INSTALLATIO
N PLANNING
LSEGG307A
9080F
Lesson Content
Describe the acceptable methods for
determining the maximum demand on an
installations consumers mains.
Calculate the maximum demand for the
consumer's mains for given installations up to
400 A per phase.
What is Maximum
MD
Demand?
Is the Maximum continuous current that flows in a
circuit for a period of 15 minutes or longer
AS/NZS 3000
1.6.3
Why not just put a cable size in, that will handle the
current rating for the maximum current rating of the
appliance?
AS/NZS 3000
Table C4
MD can be determined
by:
AS/NZS 3000
2.2.2.
Calculation
Assessment
Measurement
Limitation
MD of Mains &
Submains
AS/NZS 3000
Clause 2.2.2 (d)
m
u
MD of Mains & Submains
m
i
in
m
2
10+10+16+16+3
By
Calculation
a
16mm2 ify
m
2=
c 36
m Amps
84 Amps
e
6
p
1
MD =
?f
s
2
s
2.5mm
o
10mm2
e e
i
t
i iz
r
20 metres tho le s
46 metres
a u ca b
y s
l
p in
p
10A
10A 16A 16A
32A
u
a
s mL1 L2
t
P1
P2
Stove
s
o
M
Domestic House
So how do we calculate
MD?
Domestic Table C1
Nondomestic Table C2
Non domestic Energy Demand
Table C3
= 3 points
Note e
Note d
2 x 2.6 metres track
light =
5 points per 10
track = points
Not regarded as
Lighting
Fixed Space
Heating
Load Group D
Calculations
A house consists of the
following:
Assume to be <150W
3000 W
230V
Ai
Ai
D
Ai
Ai
Aii
Aii
33 + (3 x 3) = 42P
3P
3 x 2 x 2 = 12P
12P
13.04A
Calculations
A house consists of the
following:
36 light fittings, 3 consisting of 3 lamp combinations
3 bathroom exhaust fans
2 x 750W heat lamp, fan, light combinations
3 x 2metre track lights
12 wall lights around the veranda
6 x 100W bollard lights on driveway
6 x 400W metal halide flood lights for pool
42P
3P
12P
12P
69P
1 20 =
21 40 =
41 60 =
61 69 =
Ai
Ai
D
Ai
Ai
Aii
Aii
33 + (3 x 3) = 42P
3P
3 x 2 x 2 = 12P
12P
13.04A
3A
2A
2A
2A
9A + 13.04A =
22.04A
3 Light Calculations
Broken up evenly
36 light fittings
3
A B
12 Fittings / 3A 3A
C
3A
NOT
36 light fittings = 3A + 2A = 5A
3
A B C
1.6 1.6 1.6
Calculations
A house consists of the
Broken up evenly over 3 Phases
following:
36 light fittings, 3 consisting of 3 lamp combinations
3 bathroom exhaust fans
Divide by 3
2 x 750W heat lamp, fan, light combinations
3 x 2metre track lights
12 wall lights around the veranda
6 x 100W bollard lights on driveway
6 x 400W metal halide flood lights for pool
14P
1P
4P
4P
23P
Ai
Ai
D
Ai
Ai
Aii
Aii
11 + (1 x 3) = 14P
1P
1 x 2 x 2 = 4P
4P
4.35A
1 20 = 3A
21 23 = 2A
5A + 4.35A =
9.35A /
Power Points
Load Group Bi
Double Power Points
36 Double Power Points
6 Single power points
Notes
h
36 x 2 =72P
6P
1 20 =
78P
21 40=
41 60 =
61 78 =
10A
5A
5A
5A
25A
Power Points
Load Group Bi
Notes
h
36 x 2 =72P
6P
AND
Other Direct Wired
Equipment that is <10A
Air conditioners
Cook tops
Water heaters
78P
1 20 =
21 40=
41 60 =
61 78 =
10A
5A
5A
5A
25A
Power Points
NOT
Calculations
A house consists of the
following:
20 Double power points
8 Single power points
8A swimming pool pump
34 x 15A power points
12A Airconditioner supplied via a 15A power point
14A Pool heater direct wired
Bi
Bi
Bi
Bii
D
G
20 x 2 = 40P
8P
1P
10A

Calculations
A house consists of the
following:
20 Double power points
8 Single power points
8A swimming pool pump
3 x 15A power points
12A Airconditioner supplied via a 15A power point
14A Pool heater direct wired
40P
8P
1P
49P
Bi
Bi
Bi
Bii
D
G
1 20 = 10A
21 40 = 5A
41 49 = 5A
20A + 10A =
30A
20 x 2 = 40P
8P
1P
10A

Load Group C
Cook tops
Wall ovens
Washing machines
Clothes driers
Load Group D
15 litre heater
with a 2.4kW element
2400/15 =
160 W/L
8 W/L
Maximum Demand
Ai
Bi
Bi
C
D
F
2 x 60 W exhaust fans
4 x Single 10 A socket outlets
22 x Double 10 A socket outlets
1 x 10kW range
1 x Permanently connected air conditioner (full load current of 13 A)
1 x 4.6 kW continuous HWS
Maximum Demand
Ai
Bi
Bi
C
D
F
2 x 60 W exhaust fans
4 x Single 10 A socket outlets
22 x Double 10 A socket outlets
1 x 10kW range
1 x Permanently connected air conditioner (full load current of 13 A)
1 x 4.6 kW continuous HWS
7A
Maximum Demand
Ai
Bi
Bi
C
D
F
2 x 60 W exhaust fans
4 x Single 10 A socket outlets
44 + 4 = 48P 10 + 5 + 5 =
22 x Double 10 A socket outlets 44P
1 x 10kW range
1 x Permanently connected air conditioner (full load current of 13 A)
1 x 4.6 kW continuous HWS
7A
20A
Maximum Demand
Ai
Bi
Bi
C
D
F
2 x 60 W exhaust fans
4 x Single 10 A socket outlets
22 x Double 10 A socket outlets
1 x 10kW range (10000/230) x 0.5 =
1 x Permanently connected air conditioner (full load current of 13 A)
1 x 4.6 kW continuous HWS
7A
20A
21.7A
Maximum Demand
Ai
Bi
Bi
C
D
F
2 x 60 W exhaust fans
4 x Single 10 A socket outlets
22 x Double 10 A socket outlets
1 x 10kW range
1 x Permanently connected air conditioner (full load current of 13 A)
1 x 4.6 kW continuous HWS
13 x 0.75 =
7A
20A
21.7A
9.75A
Maximum Demand
Ai
Bi
Bi
C
D
F
2 x 60 W exhaust fans
4 x Single 10 A socket outlets
22 x Double 10 A socket outlets
1 x 10kW range
1 x Permanently connected air conditioner (full load current of 13 A)
1 x 4.6 kW continuous HWS 4600/230 =
7A
20A
21.7A
9.75A
20A
Maximum Demand
Ai
Bi
Bi
C
D
F
2 x 60 W exhaust fans
4 x Single 10 A socket outlets
22 x Double 10 A socket outlets
1 x 10kW range
1 x Permanently connected air conditioner (full load current of 13 A)
1 x 4.6 kW continuous HWS
7A
20A
21.7A
9.75A
20A
78.45A
Uneven 3 Loads
Not all single phase loads will break up evenly over
three phases
But the phases must not be unbalanced by more than
25A
NSW S&IR
Clause 1.10.3
3 Maximum Demand
Ai A 30 x
Ai B 18 x Lights
Aii C 6 x 400W mercury vapour flood lights
Bi A 15 x Double power points (p/p)
Bi B 10 x Single p/p & 15 x Double p/p
Bii C 3 x 15A Single p/p
C A 1 x 4.1kW wall oven
C B 1 x 4.6kW cook top
F C 1 x 3.6kW heat pump HWS
A
D B
C
3 Maximum Demand
Ai A 30 x
Ai B 18 x Lights
5A
3A
18P
7.83A
30P
10+30P
10+5A =
15A
20A
10+5A =
10A
(4100230)x0.5 =
8.91A
10A
(4600230)x0.5 =
15.65A
3600230 =
6.17A
6.17A
6.17A
Multiple Domestic
Submains to individual units
Unit 1
MSB
Unit 2
Unit 3
Columns 3, 4 or 5
Column 2
Questions to be
Asked?
How
How
6 Units
3
18 Units
3
66 Units
3
Maximum Demand
A house consists of the
following:
Ai 26 x Light points
26 + 4 = 30P
4.9A
10A + 5A + 5A = 20A
3A + 2A = 5A
52 + 5 = 57P
10A
(5600W/230V)x0.5
C 1 x 5.6kW wall oven / cook top
(3600W/230V)x0.75
D 1 x 3.6kW air conditioner
12.2A
10.4A
11.7A
74.2A
Multiple Domestic
9 Units consists of the
following:
9 Units
3
= 3 Units / Phase
Use Colum 3
Ai 26 x Light points
6A
10A
15A
35.2A
6A x 3 = 18A
109A
Multiple Domestic
30 Units consists of the
30following:
Units
3
Ai 26 x Light points
10A
2.8A x 10 = 28A
117A
6A x 10 = 60A
275A
Multiple Domestic
66 Units consists of the
66following:
Units
3
Ai 26 x Light points
0.5A x 22 = 11A
10A
2.8A x 22 = 61.6A
258A
100A + (0.8A x 22) =118A
550A
A
5 Units
Col 3
B
5 Units
Col 3
C
6 Units
Col 4
Multiple Domestic
16 Units consists of the
following:
5 Units / A & B
Ai
26 x Light points
Bi
Bi
Use Colum 3
6A
10A + (5A x 5) =
35A
10A
15A
58.7A
52.2A
(2400230V) x 5 =
176.9A
Multiple Domestic
16 Units consists of the
following:
6 Units / C
Ai
26 x Light points
Bi
Bi
Use Colum 4
5A + (0.25A x 6) =
6.5A
15A + (3.75A x 6) = 37.5A
10A
2.8A x 6 =
(3600230) x 0.75 x 6
16.8A
70.4A
6A x 6 =
36A
177.2A
A
5 Units
Col 3
176.6A
B
5 Units
Col 3
176.6A
C
6 Units
Col 4
177.2A
Communal Load
Loads that are used by all the unit dwellers
Driveway/ parking lighting
Stairwell lighting
Power points for cleaners
Lifts
Swimming pool pumps
Multiple Domestic
16 Units have a communal load consists of
the following:
H 20 x 80 W bollard Lights
14.78A
H 30 x light points
I
15A
7.8A
15A
12A
15 x 1.25 =
18.75A
83.33A
Table C2 Colum
2 circuits could also be divided across
These
Socket outlets
In a FactoryOn each
19 x 750W = 15.25kW
15250 230 = 66.3 Amps
19 x 100W = 2.9kW
2900 230 =12.6 Amps
Socket outlets
5 x 10A 3 outlets
Treat as B(i)
1000W + 4 x 750W =
Per Phase
4kW
4000 230 = 17.4
Amps
2 x 32A 3 outlets
5 x 20A 3 outlets
Per Phase
75% x 32A
32A + 24A +
75% x 20A x 5
131Amps
75A =
Motors
In
Factories
2 x 30A 3 motors
3 x 15A 1 motors
1 per phase
22.5A +
22.5A = 75 Amps
Welders
3
AS/NZS 3000
C2.5.2.2 (b)
x 20A 3 Welders
W1
W2
Only 2 welders on
each phase
W3
20A + 20A = 40 Amps
Per Phase
Table C3
Light/Power = 50 VA/m2
Reverse cycle AC =
63.750kVA
3 x 400
25 VA/m2
75 VA/m2 x 850 63.750kVA
=
92
Amps/Phase