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Introduction To Microgrid



Microgrid Operating Modes. The Need of Microgrid.Outline Introduction to Microgrid. Environmental Aspects. Advantages & Disadvantages of Microgrid. Future Directions on Microgrid Research 4/8/16 2 . Conventional Grid versus Microgrid.

Introduction To Microgrid (contd. Excess power can be sold to the utility grid. 4/8/16 3 . Size of the Microgrid may range from housing estate to municipal regions.) What is Microgrid? It is connected to both the local generating units and the utility grid thus preventing power outages.

Introduction To Microgrid(contd.) Microgrid Components Distributed Generation Loads Immediate storage Controller Point of Common Coupling 4/8/16 4 .

Typical Microgrid is shown below: 4/8/16 5 .

Village microgrid 4/8/16 6 .Pomelo. Indonesia .

Microgrid Operating Modes Grid Connected Mode:  Utility grid is active. 4/8/16 7 .  Static switch is closed  All the feeders are being supplied by utility grid.

4/8/16 8 . B. C are being supplied by Microsources.  Feeder A.Microgrid Operating Modes Island Mode:  Utility grid is not supplying power  Static switch is open.  Feeder D (not sensitive ) is dead.

Transmission losses gets highly reduced. Provide high quality and reliable energy supply 4/8/16 to critical loads 9 .The Need Of Microgrid Microgrid could be the answer to our energy crisis. Microgrid results in substantial savings and cuts emissions without major changes to lifestyles.

CO2 Emissions are reduced. 4/8/16 10 .Environmental Aspects Microgrid encourages the use of the renewable energy sources. Large land use impacts are avoided.

Microgrid Efficiency of conventional grid is very low as compared to Microgrid. 4/8/16 11 .Conventional Grid vs. Large amount of energy in the form of heat is wasted in conventional grid. Power sources in case of Microgrid (often referred to as Microsources) are small and are located in close proximity to load.

4/8/16 12 . Microgrid can act to mitigate the electricity costs to its users by generating some or all of its electricity needs. The use of both electricity and heat permitted by the close proximity of the generator to the user. thereby increasing the overall energy efficiency.Advantages & Disadvantages  Microgrid Advantages In peak load periods it prevents utility grid failure by reducing the load on the grid.

Resynchronization with the utility grid is difficult. 4/8/16 13 .Advantages & Disadvantages Microgrid Disadvantages Electrical energy needs to be stored in battery banks thus requiring more space and maintenance.

experimental performance evaluation of frequency and voltage control methods under various operation modes . 4/8/16 14 .  Transition between grid connected and islanded modes on interaction phenomena between distribution generation and high penetration of distributed generation.Future Directions on Microgrid Research  To investigate full-scale development. Transformation of Microgrid system today into the intelligent. field demonstration. robust energy delivery system in the future by providing significant reliability and security benefits.

Thank You 4/8/16 15 .

Queries? 4/8/16 16 .