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Module 08

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Basic Network Configuration
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Objectives

Objective 2: Basic Network Configuration


Objective 4: Configuring Client Side DNS

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Basic Network Configuration and Configuring Client


Side DNS

Network Interfaces
Configuration files:
/etc/hosts: This file contains simple mappings between IP
addresses and names and is used for name resolution

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/etc/nsswitch.conf: This file controls the
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various system library lookup functions,such
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Basic Network Configuration and Configuring Client


Side DNS

Network Interfaces
Configuration files:
/etc/resolv.conf: This file controls the client-side portions of
the DNS system

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/etc/networks: Like /etc/hosts, this file sets


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between addresses and names, but here
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represent entire networks
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Basic Network Configuration and Configuring Client


Side DNS

Network Interfaces
Configuration commands
ifconfig

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Basic Network Configuration and Configuring Client


Side DNS

Network Interfaces
Configuration commands
ifconfig

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Basic Network Configuration and Configuring Client


Side DNS

Network Interfaces
Configuration commands

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Basic Network Configuration and Configuring Client


Side DNS

Network Interfaces
Configuration commands

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DHCP Configuration

DHCP handles IP address allocation in one of three ways:


Dynamic allocation
DHCP server maintains a preset list of IP addresses ndesignated
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by the system administrator.
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IP addresses are assigned as clients request an
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the available addresses in the pool.
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The address can be used, or leased, for C
a limited
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The client must continually renegotiate
the lease
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to maintain use of the address beyond
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When the lease expires, the IPPaddress
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pool for use by other requesting clients
and a new IP address is
assigned.

DHCP Configuration

DHCP handles IP address allocation in one of three ways:


Manual allocation
The system administrator may wish to designate specific
IP
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addresses to specific network interfaces (for example,
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adeliver the
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Ethernet MAC address) while still using DHCP ito
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address to the client.
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DHCP Configuration
Subnets and relays
DHCP relay system can be established on subnets without
DHCP servers
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A relay system listens for DHCP client broadcasts,
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them to a DHCP server on another subnet, and
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DHCP traffic back to the client
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Leases
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when a client receives a dynamically
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IP address
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from a DHCP server, the address
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finite duration
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The length of a DHCP lease is configurable by the system
administrator

DHCP Configuration
Dhcpd
The DHCP server process is called dhcpd
It is typically started at boot time and listens for incoming
DHCP request broadcasts
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dhcpd is configured using the text configuration file
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/etc/dhcpd.conf
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