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NETW 1010

Internet of Things:
Introduction

Dr. Eng. Amr T. Abdel-Hamid

Fall 2013

Table of Contents
Internet of Things

Answering the Ws
WhatisIOT?
When?(HistoryandFutureofIOT)
Where?(Applications)
Why?(Advantagesofusingit)
How?(EnablingTechnologies)

Dr. Amr Talaat

CourseAdministrativework+Project

NETW 1010

Starting from the Internet


Internet of Things
Dr. Amr Talaat

Internetappearseverywhereintheworld
butitisstillaconnectionbetweenpeopleandpeople

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What is the Internet of Things?


Internet of Things
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Internetconnectsallpeople,soitiscalledtheInternetofPeople
IoTconnectsallthings,soitiscalledtheInternetofThings

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Whats the Internet of Things


Internet of Things

Definition

Dr. Amr Talaat

(1) The Internet of Things, also called The Internet of


Objects, refers to a wireless network between objects,
usually the network will be wireless and self-configuring,
such as household appliances.
------Wikipedia
(2) By embedding short-range mobile transceivers into a
wide array of additional gadgets and everyday items,
enabling new forms of communication between people
and things, and between things themselves.
------WSIS 2005
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Will it affect your life?


Internet of Things
Dr. Amr Talaat

NETW 1010

Welcome to our NEW DIMENSION


Internet of Things
Dr. Amr Talaat

NETW 1010

Table of Contents
Internet of Things

Answering the Ws
WhatisIOT?
When?(HistoryandFutureofIOT)
Where?(Applications)
Why?(Advantagesofusingit)
How?(EnablingTechnologies)

Dr. Amr Talaat

CourseAdministrativework+Project

NETW 1010

Why Internet of Things?


Internet of Things
Dr. Amr Talaat

NETW 1010

Table of Contents
Internet of Things

Answering the Ws
WhatisIOT?
When?(HistoryandFutureofIOT)
Where?(Applications)
Why?(Advantagesofusingit)
How?(EnablingTechnologies)

Dr. Amr Talaat

CourseAdministrativework+Project

NETW 1010

History of the Internet of Things


Internet of Things

History
1997,TheInternetofThingsistheseventhintheseries
ofITUInternetReportsoriginallylaunchedin1997under
thetitleChallengestotheNetwork.
1999, Auto-ID Center founded in MIT
2003, EPC Global founded in MIT
2005,Fourimportanttechnologiesoftheinternetofthings
wasproposedinWSISconference.(RFID,Nano,Wireless
sensors,smarttech)

Dr. Amr Talaat

2008,Firstinternationalconferenceofinternetofthings:
TheIOT2008washeldatZurich.

NETW 1010

NOW is the time


Internet of Things

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What does 50 billion means


Internet of Things
Dr. Amr Talaat

NETW 1010

EVERY Where
Internet of Things

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The Applications of Iot


Internet of Things

Regional Office

House

Dr. Amr Talaat

Transportation Vehicle

Biosensor taken by people

Network

Equipment in
public place

Virtual Environment

NETW 1010

2 Examples
Internet of Things

Forthepublicandthesociety
Forbusinessandenterprises

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Example 1: Pachube
Internet of Things

"The Internet of Things Real-Time Web


Service and Applications"
Platformtoconnectsensorsandother
hardware
PlatformtobuildIoTservicesandapplications
RESTfulAPIs

Dr. Amr Talaat

NETW 1010

After the Fukushima Disaster on Pachube


Internet of Things
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Many People Connected Radiation Sensors


Internet of Things
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Cool, but
Internet of Things
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Dataqualityofvarioussources
Accuracyofeachdatapoint
Sensorreliabilityandavailability
Timeofmeasurement
Importantfortrust!
Unitjungle:
nGy/s,mSv/h,Sv/h,Bq/kg,cpm
Sometimesmisleading,sometimesjusthardto
compare
Mixofdatasources
Realsensors
Virtualsensors(datascrapingfromwebpages,e.g.,
http://www.houshasen-prefibaraki.jp/present/result01.html)
NETW 1010

Business Web
A Platform and Marketplace for Business Services

Internet of Things

TheBusinessWebisa cloud-based business environment that


providesaccesstothenecessaryinfrastructure,applications,content,
andconnectivitytodeliverend-to-end business services optimized
formobility andeaseofparticipation

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NETW 1010

M2M Scenario Ice Cream Cabinets


Internet of Things
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Theapplicationprovidesconsumer
productscompanieswithdetailed
informationaboutthelocationand
statusofitsicecreamcabinets.
Thisinformationcanbeusedto
findthesecabinets,supplythem
withnewicecreamintime,and
monitortheirtemperatureinorder
toavoidicecreambecomingbad
duetoadefectiveicecream
cabinet.
Theicecreamcabinetsbecome
smartitemsthatmonitortheir
energyconsumption,sendalarms,
andbecomeanactivepartinthe
companiesoperationprocessesas
wellassustainabilityefforts.
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IoT Configuration
Internet of Things

2.5millonicecreamcabinets
Worldwidedistributed
Biggestgrowthmarkets:Chinaand
India

Sensoring
Need to refill
Avoidstock-outs

Location
Reliablyfindandrefill

Temperature / power outage


Detectfailuresandavoidproductloss

Behavioral statistics

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Concludeconversionrate

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IoT Integration into Business Processes


Rolesandprocesses

Internet of Things

CPG Backend

3rd Party Supplier

Scen
a
45 m rio est
i
m
i
l
l
ated
i
on a
year
bene
dditi
onal
fit is
profi
t per
OperationalBIonsupplychainefficiency
Userbehaviormonitoringandcampaign
efficiency

3rd Party Supplier

Dispatcher:Improvedplanningofdaily
logisticsprocesses

Getrefillprioritiesandalarmsonpower
outageandtemperatures

TruckDriver:Guidanceandreal-time
integrationintoprocess

Store Owner

Pushalarmstostoreownersfor
immediateactions

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Resolvepoweroutage/closelidtosave
energy

Consumer

Guidancetonexticecreamcabinet
(sourceofhappiness)

Consumer
Augmented
Reality App:
Guide me to
the next ice
cream
opportunity

NETW 1010

Table of Contents
Internet of Things

Answering the Ws
WhatisIOT?
When?(HistoryandFutureofIOT)
Where?(Applications)
Why?(Advantagesofusingit)
How?(EnablingTechnologies)

Dr. Amr Talaat

CourseAdministrativework+Project

NETW 1010

IoT Enabling Technologies


Internet of Things
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Why Cloud?
Internet of Things

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Internet of Things vs. Cloud Properties


Internet of Things
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State of the Art of IoT


Internet of Things

Research Groups
1
MIT Auto-ID Lab &
EPC Global.
Stanford University
Georgia Institute of
Technology

Dr. Amr Talaat

Cambridge Univ

2
EPFL & ETH Zurich
Information and
Communication
Systems Research
Group
Chemnitz University of
Technology
VSR Group

3
Nokia
SAP
IBM
GOOGLE
AMBIENT
Metro Group
Siemens
Sun
Cisco
GE

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State of the Art of IoT


Internet of Things
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The Challenge of IoT


Internet of Things

1. Technological Standardization in most areas are still


remain fragmented.
2. Huge amount of Data
3. Managing and fostering rapid innovation is a challenge for
governments
4. Privacy and security
5. Testing of Multi-Discipline Systems
6. Absence of governance

Dr. Amr Talaat

NETW 1010

Privacy Example
Internet of Things

How
How to
to convincing
convincing users
users that
that the
the IoT
IoT technology
technology will
will
protect
protect their
their data
data and
and privacy
privacy when
when tracking
tracking

Potential Solutions

Dr. Amr Talaat

Legal &
Regulatory

Technical
Control

Social Ethic

Market
Self-regulation

NETW 1010

Course Content
Introduction of the Internet of Things (IoT)

Internet of Things

Technology and Platforms: Introductions to electronics and micro-controllers,


Introduction to Sensors and Actuators, Operating Systems.
Overview of Wireless Technologies: Wireless channel, Channel models.
IOT Networking: MAC protocols for wireless networks, performance metrics
for MAC protocols for low power wireless networks Review the different routing
classes, basics of IPv6, Neighbor Discovery, and Stateless Address Auto
configuration, 6LowPAN, IEEE 802.15.4, Bluetooth 4.
Application Layer: Objectives of the application layer, Goals of CoAP, Review
the "development" of applications with "queries
IOT Security considerations.

Dr. Amr Talaat

Testing and Verification of IOT: Review the different environments for


studying wireless networks, Review the characteristics of testbeds for wireless
multi-hop networks. Which steps are mandatory?

NETW 1010

Course Grading
Internet of Things

Exams
Quizzes 3 Quizzes: best 2
(15%)
Finalexam
(45%)
NOMidterm
Theoretical Assignments(0%)
Lecture/TutorialQuizzes(willsetbest%later)
ProgrammingAssignmentsovertheemulator.

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Project

(40%)

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Project
Course Project:

Internet of Things
Dr. Amr Talaat

The proposition and prototyping of a CREATIVE


IOT system in the following fields:
Home
Campus
Office
Projectgroupsaredueintwoweek
5personsMax.
NotfromthesameDepartment
startsin2weeks
BestProjectCompetition
FinalProjectEvaluation/Presentationwillbeannounced.
ExternalEvaluationCommittee

Smart

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In time

&

It is too LATE Policy

Internet of Things

Latepresentationofprojectandassignmentsis
NOTpossible.
Honor code
100%penaltyforbothcopierandcopy-giver
ofAny Report/CODE.

Dr. Amr Talaat

NETW 1010