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You are on page 1of 17

4)

Todays Objectives:

Students will be able to determine

forces in truss members using the

method of sections.

In-Class Activities:

Check homework, if any

Reading quiz

Applications

Method of sections

Concept quiz

Group Problem solving

Attention quiz

READING QUIZ

1. In the method of sections, generally a cut passes through no

more than _____ members in which the forces are unknown.

A) 1

B) 2

C) 3

D) 4

length, then the internal force in the member is ______ .

A) tensile with magnitude of T/2

B) compressive with magnitude of T/2

C) compressive with magnitude of T

D) tensile with magnitude of T

APPLICATIONS

Long trusses are often used to

construct bridges.

The method of joints requires that

many joints be analyzed before we

can determine the forces in the

middle part of the truss.

Is there another method to

determine these forces directly?

taking an imaginary cut (shown here as a-a) through the truss.

Since truss members are subjected to only tensile or compressive

forces along their length, the internal forces at the cut member will

also be either tensile or compressive with the same magnitude.

This result is based on the equilibrium principle and Newtons

third law.

1. Decide how you need to cut the truss. This is based on:

a) where you need to determine forces, and, b) where the total

number of unknowns does not exceed three (in general).

2. Decide which side of the cut truss will be easier to work

with (minimize the number of reactions you have to find).

3. If required, determine the necessary support reactions by

drawing the FBD of the entire truss and applying the EofE.

PROCEDURE (continued)

4. Draw the FBD of the selected part of the cut truss. We need to

indicate the unknown forces at the cut members. Initially we

assume all the members are in tension, as we did when using

the method of joints. Upon solving, if the answer is positive,

the member is in tension as per our assumption. If the answer is

negative, the member must be in compression. (Please note that

you can also assume forces to be either tension or compression

by inspection as was done in the figures above.)

PROCEDURE (continued)

section of the truss to solve for the unknown member forces.

Please note that in most cases it is possible to write one

equation to solve for one unknown directly.

EXAMPLE

Given: Loads as shown on the

roof truss.

Find: The force in members

DE, DL, and ML.

Plan:

a) Take a cut through the members DE, DL, and ML.

b) Work with the left part of the cut section. Why?

c) Determine the support reaction at A. What are they?

d) Apply the EofE to find the forces in DE, DL, and ML.

EXAMPLE (continued)

symmetry, the vertical support reactions are

AY = IY = 36 kN

+ MD = 36 (8) + 6 (8) + 12 (4) + FML (5) = 0

FML = 38.4 kN ( T )

EXAMPLE (continued)

FDE = 37.11 kN or 37.1 kN (C)

+ FX = 38.4 + (4/17) (37.11) + (4/41) FDL = 0

FDL = 3.84 kN or 3.84 kN (C)

CONCEPT QUIZ

1. Can you determine the force

in member ED by making the

cut at section a-a? Explain

your answer.

A) No, there are 4 unknowns.

B) Yes, using MD = 0 .

C) Yes, using ME = 0 .

D) Yes, using MB = 0 .

CONCEPT QUIZ

2. If you know FED, how will you

determine FEB ?

A) By taking section b-b

using ME = 0

and

using FX = 0 and FY = 0

C) By taking section a-a and

using MB = 0

D) By taking section a-a and

using MD = 0

Given: Loading on the truss as

shown.

Find:

BE, and EF.

Plan:

a) Take a cut through the members BC, BE, and EF.

b) Analyze the top section (no support reactions!).

c) Draw the FBD of the top section.

d) Apply the equations of equilibrium such that every

equation yields answer to one unknown.

SOLUTION

+ FX = 5 + 10 FBE cos 45 = 0

FBE = 21.2 kN (T)

+ ME = 5(4) + FCB (4) = 0

FCB = 5 kN (T)

+ MB = 5 (8) 10 (4) 5 (4) FEF (4) = 0

FEF = 25 kN or 25 kN (C)

ATTENTION QUIZ

1. As shown, a cut is made

through members GH, BG

and BC to determine the

forces in them. Which section

will you choose for analysis

and why?

A) Right, fewer calculations.

B) Left, fewer calculations.

C) Either right or left, same

amount of work.

D) None of the above, too

many unknowns.

ATTENTION QUIZ

2. When determining the force in

member HG in the previous

question, which one equation of

equilibrium is best to use?

A) MH = 0

B) MG = 0

C) MB = 0

D) MC = 0

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