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BIOMECHANICS

Irfannuddin

BIOMECHANICS
The study of the mechanical laws relating to the
movements or structure of the living system
The study of the mechanics of the living body,
especially of the forces exerted by muscles and
gravity on the skeletal structure
The knowledge and methods of mechanics are
applied to the structure and function the living
system

Objectives
Some of mechanics principle for
musculoskeletal system
Kinesiology
Anatomy & mechanics application in movements

Inertia
Inertia laws = Newton laws no. I
- Every body continues in a state of rest, or
uniform motion in a straight line, except in
so far as it may be compelled by impressed
forces to change that state
- Or, a body will remain at rest unless put
into motion by some force
- And a body that is in motion will remain in
motion until brought to rest by an opposing
force

How is his inertia ?

FORCE
The quantity to change or tended to
change (motion)/potition of mass

Force Systems
1. Linear forces: 1 line
2. Parallel forces: 1 area/surface, not in 1
line (coplanar)
rotation effects
3. Concurrent forces
From 1 point, spreading (pectorals)

Effects of force for materials


Compression
Push in 1 line
Tension
Pull in 1 line
eq. stretching
Shear
2 parallels not in one line
What forces causing injure ?

STRESS
Deformation because of compression
STRAIN
Deformation because of tension