Introduction To Microgrid



Future Directions on Microgrid Research 4/8/16 2 . Environmental Aspects. Conventional Grid versus Microgrid. Microgrid Operating Modes. Advantages & Disadvantages of Microgrid.Outline Introduction to Microgrid. The Need of Microgrid.

) What is Microgrid? It is connected to both the local generating units and the utility grid thus preventing power outages. Excess power can be sold to the utility grid.Introduction To Microgrid (contd. Size of the Microgrid may range from housing estate to municipal regions. 4/8/16 3 .

) Microgrid Components Distributed Generation Loads Immediate storage Controller Point of Common Coupling 4/8/16 4 .Introduction To Microgrid(contd.

Typical Microgrid is shown below: 4/8/16 5 .

Village microgrid 4/8/16 6 .Pomelo. Indonesia .

Microgrid Operating Modes Grid Connected Mode:  Utility grid is active. 4/8/16 7 .  Static switch is closed  All the feeders are being supplied by utility grid.

4/8/16 8 .Microgrid Operating Modes Island Mode:  Utility grid is not supplying power  Static switch is open.  Feeder D (not sensitive ) is dead.  Feeder A. B. C are being supplied by Microsources.

Transmission losses gets highly reduced.The Need Of Microgrid Microgrid could be the answer to our energy crisis. Provide high quality and reliable energy supply 4/8/16 to critical loads 9 . Microgrid results in substantial savings and cuts emissions without major changes to lifestyles.

Environmental Aspects Microgrid encourages the use of the renewable energy sources. CO2 Emissions are reduced. 4/8/16 10 . Large land use impacts are avoided.

Conventional Grid vs. Microgrid Efficiency of conventional grid is very low as compared to Microgrid. Large amount of energy in the form of heat is wasted in conventional grid. Power sources in case of Microgrid (often referred to as Microsources) are small and are located in close proximity to load. 4/8/16 11 .

thereby increasing the overall energy efficiency. Microgrid can act to mitigate the electricity costs to its users by generating some or all of its electricity needs.Advantages & Disadvantages  Microgrid Advantages In peak load periods it prevents utility grid failure by reducing the load on the grid. The use of both electricity and heat permitted by the close proximity of the generator to the user. 4/8/16 12 .

Advantages & Disadvantages Microgrid Disadvantages Electrical energy needs to be stored in battery banks thus requiring more space and maintenance. 4/8/16 13 . Resynchronization with the utility grid is difficult.

 Transition between grid connected and islanded modes on interaction phenomena between distribution generation and high penetration of distributed generation.Future Directions on Microgrid Research  To investigate full-scale development. Transformation of Microgrid system today into the intelligent. experimental performance evaluation of frequency and voltage control methods under various operation modes . 4/8/16 14 . robust energy delivery system in the future by providing significant reliability and security benefits. field demonstration.

Thank You 4/8/16 15 .

Queries? 4/8/16 16 .

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