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EXPLANATION TEXT

By:
Anisa Carina
Devinna Rose
XII Science

Explanati
on Text

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Definiti
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Explanation Text
An explanation is a piece of writing that gives
straightforward information. It explain the process related
to the information of natural, social, scientific, and
cultural phenomena (Example: how volcano eruption
occurs, or how we get chocolate from).

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Definition

Goals

Generic
Structure

Example

Goals
To enable the readers to understand the processes
involved in the information or the working of natural,
scientific, and cultural phenomena.

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Definition

Goals

Generic
Structure

Example

Generic Structure

General Statement
Sequence of Explanation

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Conclusion

General Statement
General statement is a sentence which give the general
understanding.

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Definition

Goals

Generic
Structure

Example

Sequence of Explanation
Sequence of explanation is paragraph which supporting
the general statement for making the issues clear by
giving reason, example, and fact.

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Definition

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Structure

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Conclusion
Conclusion is a closing / optional statement of the whole
paragraph.

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Structure

Example

TSUNAMI
The term of tsunami comes from the Japanese which means harbor
(tsu) and wave (nami). A tsunamis is a series of waves generated when
water in a lake or the sea is rapidly displaced on a massive scale.
A tsunami can be generated when the sea floor abruptly deforms and
vertically displaces the overlying water. Such large vertical movements of
the earths crust can occur at plate boundaries.

MPLE

Subduction of earthquakes are particularly effective in generating tsunamis,


and occur where denser oceanic plates slip under continental plates.
As the displaced water mass moves under the influence of gravity to regain
its equilibrium, it radiates across the ocean like ripples on a pond.
Tsunami always bring great damage. Most of the damage is caused by
the huge mass of water behind the initial wave front, as the height of the
sea keeps rising fast and floods powerfully into the coastal area.
Definition

Goals

Generic
Structure

Example

General Statement
The term of tsunami comes from the Japanese which
means harbor (tsu) and wave (nami). A tsunamis is a
series of waves generated when water in a lake or the
sea is rapidly displaced on a massive scale.

ANALYSIS
General
Statement

Sequence of
Explanation

Conclusion

Sequence of Explanation
A tsunami can be generated when the sea floor abruptly deforms and
vertically displaces the overlying water. Such large vertical movements
of the earths crust can occur at plate boundaries.
Subduction of earthquakes are particularly effective in generating
tsunamis, and occur where denser oceanic plates slip under continental
plates.
As the displaced water mass moves under the influence of gravity to
regain its equilibrium, it radiates across the ocean like ripples on a pond.

ANALYSIS
General
Statement

Sequence of
Explanation

Conclusion

CLOSING
Tsunami always bring great damage. Most of the damage
is caused by the huge mass of water behind the initial
wave front, as the height of the sea keeps rising fast and
floods powerfully into the coastal area.

ANALYSIS
General
Statement

Sequence of
Explanation

Conclusion