Introduction To Microgrid



The Need of Microgrid. Environmental Aspects.Outline Introduction to Microgrid. Microgrid Operating Modes. Conventional Grid versus Microgrid. Advantages & Disadvantages of Microgrid. Future Directions on Microgrid Research 4/8/16 2 .

Size of the Microgrid may range from housing estate to municipal regions.) What is Microgrid? It is connected to both the local generating units and the utility grid thus preventing power outages.Introduction To Microgrid (contd. 4/8/16 3 . Excess power can be sold to the utility grid.

) Microgrid Components Distributed Generation Loads Immediate storage Controller Point of Common Coupling 4/8/16 4 .Introduction To Microgrid(contd.

Typical Microgrid is shown below: 4/8/16 5 .

Indonesia .Village microgrid 4/8/16 6 .Pomelo.

Microgrid Operating Modes Grid Connected Mode:  Utility grid is active.  Static switch is closed  All the feeders are being supplied by utility grid. 4/8/16 7 .

Microgrid Operating Modes Island Mode:  Utility grid is not supplying power  Static switch is open. B. C are being supplied by Microsources.  Feeder A.  Feeder D (not sensitive ) is dead. 4/8/16 8 .

Microgrid results in substantial savings and cuts emissions without major changes to lifestyles.The Need Of Microgrid Microgrid could be the answer to our energy crisis. Transmission losses gets highly reduced. Provide high quality and reliable energy supply 4/8/16 to critical loads 9 .

Large land use impacts are avoided. CO2 Emissions are reduced. 4/8/16 10 .Environmental Aspects Microgrid encourages the use of the renewable energy sources.

Large amount of energy in the form of heat is wasted in conventional grid. Power sources in case of Microgrid (often referred to as Microsources) are small and are located in close proximity to load.Conventional Grid vs. Microgrid Efficiency of conventional grid is very low as compared to Microgrid. 4/8/16 11 .

thereby increasing the overall energy efficiency. Microgrid can act to mitigate the electricity costs to its users by generating some or all of its electricity needs.Advantages & Disadvantages  Microgrid Advantages In peak load periods it prevents utility grid failure by reducing the load on the grid. The use of both electricity and heat permitted by the close proximity of the generator to the user. 4/8/16 12 .

4/8/16 13 . Resynchronization with the utility grid is difficult.Advantages & Disadvantages Microgrid Disadvantages Electrical energy needs to be stored in battery banks thus requiring more space and maintenance.

 Transition between grid connected and islanded modes on interaction phenomena between distribution generation and high penetration of distributed generation. Transformation of Microgrid system today into the intelligent. experimental performance evaluation of frequency and voltage control methods under various operation modes .Future Directions on Microgrid Research  To investigate full-scale development. robust energy delivery system in the future by providing significant reliability and security benefits. field demonstration. 4/8/16 14 .

Thank You 4/8/16 15 .

Queries? 4/8/16 16 .