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PRESENTATION FOR URBAN

DESIGN
SECTOR 17,CHANDIGARH

Central Business District,


Amritsar.

LOCATION & APPROACH

This city center in sector 17 is situated in the heart of the city where if capital complex is considered as the head, the industrial area as the
left hand and university as the right hand.

The site is accessible by the arterial roads and MADHYA MARG on the North West.
The city center is the most popular and vibrant commercial area in Chandigarh.
SITE ACCESSIBILITYDistance from Railway Station8.8km
Distance from Bus Stand-2.8km
Distance from Sukhna Lake5.7km
Distance from Airport- 13.2km

Site=280Acres
0
80

SITE-

Sector 17 has a total site area of 280 acres.


Site dimensions are 1200m x 800m.
The site is surrounded by V2 and V3 roads,

00
2
1

Bus Stand

V2 roads i.e

Madhya marg. Udyog marg, jan marg and Himalayan marg on


north east, south west and south east respectively. .

V4 shopping streets bisect the sector.

Case Study-17 Sector, Chandigarh

Sukhna Lake

Dove of
Peace,
Heart of
Central
piazza

SITE CHARACTER AND SITE ORIENTATION

Central Business District,


Amritsar.

Total Site Area- 280 acre


Topography- SITE is quadrilateral in
shape with primarily flat terrain.
The design is site responsive such that it
matches with site character. Taking into
consideration the bustling traffic flow that
surrounds the site, the design of

the

C.B.D was such that there is the proper


segregation of pedestrian and vehicular
traffic.
SITE ORIENTATIONSite is north-south oriented.
Full advantage of N-S orientation is taken.
Building is oriented such that maximum number of Work spaces area
faces N,S,SE,NW direction.
North faade-public face of buildings (Neelam Cinema) glazed to
allow diffuse light
Shows The Impact Of Heights On Urban Form

Case Study-17 Sector, Chandigarh

Central Business District,


Amritsar.

ZONING

Zoning act as an important part in City Centre , so as to make it functionally compactable zone.
Originally to be divided into three zones- Northern and
Southern , by the V4 Shopping Street and Sides
which comprises of high rise buildings.
The basic zoning in the complex is Commercial ,
Administrative And Recreational Zone .

High Rise
Buildings

High Rise
Buildings

Northern
Zone

Southern
Zone

COMMERCIAL ZONE - is the northern division of the


sector which comprises of centralized market area with
the large open area in front . Area 125 acres
AMINISTRATIVE ZONE - is placed in the southern
division of the sector which comprises of the offices ,
district courts .
Area 115 acres
RECREATIONAL ZONE includes theatres, library ,
mela ground . Area 40 acres.
The main shopping area is placed in the centre around a
plaza with peripheral approach roads . Thus the main
plaza acts as the major hub of activities in the centre.
Initially there were three cinemas in the city centre which
acts as nodal points . Out of them two are proposed to
V4 Shopping
be converted into multiplex. 23%
Comm. & Recr.
Street
50%
27%

Case Study-17 Sector, Chandigarh

Area

High Rise
Buildings

ZONING

Central Business District,


Amritsar.
ZONING
The basic zoning in the complex is
commercial, recreational, administrative
and public facility zone.
The offices dominate over the shopping
area.
The hotel have been assigned separate
zones which give it an identity.
FUNCTION SEGREGATION
The Hotel Area
The Administrative Area
The SCOs & Recreational Area
The Office Buildings
Public Services
LegendOffices
Recreation
Residences
Commercial / Office
Informal Areas

Sector
Zoning-

Site is divided into 6


blocks
A,B,C,D,E,F
Interconnected
with
roads and pedestrian
pathways .
Public Amenities
Recreational Area
Shops/Office
Misc. Areas
Roads Area
Open Area
11%
6%
47%

Bus Stand

Informal areas = 41.80 acres i.e.


16.8%
Formal areas =47.89 acres i.e.
Case Study-17 Sector, Chandigarh17.10%

18%
15%

3%

Central Business District,


Amritsar.

SITE LANDMARKS

HOTEL TAJ
ANAND CINEMA
NOW TDI MALL
R.B.I BUILDING
TELEPHONE
EXCHANGE

Fountain, Heart Of Plaza.


KC THEATRE
NOW DEMOLISHED
BANKS

R.B.I Building

TOWN HALL BUILDING


STATE LIBRARY

GPO BUILDING

SCO
NEELAM CINEMA

DOVE OF PEACE

Petrol Filling Station

PETROL FILLING STATION


MELA GROUND

TREASURY
BUILDING
DISTRICT
COURTS
PARADE
GROUND

FOOTBALL STADIUM

BUS STAND
OF SECTOR 17

Neelam Cinema

Parade Ground

Case Study-17 Sector, Chandigarh

Central Business District,


Amritsar.
300

AREA DIVISION

250
200
150
100
View Of Kiosks In
Informal Area

Legend-

Informal
Areas

Site Is To BuiltUp Relationship

Offices
Recreation
Residences
Commercial /
Office
Informal Areas
Bus Stand

View Of Vendors In
Informal Area

Formal
Areas

50
Graph Shows The Relation Of Built-Up Area
0
SiteTArea
Total FloorTo
Area
otal Site Area

Site area- 280 acres


Ground coverage- 51.20 acres
Floor area- 212.50 acres
Total ground coverage is 18.2%
F.A.R. is 0.75
Road area is 62.20 acres
Open spaces are 45.8 acres

Urban Furniture In
Informal Area

Informal areas = 41.80 acres


i.e. 16.8%
Formal areas =47.89 acres i.e.
17.10%
Case Study-17 Sector, Chandigarh

View Of Informal Events In The


Central Piazza

View Of Informal Gatherings


In The Central Piazza
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BUILT OPEN-OPEN BUILT RELATIONSHIP

Open-Built Plan

Large open spaces between buildings-no sense of


enclosure

Built-Open Plan

Shows The Impact Of Shadows and Heights

Case Study-17 Sector, Chandigarh

Central Business District,


Amritsar.
Built to open space ratio in the City
Centre is 1:5 .
Narrow spaces open into the grand
spaces
providing
hierarchy
of
spaces and a visual link between
two parallel blocks.
The excessive open spaces can be
judged by the fact that for 58 high
building nearly 150-200 wide
streets are provided which open up
into piazza of dimension 440 x
560.
Open spaces in front of each block
links the semi-covered corridors
with the outer plaza . This
establishes a good balance between
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the
and interior spaces.
30 exterior
25
20
15
10
5
0

17.6

17.6
8

Graph Shows The Height Variation In The


City Centre In Metres
8

Central Business District,


Amritsar.

BUILT OPEN-OPEN BUILT RELATIONSHIP

57-6

The dimension of the plaza makes the


domination of the built mass difficult and thus
diminishing the enclosure with the built mass.
The corridors make physical connection
between the two blocks and at the same time
create a visual link between two parallel blocks.
The City Centre is having Coarse Grain and
Uniform Texture

240
0
Piazza Between Buildings Out Of Human
Scale

45(1:1)

Built To Open Relationship Out Of Human Scale


No Sense Of Enclosure

Proposed 11 storey high building-157-4

S.C.O.

4 storey

high-57-6

Single

storey

High

high

rise

buildings

on

periphery ht. 85-6

proposed parking-291

North
View Showing Height Of Buildings In Sector-17

Case Study-17 Sector, Chandigarh

south

oriented

buildings

Central Business District,


Amritsar.

CIRCULATION
Two types of circulations are considered :
Vehicular and the pedestrian
Below plan shows the movement of vehicular circulation.
MADHYA MARG-V2

BRIDGE

UDYOG MARG-V2

Case Study-17 Sector, Chandigarh

HIMALAYA MARG-V2

JAN MARG-V2

BRIDGE

ROAD NETWORK AND HEIRCHY


Vehicular circulation The vehicular circulation is predominantly
peripheral with central areas left for pedestrians.
Circulation at site level in the district centre is
mainly the vehicular circulation from the
peripheral V2 roads to service roads which
internal peripheral roads in the city centre .
Earlier the V4 road bisected the sector but now
it has been cut-off for making a plaza.
Vehicular circulation is confined only to the
parking areas .
In order to facilitate the movement of the
vehicular traffic in city centre without interfering
with the pedestrian traffic , two bridges were built
above the pedestrian areas .
Pedestrian circulation The core of city centre is designed on the
pedestrian scale.
There are a number of pedestrian paths which
lead to different piazzas with the largest piazza in
the center of the sector.
The covered colonnaded verandas are provided
in every block which also connects the adjacent
10
buildings.

Central Business District,


Amritsar.

CIRCULATION

CONTINUOUS COVERED CORRIDORS FOR PEDESTRAIN

POLICE

STATION

MOVEMENT

ENTRANCE TO SEC-17

V4 ROAD LEADING TO
AND

ENTRANCE TO PERIPHERAL

V2 ROAD

FROM JAN MARG

HIGH RISE BUILDINGS FROM

FOOTBALL GROUND

V3 ROADS

PERIPHERAL V3
PARADE GROUND FOR
MADHYA MARG

EXHIBITIONS

(V2 ROAD)
PEDESTRAIN PATH TO
BANK SQUARE
FLY OVER (V4 ROAD)
AREA RESERVED FOR

BUS TERMINAL

FUTURE EXPANSION

ENTRANCE FROM
V3 ROAD

LOCATION OF PETROL
PUMPS ON V4 ROAD

ENTRANCE ROAD FROM


CENTRAL

PIAZZA

WITH

SHOPS ON BOTH SIDES,NO


ROADS

IN

PEDESTRAIN

AREAS

Case Study-17 Sector, Chandigarh

NO VEHICULAR ACCESS TO PIAZZA FOR


SAFETY OF PEDESTRAINS
ENTRANCE FROM HIMALAYAN MARG LEADING
TO SHOPS
CIRCULATION PLAN

Note- Roads Marked In Yellow

MADHYA MARG
NOTE-ENTRANCE
THROUGH SIDE ROAD

LANDSCAPING

Number of shady trees are planned in the row in the


central piazza around them built in furniture is
provided

The city centre which once alleged to be the concrete


jungle has now boomed with number of shady trees
arranged in group or aligned in rows.

Central Business District,


Amritsar.
The City Centre which was once alleged to
be the concrete jungle has now bloomed with a
number of shady trees arranged in groups or
aligned in rows.
Interest has been created by creating level
differences and by providing small landscaped
pockets and water bodies .
There are 3 sculptured fountains in centre ,out
of one in front of Neelam Cinema is very
popular with the visitor .
This pedestrians paradise scattered with
fountain ,sculptures and groves of trees , is
blend of cuboids and open spaces .
It is felt that the landscaping features have
greatly enhanced the beauty of the centre but
the area for soft landscape (water bodies
,fountains) is very small as compared to
landscape (concrete paving) these paving in
summers radiate a lot of heat creating
uncomfortable conditions.

Landscaping court
in front of central
library

A specialty in area and the centre of attraction is dove


of peace sculpture where cascades down from one
level to another in geometrically shaped tanks,amidst Dove of Peace
delightful play of colourful lights.

Case Study-17 Sector, Chandigarh

Schematic
Landscape Plan 12

PARKING

Central Business District,


Amritsar.

There are three types of parking provided in the


centre:Open parking
Basement parking
Multi-storeyed parking
Vehicular parking has been provided along with
Open Parking
Parking Out Of Use
each block but people prefer parking under the
Even During Peak
Hours
shade.
Basement Parking: has also been provided. But it
is not used since it is dark and dingy. Also a serious
problem of water drainage occurs as rain water
enters the parking space. So it is completed out of
use.
Multi-storeyed Parking: because of shortage of
Shaded Parking
parking space and increasing congestion , multistoreyed parking will be provided. It is under
Open And Basement Parking
construction.
AREA STATEMENTArea under the roads-62.2 acres
(15.4%)
Total parking area 30.0 acres
(11%)
Surface parking 24.4 acres
Basement parking-5.58 acres
Parking Required as/ 2
Parking Under Construction
Two Wheeler Parking
ECS=17000cars

Case Study-17 Sector, Chandigarh

Parking Provided=5300cars

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Central Business District,


Amritsar.

PARKING
Parking for shop keepers on the back

Parking not sufficient for


visitors coming from Jan
Marg

side and service entrance for SCOs

No
separate
parking
for
parade ground

Sufficient
parking
for
football ground
Perfectly
located parking
for bus stand
results
in
efficient usage.
Common parking for
mela and football
Main two and four wheeler
ground.
parking for the shopping area,
insufficient during evening
hours

Plan Showing Parking Areas

Case Study-17 Sector, Chandigarh

Basement parking in high traffic zone although not in use,


thus creating shortage

Parking for Reserve


Bank of India across
the road
Open
Parking
for
Anand Cinema, used
only
during
peak
hours.
Combined parking for
Jagat Cinema and
offices-only
four
wheelers.
Open Parking for K.C.
Cinema
Parking enclosed by
buildings
on
all
sides- no covered
parking
even
for
Basement parking forstaff.
municipal office due
to large number of visitors. Two wheeler
parking not as per requirement, hence
results in congestion during peak hours
Pedestrian areas used for parking in
some areas due to little level
difference between the two.
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HUMAN INTENSITY MODEL


The below plan shows the more concentration in areas where food courts
and branded items and informal activities are been taken i.e. Central
Piazza.

less

Ideal

less

View of the piazza at


12:30 pm

more

Percent-age of
persons

Central Business District,


Amritsar.

Timings

From the above fig we could analysis the fact


that human intensity increase after 2:30
At the evening the maximum footprints are
seen in Central Piazza and light shopping
areas and also in recreational zones like
Neelam Cinema and play area etc.

View of the piazza at


1:30 pm

View of the piazza at


3:30 pm

Case Study-17 Sector, Chandigarh

View of the piazza at


2:30 pm

View of the piazza at


4:30 pm
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Central Business District,


Amritsar.

AREAS OF VARIOUS LANDUSAGE


S.N
O.

BUILDING

GROUND
COVERAGE
(ACRES)

%AGE

FLOOR AREA

1.

S.C.O.

20.86

7.45

58.6

2.

BANK

3.4

1.21

13.6

3.

CINEMAS

3.2

1.14

4.

PETROL PUMP

2.4

0.86

2.4

5.

MULTISTOREY OFFICES

22.6

8.07

70.8

6.

HOTELS

21.4

7.64

55.6

7.

LIBRARY

1.1

0.39

2.8

8.

BUS STAND

14.6

5.21

1.2

Different land usage governs

9.

FOOTBALL GROUND

4.1

1.46

--

their different identity in the

10.

COURTS

1.8

0.64

3.8

district centre.

11.

ROADS

62.2

22.21

--

12.

PARKING

30.2

10.79

--

13.

PAVEMENT

29.5

10.54

--

14.

OPEN

45.8

16.36

--

15.

ADMINISTRATIVE

4.5

1.61

6.4

16.

MISCELLANEOUS

2.7

0.96

1.9

Source- Sketch by author

Case Study-Janakpuri District Centre, New Delhi

16

Central Business District,


Amritsar.

NORMS ANAYLSIS
CONSIDERATION
S

REQUIRED
AS
PER
NORMS

ACHIEVED

Total no of parking
spaces as per ECS

17000
(as per DDA
norms- 2 ECS)

5300

Space per car

2.4 m X 4.8 m
(Source:
Neufert)

2.4m x 5.0
m

Minimum Width of
two way road

6m
(source :TSS)

8m

Minimum
radius

5m
(source :TSS)

5.2 m
corners

CONSIDERATION
S

REQUIRED
AS
PER
NORMS

ACHIEVED

F.A.R

1-1.5

.75

GROUND COVERAGE

40%

18.2%

HEIGHT

40M max.

28M

turning

ANALYSI
S

TWOTYPES OF PARKING:
Surface Parking:
Area 24.4 acres = 8.7%
Basement Parking: provision for 5.58 acres
ROAD AREA= 22.3%
OPEN AREA=45.8%
For Individual Office Building

in

ANAYLSI
S

Case Study-Janakpuri District Centre, New Delhi

D.D.A
NORMS

MALE

FEMALE

Water
closet

One for
every 25
persons

One
for
every 15
persons

Urinals

3 for 71

100
pers.

-------

Wash
basin

1 for 25
persons

1 for 25
persons

Drinking

ANALYSIS

1 for 75 persons
SHOPS

OFFICES

Cars

2.5/100 sq.m

1/100 sq.m

Two wheeler

5/100 sq.m

2/100 sq.m

Cycle

1.25/100 sq.m

1.5/100 sq.m
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Central Business District,


Amritsar.

ANALYSIS
S.N
O.

ASPECT

CASE STUDY17 SECTOR, CHANDIGARH

1)

LOCATION

Located at the intersection of


Madhya Marg and Jan Marg. The
centre is designed to cater the
whole Chandigarh.

Location wise the 17Sector caters app. the


whole
Chandigarh
because it is located in
the heart of the city

2)

SITE

Area =280 acre


Height up to=7 storey

High
Open
Spaces
dominates
the
City
centre .

3)

LAND USE

The
basic
land
use
is
the
commercial having shops in
majority , offices , administration
and recreational playing area.
Office Towers

4)

ZONING

The design gives adequate frontage


to the shops . offices have been
placed on the upper floors while
lower floor is for shops.
Public Zone

IMAGE

ANAYLSIS

Scos With
Recreational
Courts

Appropriate
recreational
facilities
(i.e. cinemas) and the
Open Piazzas act most
appropriately
to
informal sector.
Zoning is defined in C.C
giving
adequate
privacy to important
areas like offices and
hotel.
Private Zone

Case Study-17 Sector, Chandigarh

18

Central Business District,


Amritsar.

ANALYSIS
S.NO
.

ASPECT

CASE STUDY17 SECTOR, CHANDIGARH

IMAGE

ANAYLSIS

5)

PARKING

3 types of parkingSurface parking


Basement parking
Multistoried parking

Parking is not adequately


designed. According to
present ECS the parking
is not sufficient.

6)

CLIMATIC
CONCERN

Concrete louvers have been


provided. Building rise in height
towards
the
centre
of
development . Courtyard type of
planning .

The veranda height of


SCO is excessive which
allows the harsh summer
sun to enter the shops
hence
creating
discomfort.

7)

CIRCULATION

Vehicular traffic
avoided inside.

is completely

Pedestrian traffic is fully


segregated
from
the
vehicular
traffic
by
means of bridges.

8)

MATERIAL

The exposed concrete is used in


the whole City centre.

The
district
centre
convey its identity thru
its material, but excess
Remarks
concrete
results
in
formation of Heat Inland
Appropriate
during summers.

Aspect

17 Sector

Shops Area

10-35sqm

Parking

350
Cars
Scooters

Height

8m-26m

High Rise Concept

Staircase
Width

2-2.5m

Appropriate

Corridor
Width

2-3.8m

Appropriate

Case Study-17 Sector, Chandigarh

100

Inefficient

Wide

To

Accommodate

19
Public

ANALYSIS

Central Business District,


Amritsar.

Parking areas have been provided in different areas keeping in


mind the no. Of users.
Basement parking's need to be designed better for frequent
usage.
Large open left out spaces make the future expansion possible.
The approach to the site is from all the four sides which makes it
user friendly.
Circulation within the site is very well done which keeps the
traffic moving even during the peak hours.
The high rise buildings on the periphery are oriented at such an
angle the most of the windows open towards north and south and
there are no openings on the western side.
Proper ramps are provided with adequate slope to facilitate
disable friendly movement.
The zoning of the site is done in such a way that each type of
activity has no link with others and hence efficient working is
possible.
The covered colonnaded verandas are provided in every block
which also connects the adjacent buildings protecting from
extreme climates.
The dimensions of the piazza are out of human scale which
results in lack of sense of enclosure
The verandas height of S.C.O. Is excessive which allows the harsh
summer sun to enter the shops hence creating discomfort.
The City Centre convey its identity thru its material, but excess
concrete results in formation of Heat Inland during summers.
Floors applied by owners in front of their SCOs differs in levels
Study-17
Sector,
Chandigarh
whichCase
disturbs
the ease
of movement.

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