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Phrasal verb

A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a


preposition or an adverb; the combination (a
verb+ a prepositionor verb +an adverb)
creates ameaning different from the original
verb alone, of the original verb.
Phrasal verbs and other multi-word verbs are an
important part of the English language.
However, they are mainly used in spoken
English and informal texts.
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asal-verbs

Phrasal verb

Phrasal verbs have two parts: a main verb and an


adverb particle.
Phrasal verbs often have meanings which we
cannot easily guess from their individual parts.
(The meanings are in brackets.)
The book firstcame outin 1997.(was published)
The planetook ofan hour late.(flew into the air)
The lecturewent ontill 6.30.(continued)
Its difficult tomake outwhat shes saying.
(hear/understand)

Phrasal verb with get

Example :
Toget= to obtain I need
to geta new battery for my camera.
Toget together= to meet
Why dont we allget togetherfor lunch
one day?
TO GETcan be used in a number of
patterns and has a number of meanings.

TO GET + DIRECT OBJECT = TO


OBTAIN, TO RECEIVE, TO BUY
Igot my passportlast week. (to obtain)
Shegot her driving licenselast week. (to obtain)
Theygot permissionto live in Switzerland. (to
obtain)
Igot a letterfrom my friend in Nigeria. (to receive)
Hegets $1,000a year from his father. (to receive)
Shegot a new coatfrom Zappaloni in Rome. (to
buy)
Wegot a new televisionfor the sitting room. (to
buy)

TO GET + PLACE EXPRESSION = REACH, ARRIVE AT A PLACE

How are yougetting hometonight?


Wegot to Londonaround 6 p.m.
What time will weget there?
When did youget backfrom New
York?

TO GET + ADJECTIVE = BECOME, SHOW A CHANGE OF STATE

I amgetting old.
It'sgetting hotter.
By the time they reached the house they
weregetting hungry.
I'mgetting tiredof all this nonsense.
My mother'sgetting oldand needs
looking after.
Itgets darkvery early in the winter.
Don't touch the stove until isgets cool.

OTHER EXPRESSIONS WITH GET

Do you get itmeans do you understand.


Do you get what the teacher was explaining in class?
He's getting dinner tonightmeans he's preparing the meal.
You can relax. It's my turn to get dinner tonight.
I'll get the billmeans I'll pay.
Put your wallet away! I'll get the bill.
That really gets me!means that irritates me.
It really gets me when my sister shows up late.
To get rid of somethingmeans to throw it away.
I'm going to get rid of all these old newspapers.
To get out of bed on the wrong sidemeans to be in a bad
mood.
He got out of the wrong side of the bed this morning and he's
been horrible all day.
To get your own backmeans to have your revenge or punish
someone.
She's getting her own back for all those rude things you said at
the party last night.

EXERCISES PHRASAL VERBS


Phrasal
verb

Meaning

Example

ache for

Want something or
someone very much.

He was so lonely
heached forthe sound
of a human voice.

act on

Take action as a result of


something

The policeacted onthe


call they received.

act out

Demonstrate something
with gestures and
actions.

Theyacted outthe
scene in the classroom.

arrive at

Reach
(an agreement, a
decision, a conclusion)

It is hoped that they


willarrive atan
agreement at the end of
the meeting..

ask in

Invite someone to come


inside.

I couldn't leave her


standing outside in the
cold so Iaskedherin.

ask out

Invite someone to lunch,


dinner, the cinema ...

John
hasaskedMaryoutsev
eral times.

EXERCISES PHRASAL VERBS


1) Stop (something) working
burn out

call of

2) Become exhausted from


overworking
Cancel

1) The fuse hasburnt


out.
2) Tom
willburnhimselfoutif
he doesn't

The meeting wascalled


ofbecause of the strike.

Continue.

Hecarried ongardening
in spite of the rain.

catch up
with

Reach the same stage as


someone else.

I've missed some classes


so I'll have to work hard
tocatch up withthe
others.

clam up

Refuse to speak.

When the teacher arrived,


sheclammed up.

close
down

Stop operating (company,


restaurant, cinema ...)

When the factoryclosed


down, the employees lost
their jobs.

carry on

EXERCISES PHRASAL VERBS


fall back
on

We were lucky to have


Be able to use something in an
some tinned food to fall
emergency
back on.

figure
out

Understand / find the answer

I'm trying tofigure outhow


to assemble the wardrobe.

fix up

Repair or renovate

They're going tofix upthe


house before moving in.

fizzle out Gradually end

Over the years their


friendshipfizzled out.

focus on

Concentrate on something

The advertising campaign


will focus on the quality of
the product.

fold in

Mix one ingredient with


another.

Fold inthe eggs with the


sugar.

freak out Panic or go crazy

She nearlyfreaked
outwhen she saw the colour
of her hair. It was a disaster!

fuss over Pay excessive attention to

She's alwaysfussing
overher grandson.

EXERCISES PHRASAL VERBS


hand
back

Return

She read the article and


thenhandeditback.

hand
down

Pass on (by tradition,


inheritance...)

My clothes werehanded
downto me by my older sister.

Distribute

Samples will be handed outat


the end
of the demonstration.

Wait

Hang ona minute. I'm early


ready.

hang up

End a telephone
conversation

Don'thang up. I haven't finished


yet.

head of

Start to go somewhere.

Heheaded ofto the train


station.

head for

Go/move in a certain
direction.

The boat washeading forthe


rocks.

hold up

Show as an example

Sheheld upthe diagram for all


to see.

hand out
hang on

iron out

Resolve by discussion/
eliminate

The meeting tomorrow will be an


opportunity toiron

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asal-verbs/phrasal-verbs_H.html