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STAIRS

- ANIKET ZANWAR

STAIRS
DEFINATION :
A stair may be defined as series of
steps suitably arranged for the purpose of
connecting different floors of building.

LOCATION OF STAIRS

In residential building stairs are centrally


located to provide easy access to all the
rooms.
In public apartments stairs are located near
the entrance.
Staircase should never be located near or
adjacent to elevators more importantly they
must be against the wall .

TYPES OF STAIRS

TURNING

STRAIGH
T

HALF TURN
QUARTER
TURN

NEWEL QUARTER
TURN

BIFURCATED

3 QUARTER TURN

GEOMETRICAL
QUARTER TURN

SPIRAL

CIRCULAR

FABRICATED

TIMBER

METAL
PRE-CAST
CONCRETE

STRAIGHT STAIRS
It is a staircase having a
single , straight flight of
stairs that connect two
levels or floor in a building.
The construction is much
simpler and less time
consuming.
Lower the risks of
accidents as it we get clear
view of all stairs .
Drawback is it require
more space .

Mostly for small houses

QUARTER TURN STAIRS


It is defined as change in
direction of flight by 90
degree either in left or right
direction.
These stairs can be
obtained by providing
quarter space landing.
It is an L shaped
staircase.

3 QUARTER TURN
When

the length of stair room is


limited and vertical distance between
two floor is large such type are stairs
are used.
This stairs can be of open newel
type.
The stair changes its direction 3
times with upper flight crossing the
bottom one.

BIFURCATED STAIRS
The two narrow start
from either side of midlanding.
Very commonly used in
public buildings.
In these type of stairs
the flight are so arranged
that there is wide flight at
the start which are subdivided into narrow flight
at the mid-landing.
These type of stairs are
mostly centrally located.

CIRCULAR STAIRS
The stairs when
viewed from above
appear to follow a
circle with a singe
center of curvature
and large radius.
The circular stairs are
commonly
constructed in RCC,
cast-iron and stone.

It requires less space .

SPIRAL STAIRS

These stairs are similar


to circular stairs except
that the radius of
curvature is small and
the stairs may be
supported by a center
part.
The spiral stair may be
constructed of castiron, mild-steel or
concrete.

They are use for higher level


water tank.

FABRICATED STAIRS
Timber stairs : These are generally used in residential
building because of there light weight.
These stairs are used where fire resistance
is not of much importance.
The timber used should be free from fungal
decay and insect attack.
Metal stairs : The stair of mild steel and cast-iron are
used in factories, workshops. In these type of stairs riser
are open.
These stairs make lots of noise when used
by user. Moreover it is fire resistant.
Pre-cast concrete stairs : Pre-cast concrete units are
nowadays available for construction for concrete stairs of
various shapes. They provide good strength to stairs.

REFERENCES
Building

Construction S.P. Arora and S.P. Bindra.

to Z Practical Building Construction and its Management


Sandeep Mantri.
Building

M. Jain.

Technology and Materials V.K. Kumawat and Indrajeet