slight subsurface defects up to 2mm below the surface
a) Visual
b) Dye penetrant
c) Magnetic particle using DC
d) Magnetic particle using AC

190) With the DPI method of inspection, after the


contact time has elapsed the dye should remove
a) Spraying the surface with the remover till all dye
has gone then wipe with a clean cloth
b) Spraying with the developer then wiping with a
cloth
c) Wipe clean, using a lint free cloth soaked in a
solvent remover
d) It doesnt matter how it is done as long as all
traces of dye are removed

191) A butt Weld has been made by MMA in a 50mm thick


impact tested steel plate. The welding was a basic
types, 5mm diameter. The measured welding
parameters for one of the weld runs 220 amps 21 volts,
using DC+ve polarity, and a ROL of 270mm per min.
What would be the are sufficient information given to
calculate the arc energy
a) Insufficient information given to calculate the arc
energy
b) 1.54 kJ/mm
c) 1.026 kJ/mm
d) 2.82 kJ/mm

192) Slag lines found in MMA welds are usually


associated with:
a) The voltage being too low
b) The open circuit current being too high
c) Improper cleaning between weld runs
d) Low open circuit voltage

193) What is mean by necking region?


a) After failure takes place
b) Before failure takes region
c) Ultimate tensile strength
d) None of the above

194) What is the first stage of tensile specimen


testing is?
a) Elastic stage
b) Plastic stage
c) Deformed stage
d) UTS stage

195) A plug weld and a spot weld differ in which of


the following
a) A plug weld has a hole in one member
b) A spot weld has a hole in one member
c) A spot weld is an arc weld
d) A plug weld is a friction weld

196) What is the greatest advantage of


radiographic inspection over ultrasonics
inspection
a) Can be done by anywhere
b) Can give you a three dimensional of the
imperfection
c) Can be used on any material
d) Equipment is cheaper to purchase

197) A tensile test was 120mm long before testing


and after testing the length was 135mm long.
When is the percentage elongation?
a) 20%
b) 15%
c) 10%
d) 12.5%

198) In a fillet weld fracture test, the specimen is


broken with
a) The fillet weld in tension
b) The fillet weld in compression
c) No specific method needs to be adopted
d) Suitable machining

199) In a transverse tensile test, if the break was


in the weld metal, the sample would be:
a) Acceptable if the UTS is equal to or greater
than the specified UTS of the plate
b) Acceptable if the UTS is equal to or greater
than the specified welding consumable UTS but
below the minimum UTS of the parent material
c) Rejected
d) Retested

200) When examining a completed bend test the angle of


the bend was found to be 185 0. The testing specification
calls for the sample to have been formed through 180 0
a) They should be acceptable as the standard refers to
minimum forming angle
b) The bends should be considered as failed
c) Non bends should be produced and bend to 180 0 then
re-examined
d) They should be rejected as the angle is not close
enough to be acceptable

201) When transverse tensile testing a welded


joint the excess weld metal is often removed.
This action is done to:
a) Allow the test piece to fit accurately into the
equipment
b) Reduce stress concentrations to the weld toes.
c) Allow strain gauges to be placed over the weld
face area.
d) Allow weld metal ductility to be measured.

202) IN a transverse WELD tensile test, If the


break was in the parent material, the
sample would be:
a) Rejected
b) Acceptable if the UTS is equal to or greater
than the specified UTS of the plate
c) Retested
d) Acceptable if the UTS 80-90% of the
specified UTS of the plate

203) E7018:
a) Is a basic low hydrogen electrode containing iron
powder
b) Is a rutile electrode containing iron powder
c) Is a cellulosic electrode suitable for welding in all
positions
d) Is a basic electrode depositing weld metal yield
strength of at least 70,000psi

204) EN 2560, what does the number 50 represent


in the following electrode classification? [E50 3
1Ni b 160 0 1 H5]
a) A minimum of 50N/mm yield strength
b) A minimum of 500N/mm tensile strength
c) A minimum of 50000psi yield strength
d) None of the above

205) Heat input:


a) If too low may lead to a reduction in toughness,
entrapped hydrogen & low hardness
b) If too low may lead to high hardness, lack of
fusion & entrapped hydrogen
c) If too low may lead to entrapped hydrogen, low
toughness & high ductility
d) If too low may lead to lack of fusion, low
toughness & a reduction in ductility

206) What is operating factor?


a) A productivity value given as the % of time a
conductor can carry a current
b) A safety value given as the as the % of time a
conductor can carry a current
c) A quality value given as the as the % of time a
conductor can carry a current
d) The percentage (%) of arc time in a given time
span

207) Prior to commencing production welding using


the MAG (GMAW) you notice the earth clamp is in
a very poor condition, what would you do?
a) Nothing
b) Insist the welder have it replaced before
commencing welding
c) It will not affect the welding so wait until it
eventually melts off then have it replaced
d) It will be OK for welding but ensure that nobody
touches it because they may get burnt

208) The welders have increased the electrode stickout length of the SAW set, what would be the
effect on the weld?
a) No effect
b) The weld width would be narrower
c) Penetration will be increased
d) The weld width would be wider

209) Which of the following inspection points is


most critical in affecting arc conditions during the
spray transfer MAG welding (135) process?
a) All electrical connections and contacts
b) Gas flow rate
c) Inductance settings
d) Electrode coating type

210) Due to the high heating effect in the electrode


when TIG welding (141) with AC it is important that
a tungsten electrode used for AC welding is:
a) Ground to a fine vertex angle of < 300 before
welding
b) Used straight from the packet without any
grinding
c) Lightly ground to a slight chamfer (corners only
removed)
d) Used without grinding and baked at 3000c for an
hour before use

SMAW and GMAW


GTAW and GMAW
GMAW and SAW
SMAW and SAW

211) Metal powder additions to increase deposition


efficiencies are used in which welding
processes?
a) SMAW and GMAW
b) GTAW and GMAW
c) GMAW and SAW
d) SMAW and SAW

212) Considering the shielding gases argon, helium


and carbon dioxide for the GMAW process, which
of following is NOT true?
a) They can all produce spray transfer
b) They are always suitable for all position welding
c) They all produce heavy spatter in DC+
d) All of the above

213) The deposition rate of the FCAW process is


widely accepted as being?
a) Higher than the GMAW process
b) Lower than the GMAW process
c) The same as the GMAW process
d) Higher or lower depending on welding position

214) The melting rate of the wire in the GMAW,


FCAW processes depends on?
a) Voltage per unit length
b) Shielding gas flow rate
c) Current density
d) Ampere per unit length of the wire

215) Which one of these values would be more


susceptible to lamellar tearing?
a) Greater than 20%
b) Less than 20%
c) 30% above
d) They would all be susceptible

216) Of the following heat treatments which will be


the most effective in reducing the chances of HIC?
a) Stress relieving after 6 days
b) Post heating and stress relieving after one day
c) Post heating and immediate stress relieving
d) Post heating

217) With regards to lamellar tearing buttering layer


will?
a) Improve toughness
b) Improve Hardness
c) Improve ductility
d) None of the above

218) Reference to any inspection hold point


during manufacture will be contained within
the?
a)
b)
c)
d)

Quality manual
QA procedure
Quality plan
Standards

219) Why are welding procedures produced? To


check:
a) Quality
b) Mechanical properties
c) The capabilities of the welders
d) both a & b

210) Usually liquid penetrant testing is applicable at


a temperature range of approximately
a) 0-100oC
b) 5-90oC
c) 20-60oC
d) 5-60oC

221) Which of the following IS true?


a) If run out length reduces heat input decreases
b) If run out length increase heat input increase
c) If weaving is reduces heat input increase
d) None of the above

222) Thoriated tungsten electrodes have the major


disadvantage of?
a) Being very costly
b) Being radioactive in nature
c) Having lower melting points
d) Being scarcely available

223) Who should have access to the WPQRs?


a) NDT operators
b) Inspectors only
c) Welders only
d) Welding engineer

224) Who should select the specific welds for NDT, to


cover the 10% contractual percentage required by
the specification/Code?
a) Anyone can select the welds as its just a random
choice
b) The welder, as he knows which welds are likely to
produce the least defects
c) This will be referenced in the inspection and test
plan
d) Nobody, as welding is always carried out to a high
standard the use of percentage NDT is of no real
value

225) Rutile electrodes are often sold packed in


cardboard box covered with a plastic film, if upon
opening you found they were damp and the ends
were rusty what course of action would you
recommend:
a) Use them as rutile electrodes are only for general
purpose welding.
b) Re-dry them at 125C and issue to the shop floor
c) Quarantine them
d) Only use them for tack welding

226) An advantage of the SAW process is that:


a) It can be used in the vertical down (PG) position
b) Little or no ozone or UV light is produced/emitted.
c) It is not affected by arc blow
d) It is not prone to solidification cracking

227) When welding medium carbon steel plates over


90mm in thickness would require any pretreatment before use?
a) None if they were in a vacuum pack
b) None if they were used in a factory
c) Heat to 5000C for 2 hours if used outside
d) Baked at 1500C for 4 hours prior to use

228) Standards on the same subject approved by


different standardizing bodes, that establish inter
changeability of products, processes and
services, or mutual understanding of test results
or information provided according to these
standards are called:
a) Codes of practice
b) Harmonized standards
c) Quality plan
d) Quality management systems

229) In replacing intermittent fillet welds, BS EN


22553 and AWS 2.4 differ in?
a) The way in which staggering is structure
b) The plot distance definition
c) Both the above
d) None of the above

230) One of the advantages of ultrasonic inspection


in relation to radiographic testing to:
a) Access is generally only required from one side
(surface)of the component being tested
b) The designated work area must be closed off by
barriers, therefore safety is increased
c) Thin materials can be easily examined
d) A permanent image of the defect can be
obtained

231) Clustered porosity found internally in the body


of an MMA weld is usually associated with:
a) Poor inter-pass cleaning
b) The open circuit current being too high
c) Poor stop start technique or damp electrode
coating
d) Low open circuit voltage

232) Which type of weld is not a Butt Weld type?


a)
b)
c)
d)

View A
View B
View C
View D

233) A butt weld was produced in a 40mm steel


plate, the electrode type was basic and the
diameter 4mm. The welding parameter used for
one of the welding runs was 190 amps, 24 volts
and a ROL of 120mm/min. What is the arc
energy for that weld run?
a)
b)
c)
d)

1.91KJ per mm
0.98KJ per mm
2.28KJ per mm
Not enough information to calculate arc energy

234) An 80mm diameter pipe, 10mm wall thickness


is to be radio graphed using the double wall
single image technique. The source to be used is
Iridium. Which of the following statement is true?
a) It should not be done as the thickness is below
that recommended
b) It would be better to use a cobalt 60 source in
this instance
c) There is no problem with the technique.
d)

The preferred method is the double wall, double


image technique.

235) Cross sectional area dimensions are shown


according to EN 22553
a) To the left of the symbol
b) To the right of the symbol
c) Under the reference line
d) In the tail at the end of the

236) You notice the welders are adjusting the


current on the welding set, is this allowable?
a) Never.
b) The welder has the final say on voltage and
current.
c)

Only if the current is within the range recorded on


the WPS.

d)

As long as the welder has approval from the


welding foreman

237) During Inspection of a fillet weld you notice


slag in the toes of the weld, what action will you
take?
a)
b)
c)
d)

As a fillet weld does not need to be strong slag


will not be a problem
Measure the slag if it is less than 3mm it will not
be a problem
Have the welder remove the slag as this could
mask any discontinuities
Tell the welder to leave the slag in as it will add
strength to the weld

238) For an all weld tensile test, which of the


following is true?
a) The specimen is rectangular in cross section
b) The specimen contains base metal and weld
metal
c)

The specimen is taken in the longitudinal direction

d)

The specimen is taken in the Z direction

239) What unit of measurement is used for


Charpy impact testing?
a)

Joules

b)

N/mm2
KJ/mm
Psi

c)
d)

240) Ductile brittle transformation temperature


of a welded specimen is affected by?
a) Material composition
b) Welding input
c) Pre and post weld heat treatments
d) All of the above

241) Constant voltage:


a) Small change in current
b) large change in current
c) Drooping characteristics
d) Current is constant

242) Constant current:


a) Flat characteristics
b) Current is constant
c) Small change in current
d) Small change in voltage

243) The temperature range over which a steel goes


from having high toughness to low toughness is
called:
a) The critical transformation temperature
b) Ductility dip temperature
c) The bi-model temperature
d) The transition temperature

244) Root concavity:


a) Is mainly caused by excessive back purge
pressure
b) Is a defect not normally associated with TIG or
MIG/MAG welding processes
c) Is only associated with the MMA welding process
d) Cant b detected on a radiography

245) Thermal cutting:


a) A carburizing flame is always preferred for
cutting C/Mn steels
b) An oxidizing flame is always preferred for
cutting C/Mn steels
c) A reducing flame is always preferred to cutting
C/Mn steels
d) A neutral flame is always preferred to cutting
C/Mn steels

246) NDT:
a) UT would be the least effective method on
austenitic stainless steels butt weld
b) RT would be the least effective method on
austenitic stainless steels butt weld
c) PT would be the least effective method on
austenitic stainless steels butt weld
d) MPT would be the least effective method on
austenitic stainless steels butt weld

247)An
a)
b)
c)
d)

undesirable property of aluminum oxide


residue, when welding is that it:
Decreases weld pool fluidity
Requires more heat to melt compared to
aluminum
Causes the welder to travel too quickly
The presence of the oxide makes aluminum
impossible to weld

248) SAW welding process:


a) Centre line porosity may be caused by damp flux
b) Centre line porosity may be caused by
contamination on the weld preparations
c) Centre line porosity may be caused by incorrect
flux depth
d) All of the above

249) Thermal cutting:


a) Local hardening can be reduced by increasing
the cutting speed
b) Local hardening can be reduced by the use of
propane as a fuel gas
c) Local hardening can be reduced by pre-heating
the material to be cut
d) All of the above

250) What is the purpose of a rectifier in a welding


sets electrical circuit?
a) To keep the arc stable when using low current
settings
b) To convert DC to AC current
c) To initiate the arc at start-up
d) To convert AC to DC current

251)Duplex stainless steels:


a) Can be sometimes referred to as martensite
stainless steels
b) Can be sometimes referred to as ferritic
/Austenitic stainless steels
c) Can be sometimes referred to as 316L stainless
steels
d) All of the above