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WELCOME

Sub : DENTAL CHAIR

CONTENTS

SUBJECT
INTRODUCTION
HISTORY OF DENTAL CHAIR
MAIN UNITS OF DENTAL
CHAIR

INTRODUCTION
A dental engine is a large chair-side appliance (often including the chair
itself) for use in a dentist's office. At minimum, a dental engine serves as
a source of mechanical or pneumatic power for one or more handpieces.
Typically, it will also include a small faucet and a spit-sink, which the
patient can use for rinsing, as well as one or more suction hoses, and a
compressed air/irrigation water nozzle for blowing or washing debris
clear of the work area in the patient's mouth.
The equipment possibly includes an ultrasonic cleaning appliance, as
well as a small table to hold the instrument tray, a worklight, and possibly
a computer monitor or display.

History Of Dental
Chairs
In 1790 an American dentist named Josiah Flagg created the
first ever head rest for dental chairs that would keep the
head in a fixed position during the dental procedure. His
design was used for a long time, until the reclining chair was
born, some forty years later.

The next revolution came from London when James Snell


designed the first fully adjustable dental chair. However, his
design was still limited and allowed only for minimal adjustments
and no adjustments were possible for the head support.

Finally, in 1867 another British doctor, James Beall patented the


first dental chair. This model had many new and useful
features like footrest, an accessible foot pedal and vertical
adjustment. James Beall also invented a number or dental
accessories and instruments. This chair was extremely useful for
procedures like extractions and fillings and the treatment of

MAIN PARTS

DENTAL
INSTRUMENTS

HANDPICES
AIR MOTOR
AIR WATER SYRINGE
SCALER
LIGHT CURE
HIGH VACCUM SUCTION
LOW VACCUM SUCTION

DENTIST SIDE

Starting on the left: air-water syringe, slow speed handpiece,


two high speed handpieces, chair controls

HAND PIECES
HIGH SPEED HAND
PIECE (With maximum RPM
400000)

Low SPEED HAND


PIECE (With maximum
RPM 40000)

AIR MOTOR AND AIR


WATER SYRINGE

AIR MOTOR

AIR WATER
SYRINGE

DENTAL SCALER

FOOT CONTROL

ASSISTAND SIDE
ELEMENTS

Saliva ejector on the left.


High volume evacuator in the
middle.

Operators Light

Dental Stools

Assistants stool with foot rest & abdominal support on


left.
Doctors stool with back support on right.

MAJOR COMPALINTS
OCCURE IN DENTAL
CHAIR
1.
2.

AIR LEAKAGE
WATER LEAKAGE

Curing Light

Triturator /
Amalgamator

Viewbox / Lightbox

Radiography Unit

Radiograph processors

Automatic processor on the left.


Processor with daylight loader on the right.

Ultrasonic Cleaner

Autoclave