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ELECTRICAL

INSTALLATIO
N PLANNING
LSEGG307A
9080F

Lesson Content
Describe the acceptable methods for
determining the maximum demand on an
installations consumers mains.
Calculate the maximum demand for the
consumer's mains for given installations up to
400 A per phase.

What is Maximum
MD
Demand?
Is the Maximum continuous current that flows in a
circuit for a period of 15 minutes or longer
AS/NZS 3000
1.6.3

Why not just put a cable size in, that will handle the
current rating for the maximum current rating of the
appliance?

What is Maximum Demand?


Domestic stove rated at 5kW

Max current = 22A


Min cable size = 6mm2
By calculation
Max current = 16A
Min cable size = 2.5mm2

AS/NZS 3000
Table C4

MD can be determined
by:
AS/NZS 3000
2.2.2.

Calculation
Assessment
Measurement
Limitation

If the measured current is larger than any of the


listed methods, then the MD is considered the
measured value

MD of Mains &
Submains
AS/NZS 3000
Clause 2.2.2 (d)

may be the .sum of the current settings of


the circuit breakers protecting the associated
final sub-circuits.

m
u
MD of Mains & Submains
m
i
in
m
2
10+10+16+16+3
By
Calculation
a
16mm2 ify
m
2=
c 36
m Amps
84 Amps
e
6
p
1
MD =
?f
s
2
s
2.5mm
o
10mm2
e e
i
t
i iz
r
20 metres tho le s
46 metres
a u ca b
y s
l
p in
p
10A
10A 16A 16A
32A
u
a
s mL1 L2
t
P1
P2
Stove
s
o
M
Domestic House

So how do we calculate
MD?

Domestic Table C1
Non-domestic Table C2
Non- domestic Energy Demand
Table C3

So how do we calculate MD?


Column
Single House Table C1
2
Lighting
Load groups Ai &
Aii

Batten holder 1 light


= point
25 lighting points = 1 -20 3 A
= 2A
21 -25
=
5A

So how do we calculate MD?


Column
Single House Table C1
2
Lighting
Load groups Ai &
Aii Number of
Chandelier or Multi-globe
fitting = points
= of
Number
globes

= 3 points

So how do we calculate MD?


Column
Single House Table C1
2
Lighting
Load groups Ai &
Aiim for 1 point
Power points above 2.3
lighting =

Note e

Exhaust fans below 1 point


150W =

So how do we calculate MD?


Column
Single House Table C1
2
Lighting
Load groups Ai &
Alights
ii
Track
Every metre =
= 2 points

Note d
2 x 2.6 metres track
light =

5 points per 10
track = points

So how do we calculate MD?


Column
Single House Table C1
2
Lighting
Load groups Ai &
IXL Tastics,A
Heat
lamps
ii
etc

Not regarded as
Lighting
Fixed Space
Heating
Load Group D

So how do we calculate MD?


Column
Single House Table C1
2
Lighting
Load groups Ai &
Outside ALighting
ii
Floodlighting,
Not lighting around
Swimming Pool,
house walls
Tennis courts, etc
If total bigger
If less than
than 1000W
1000W
Load Group Aii
Load Group Ai

Calculations
A house consists of the
following:

Assume to be <150W

36 light fittings, 3 consisting of 3 lamp combinations


3 bathroom exhaust fans
2 x 750W heat lamp, fan, light combinations
3 x 2metre track lights
12 wall lights around the veranda
6 x 100W bollard lights on driveway
6 x 400W metal halide flood lights for pool
6 x 100 = 600
6 x 400 = 2400

3000 W
230V

Determine the lighting load in

Ai
Ai
D
Ai
Ai
Aii
Aii

33 + (3 x 3) = 42P
3P
3 x 2 x 2 = 12P
12P
13.04A

Calculations
A house consists of the
following:
36 light fittings, 3 consisting of 3 lamp combinations
3 bathroom exhaust fans
2 x 750W heat lamp, fan, light combinations
3 x 2metre track lights
12 wall lights around the veranda
6 x 100W bollard lights on driveway
6 x 400W metal halide flood lights for pool
42P
3P
12P
12P
69P

1 20 =
21 40 =
41 60 =
61 69 =

Ai
Ai
D
Ai
Ai
Aii
Aii

33 + (3 x 3) = 42P
3P
3 x 2 x 2 = 12P
12P
13.04A

3A
2A
2A
2A
9A + 13.04A =

22.04A

3 Light Calculations
Broken up evenly
36 light fittings
3

A B
12 Fittings / 3A 3A

C
3A

Should indicate how it is to be


broken up across the three phases

NOT
36 light fittings = 3A + 2A = 5A
3

A B C
1.6 1.6 1.6

Calculations
A house consists of the
Broken up evenly over 3 Phases
following:
36 light fittings, 3 consisting of 3 lamp combinations
3 bathroom exhaust fans
Divide by 3
2 x 750W heat lamp, fan, light combinations
3 x 2metre track lights
12 wall lights around the veranda
6 x 100W bollard lights on driveway
6 x 400W metal halide flood lights for pool
14P
1P
4P
4P
23P

Ai
Ai
D
Ai
Ai
Aii
Aii

11 + (1 x 3) = 14P
1P
1 x 2 x 2 = 4P
4P
4.35A

1 20 = 3A
21 23 = 2A

5A + 4.35A =

9.35A /

Power Points
Load Group Bi
Double Power Points
36 Double Power Points
6 Single power points

Notes
h
36 x 2 =72P
6P
1 20 =
78P
21 40=
41 60 =
61 78 =

10A
5A
5A
5A

25A

Power Points
Load Group Bi
Notes
h

Double Power Points


36 Double Power Points
6 Single power points

36 x 2 =72P
6P

AND
Other Direct Wired
Equipment that is <10A
Air conditioners
Cook tops
Water heaters

78P

1 20 =
21 40=
41 60 =
61 78 =

10A
5A
5A
5A

25A

Power Points
NOT

Load Group Bii


15 A Power Points

Other Equipment that is


Covered in Load Groups
below
C
Ranges, Laundry equipment
D
Fixed Space Heating or cooling equipment
E & F Water Heaters
G
Spa & Swimming Pool Heaters
15 A Power Points suppling this equipment is covered
under each load group

Calculations
A house consists of the
following:
20 Double power points
8 Single power points
8A swimming pool pump
34 x 15A power points
12A Air-conditioner supplied via a 15A power point
14A Pool heater direct wired

Bi
Bi
Bi
Bii
D
G

Determine the Power point load

20 x 2 = 40P
8P
1P
10A
-

Calculations
A house consists of the
following:
20 Double power points
8 Single power points
8A swimming pool pump
3 x 15A power points
12A Air-conditioner supplied via a 15A power point
14A Pool heater direct wired
40P
8P
1P
49P

Bi
Bi
Bi
Bii
D
G

1 20 = 10A
21 40 = 5A
41 49 = 5A
20A + 10A =

30A

20 x 2 = 40P
8P
1P
10A
-

Load Group C

Cook tops
Wall ovens
Washing machines
Clothes driers

Must be over 10A

If supplied via a power point


That power point is NOT included in Bi, Bii or Biii
An installation
has:
2.3 kW Cook top
4 kW Wall oven

50% of connected Load


6.3 kW of Load Group C
(6300/230) x 0.5 = 13.7A

Load Group D

IXL Tastics Heat lamps


Air conditioners
Heaters
Under floor heating

Must be over 10A

If supplied via a power point


That power point is NOT included in Bi, Bii or Biii
75% of connected Load
If reverse cycle Air-conditioner is used only the
highest system is to be taken into account
Unless it is multi zone, when both heating and
cooling could operate simultaneously

Load Group E &F


Water
Heaters
Load Group E

15 litre heater
with a 2.4kW element
2400/15 =

160 W/L

If greater than 100W/L


300 litre heater
with a 2.4kW element
2400/300 =

8 W/L

33.3% of connected load


Instantaneous
Quick recovery
Load Group F
100% of connected load
Storage
Off peak

Maximum Demand

A house consists of the


A 41 x 50 W down lights
following:
i

Ai
Bi
Bi
C
D
F

2 x 60 W exhaust fans
4 x Single 10 A socket outlets
22 x Double 10 A socket outlets
1 x 10kW range
1 x Permanently connected air conditioner (full load current of 13 A)
1 x 4.6 kW continuous HWS

Maximum Demand

A house consists of the


A 41 x 50 W down lights
following:
43P 3 + 2 + 2 =
i

Ai
Bi
Bi
C
D
F

2 x 60 W exhaust fans
4 x Single 10 A socket outlets
22 x Double 10 A socket outlets
1 x 10kW range
1 x Permanently connected air conditioner (full load current of 13 A)
1 x 4.6 kW continuous HWS

7A

Maximum Demand

A house consists of the


A 41 x 50 W down lights
following:
i

Ai
Bi
Bi
C
D
F

2 x 60 W exhaust fans
4 x Single 10 A socket outlets
44 + 4 = 48P 10 + 5 + 5 =
22 x Double 10 A socket outlets 44P
1 x 10kW range
1 x Permanently connected air conditioner (full load current of 13 A)
1 x 4.6 kW continuous HWS

7A
20A

Maximum Demand

A house consists of the


A 41 x 50 W down lights
following:
i

Ai
Bi
Bi
C
D
F

2 x 60 W exhaust fans
4 x Single 10 A socket outlets
22 x Double 10 A socket outlets
1 x 10kW range (10000/230) x 0.5 =
1 x Permanently connected air conditioner (full load current of 13 A)
1 x 4.6 kW continuous HWS

7A
20A
21.7A

Maximum Demand

A house consists of the


A 41 x 50 W down lights
following:
i

Ai
Bi
Bi
C
D
F

2 x 60 W exhaust fans
4 x Single 10 A socket outlets
22 x Double 10 A socket outlets
1 x 10kW range
1 x Permanently connected air conditioner (full load current of 13 A)
1 x 4.6 kW continuous HWS
13 x 0.75 =

7A
20A
21.7A
9.75A

Maximum Demand

A house consists of the


A 41 x 50 W down lights
following:
i

Ai
Bi
Bi
C
D
F

2 x 60 W exhaust fans
4 x Single 10 A socket outlets
22 x Double 10 A socket outlets
1 x 10kW range
1 x Permanently connected air conditioner (full load current of 13 A)
1 x 4.6 kW continuous HWS 4600/230 =

7A
20A
21.7A
9.75A
20A

Maximum Demand

A house consists of the


A 41 x 50 W down lights
following:
i

Ai
Bi
Bi
C
D
F

2 x 60 W exhaust fans
4 x Single 10 A socket outlets
22 x Double 10 A socket outlets
1 x 10kW range
1 x Permanently connected air conditioner (full load current of 13 A)
1 x 4.6 kW continuous HWS

7A
20A
21.7A
9.75A
20A
78.45A

Uneven 3 Loads
Not all single phase loads will break up evenly over
three phases
But the phases must not be unbalanced by more than
25A

NSW S&IR
Clause 1.10.3

3 Maximum Demand
Ai A 30 x

A house consists of the


Lightfollowing:
points + 2 x Exhaust fans

Ai B 18 x Lights
Aii C 6 x 400W mercury vapour flood lights
Bi A 15 x Double power points (p/p)
Bi B 10 x Single p/p & 15 x Double p/p
Bii C 3 x 15A Single p/p
C A 1 x 4.1kW wall oven
C B 1 x 4.6kW cook top
F C 1 x 3.6kW heat pump HWS
A
D B
C

1 x 5.7kW 3 Air conditioner

3 Maximum Demand
Ai A 30 x

A house consists of the


3+2A =
Lightfollowing:
points + 2 x Exhaust fans 32P

Ai B 18 x Lights

5A
3A

18P

7.83A

Aii C 6 x 400W mercury vapour flood lights ((6x400)230)x0.75 =


Bi A 15 x Double power points (p/p)

30P

Bi B 10 x Single p/p & 15 x Double p/p

10+30P

10+5A =

15A
20A

10+5A =

10A

Bii C 3 x 15A Single p/p


C A 1 x 4.1kW wall oven
C B 1 x 4.6kW cook top
F C 1 x 3.6kW heat pump HWS
A
D B
C

(4100230)x0.5 =

8.91A
10A

(4600230)x0.5 =

15.65A

3600230 =

1 x 5.7kW 3 Air conditioner


(5700x0.75)(3 x400) =

6.17A
6.17A
6.17A

35.1A 39.2A 40.2A

Multiple Domestic
Submains to individual units
Unit 1
MSB

Unit 2
Unit 3

Columns 3, 4 or 5

Column 2

Questions to be
Asked?
How

many units are there?

How

are they spread across the 3 phases?

6 Units
3
18 Units
3
66 Units
3

= 2 Units / Phase Use Colum 3


= 6 Units / Phase Use Colum 4
= 22 Units / Phase Use Colum 5

Maximum Demand
A house consists of the
following:

Ai 26 x Light points

26 + 4 = 30P

Ai 2 metres of light track


2 x 2 = 4P
Aii 2 x 750W flood lights 1500W (1500W/230V)x0.75

4.9A
10A + 5A + 5A = 20A

Bi 26 x Double 10 A socket outlets 26 x 2 = 52P


Bi 5 x Single 10 A socket outlets

3A + 2A = 5A

52 + 5 = 57P

Bii 1 x 15A Single socket outlet

10A

(5600W/230V)x0.5
C 1 x 5.6kW wall oven / cook top
(3600W/230V)x0.75
D 1 x 3.6kW air conditioner

12.2A

F 1 x 2.4kW storage HWS (Heat pump) (2400W/230V)

10.4A

11.7A

74.2A

Multiple Domestic
9 Units consists of the
following:
9 Units
3

= 3 Units / Phase

Use Colum 3

Ai 26 x Light points

6A

Ai 2 metres of light track


Aii 2 x 750W flood lights Not counted
Bi 26 x Double 10 A socket outlets

10A + (5A x 3) = 25A

Bi 5 x Single 10 A socket outlets


Bii 1 x 15A Single socket outlet

10A

C 1 x 5.6kW wall oven / cook top


(3600W/230V) x 0.75 x 3
D 1 x 3.6kW air conditioner

15A

F 1 x 2.4kW storage HWS (Heat pump)

35.2A
6A x 3 = 18A

109A

Multiple Domestic
30 Units consists of the
30following:
Units
3

= 10 Units / Phase Use Colum 4

Ai 26 x Light points

5A + (0.25A x 10) = 7.5A

Ai 2 metres of light track


Aii 2 x 750W flood lights Not counted
Bi 26 x Double 10 A socket outlets

15A + (3.75A x 10) = 52.5A

Bi 5 x Single 10 A socket outlets


Bii 1 x 15A Single socket outlet
C 1 x 5.6kW wall oven / cook top
(3600W/230V) x 0.75 x 10
D 1 x 3.6kW air conditioner
F 1 x 2.4kW storage HWS (Heat pump)

10A
2.8A x 10 = 28A
117A
6A x 10 = 60A

275A

Multiple Domestic
66 Units consists of the
66following:
Units
3

= 22 Units / Phase Use Colum 5

Ai 26 x Light points

0.5A x 22 = 11A

Ai 2 metres of light track


Aii 2 x 750W flood lights Not counted
Bi 26 x Double 10 A socket outlets

50A + (1.9A x 22) = 91.8A

Bi 5 x Single 10 A socket outlets


Bii 1 x 15A Single socket outlet
C 1 x 5.6kW wall oven / cook top
(3600W/230V) x 0.75 x 22
D 1 x 3.6kW air conditioner
F 1 x 2.4kW storage HWS (Heat pump)

10A
2.8A x 22 = 61.6A
258A
100A + (0.8A x 22) =118A

550A

What Happens If The


Number Of Units Is Not
Devisable By 3?
16 Units
3

A
5 Units
Col 3

= 5.33 Units / Phase

B
5 Units
Col 3

C
6 Units
Col 4

But the phases must not be unbalanced by more than 25A


NSW S&IR
Clause 1.10.3

Multiple Domestic
16 Units consists of the
following:
5 Units / A & B

Ai

26 x Light points

Bi

26 x Double 10 A socket outlets

Bi

5 x Single 10 A socket outlets

Use Colum 3
6A
10A + (5A x 5) =

Bii 1 x 15A Single socket outlet

35A

10A

1 x 5.6kW wall oven / cook top

15A

1 x 3.6kW air conditioner (3600W/230V) x 0.75 x 5

58.7A

1 x 2.4kW storage HWS (Heat pump)

52.2A

(2400230V) x 5 =

176.9A

Multiple Domestic
16 Units consists of the
following:
6 Units / C

Ai

26 x Light points

Bi

26 x Double 10 A socket outlets

Bi

5 x Single 10 A socket outlets

Use Colum 4

5A + (0.25A x 6) =

6.5A
15A + (3.75A x 6) = 37.5A

Bii 1 x 15A Single socket outlet

10A

1 x 5.6kW wall oven / cook top

1 x 3.6kW air conditioner

1 x 2.4kW storage HWS (Heat pump)

2.8A x 6 =

(3600230) x 0.75 x 6

16.8A
70.4A

6A x 6 =

36A

177.2A

What Happens If The


Number Of Units Is Not
Devisable By 3?
16 Units
3

A
5 Units
Col 3
176.6A

= 5.33 Units / Phase

B
5 Units
Col 3
176.6A

C
6 Units
Col 4
177.2A

Communal Load
Loads that are used by all the unit dwellers
Driveway/ parking lighting
Stairwell lighting
Power points for cleaners
Lifts
Swimming pool pumps

Multiple Domestic
16 Units have a communal load consists of
the following:
H 20 x 80 W bollard Lights

((20x80)230) + ((30x 60)230) =

14.78A

H 30 x light points
I

15 x Single 10 A socket outlets

2A x15= 30 but maximum of 15A

15A

Ji 1 x 3.6kW HWS for cleaners room (3600230) x 0.5 =

7.8A

Jii 1 x 3.6kW Air conditioner for lobby (3600230) x 0.75 =

15A

D 1 x 12A pool pump/filter

12A

E 1 x 15A lift motor

15 x 1.25 =

18.75A

83.33A
Table C2 Colum
2 circuits could also be divided across
These

Socket outlets

In a FactoryOn each

20 x 10A single power


points
Phase
1000W +

19 x 750W = 15.25kW
15250 230 = 66.3 Amps

In areas with air


20 x 10A single
power points
conditioning
1000W +

19 x 100W = 2.9kW
2900 230 =12.6 Amps

Socket outlets

5 x 10A 3 outlets

Treat as B(i)

1000W + 4 x 750W =

Per Phase

4kW
4000 230 = 17.4
Amps

2 x 32A 3 outlets
5 x 20A 3 outlets

Per Phase

75% x 32A
32A + 24A +

75% x 20A x 5

131Amps

75A =

Motors
In
Factories

2 x 30A 3 motors

3 x 15A 1 motors

1 per phase

75% x 30A 50% x 3 x 15A


30A +

22.5A +

22.5A = 75 Amps

Welders
3

AS/NZS 3000
C2.5.2.2 (b)

x 20A 3 Welders

Majority of welders only use 2 phases


B

W1

W2

Only 2 welders on
each phase

W3
20A + 20A = 40 Amps

Per Phase

Table C3

Use for a Ball Park figure in early planning stages.


Table based on a temperate climate
Office

Floor area = 850m2

Light/Power = 50 VA/m2
Reverse cycle AC =

63.750kVA
3 x 400

25 VA/m2
75 VA/m2 x 850 63.750kVA
=

92
Amps/Phase