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MECHANICAL CONTRACEPTIVES GYAN VIHAR SCHOOL OF PHARMACY Mahal, Jagatpura, Jaipur RAVINDER RANA, B.Pharmacy(iv) 24 Jan. 2010sex . It entirely lines the vagina and helps to prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) including HIV . Two types of female condom are available . 3. Diaphragm Vaginal diaphragm is a dome shaped device made up oaf soft rubber or latex and fitted with a spring in its rim. It act as an mechanical barrier because it does not allow the sperm to enter into the uterus. The diaphragm is inserted into the vagina before intercourse where it covers the cervix completely, they vary in size Timing of insertion : By the end of menstruation or in the immediate postmenstrual period. Postpartum (4-6 weeks after delivery). Postabortive (2-3 weeks after abortion, or end of 1st menstruation). ADVANTAGES Easy to initiate and discontinue No systemic side effects No effects on future fertility, or present lactation Fairly reliable May prevent transmission of STDs DISADVANTAGES Difficult to use consistently and correctly May interrupt sexual activity and pleasure Some require partner's participation Less effective than other modem methods CONCLUSION It is necessary to inform women who use condom about emergency contraception for reducing of unwanted pregnancy during usage, and also it is suggested to introduce new different verity of IUD for reduction of menstrual complications and also providing appropriate counselling family planning program for reduction of misconception about IUD. " id="pdf-obj-0-2" src="pdf-obj-0-2.jpg">

MECHANICAL

CONTRACEPTIVES

GYAN VIHAR SCHOOL OF PHARMACY Mahal, Jagatpura, Jaipur RAVINDER RANA, B.Pharmacy(iv) 24 Jan. 2010

ABSTRACT

Condom is made up of very thin sheath of rubber latex or silicon which can be stretched according to size of the erect penis. It is used by the men during sex sometimes condoms are used along with a spermicidal, which gives extra protection from pregnancy to occur. Condom provides reliable protection not only from pregnancy but also against sexually trasmitted diseases.

INTRODUCTION

Mechanical contraceptives are used either to physically block the union of sperms and ovum or chemically inactivate the sperms in the vagina. The popularity of mechanical methods is increasing day by day because these method are effective and can prevent sexually transmitted disease and cause no serious adverse effect.

MECHANICAL CONTRACEPTIVES GYAN VIHAR SCHOOL OF PHARMACY Mahal, Jagatpura, Jaipur RAVINDER RANA, B.Pharmacy(iv) 24 Jan. 2010sex . It entirely lines the vagina and helps to prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) including HIV . Two types of female condom are available . 3. Diaphragm Vaginal diaphragm is a dome shaped device made up oaf soft rubber or latex and fitted with a spring in its rim. It act as an mechanical barrier because it does not allow the sperm to enter into the uterus. The diaphragm is inserted into the vagina before intercourse where it covers the cervix completely, they vary in size Timing of insertion : By the end of menstruation or in the immediate postmenstrual period. Postpartum (4-6 weeks after delivery). Postabortive (2-3 weeks after abortion, or end of 1st menstruation). ADVANTAGES Easy to initiate and discontinue No systemic side effects No effects on future fertility, or present lactation Fairly reliable May prevent transmission of STDs DISADVANTAGES Difficult to use consistently and correctly May interrupt sexual activity and pleasure Some require partner's participation Less effective than other modem methods CONCLUSION It is necessary to inform women who use condom about emergency contraception for reducing of unwanted pregnancy during usage, and also it is suggested to introduce new different verity of IUD for reduction of menstrual complications and also providing appropriate counselling family planning program for reduction of misconception about IUD. " id="pdf-obj-0-18" src="pdf-obj-0-18.jpg">
MECHANICAL CONTRACEPTIVES GYAN VIHAR SCHOOL OF PHARMACY Mahal, Jagatpura, Jaipur RAVINDER RANA, B.Pharmacy(iv) 24 Jan. 2010sex . It entirely lines the vagina and helps to prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) including HIV . Two types of female condom are available . 3. Diaphragm Vaginal diaphragm is a dome shaped device made up oaf soft rubber or latex and fitted with a spring in its rim. It act as an mechanical barrier because it does not allow the sperm to enter into the uterus. The diaphragm is inserted into the vagina before intercourse where it covers the cervix completely, they vary in size Timing of insertion : By the end of menstruation or in the immediate postmenstrual period. Postpartum (4-6 weeks after delivery). Postabortive (2-3 weeks after abortion, or end of 1st menstruation). ADVANTAGES Easy to initiate and discontinue No systemic side effects No effects on future fertility, or present lactation Fairly reliable May prevent transmission of STDs DISADVANTAGES Difficult to use consistently and correctly May interrupt sexual activity and pleasure Some require partner's participation Less effective than other modem methods CONCLUSION It is necessary to inform women who use condom about emergency contraception for reducing of unwanted pregnancy during usage, and also it is suggested to introduce new different verity of IUD for reduction of menstrual complications and also providing appropriate counselling family planning program for reduction of misconception about IUD. " id="pdf-obj-0-20" src="pdf-obj-0-20.jpg">
MECHANICAL CONTRACEPTIVES GYAN VIHAR SCHOOL OF PHARMACY Mahal, Jagatpura, Jaipur RAVINDER RANA, B.Pharmacy(iv) 24 Jan. 2010sex . It entirely lines the vagina and helps to prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) including HIV . Two types of female condom are available . 3. Diaphragm Vaginal diaphragm is a dome shaped device made up oaf soft rubber or latex and fitted with a spring in its rim. It act as an mechanical barrier because it does not allow the sperm to enter into the uterus. The diaphragm is inserted into the vagina before intercourse where it covers the cervix completely, they vary in size Timing of insertion : By the end of menstruation or in the immediate postmenstrual period. Postpartum (4-6 weeks after delivery). Postabortive (2-3 weeks after abortion, or end of 1st menstruation). ADVANTAGES Easy to initiate and discontinue No systemic side effects No effects on future fertility, or present lactation Fairly reliable May prevent transmission of STDs DISADVANTAGES Difficult to use consistently and correctly May interrupt sexual activity and pleasure Some require partner's participation Less effective than other modem methods CONCLUSION It is necessary to inform women who use condom about emergency contraception for reducing of unwanted pregnancy during usage, and also it is suggested to introduce new different verity of IUD for reduction of menstrual complications and also providing appropriate counselling family planning program for reduction of misconception about IUD. " id="pdf-obj-0-22" src="pdf-obj-0-22.jpg">

t Types Of Mechanical Contraceptives

Male Latex Condom Female Latex Condom

Diaphragm Intrauterine Contraceptive Device

  • 1. Male Latex Condom

1.Latex condoms also performed better for the consumer:

4. Intrauterine Contraceptive Device

Composition:

Polyethylene material (plastic) + barium sulphate to render it radio opaque.

Additions include:

Copper

Capper+si;ver

progesterone

Two nylon threads are attached to its lower stem and protrude out of the cervix to be a marker for its presence and facilitates

its removal.

they were stronger and thinner than rubber condoms, and had a shelf life of five years (compared to three months for rubber

  • 2. Female Latex Condom

As effective as the male condom. The female condom is a thin sheath or pouch worn by a woman during sex. It entirely lines the vagina and helps to prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) including HIV.

Two types of female condom are available.

MECHANICAL CONTRACEPTIVES GYAN VIHAR SCHOOL OF PHARMACY Mahal, Jagatpura, Jaipur RAVINDER RANA, B.Pharmacy(iv) 24 Jan. 2010sex . It entirely lines the vagina and helps to prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) including HIV . Two types of female condom are available . 3. Diaphragm Vaginal diaphragm is a dome shaped device made up oaf soft rubber or latex and fitted with a spring in its rim. It act as an mechanical barrier because it does not allow the sperm to enter into the uterus. The diaphragm is inserted into the vagina before intercourse where it covers the cervix completely, they vary in size Timing of insertion : By the end of menstruation or in the immediate postmenstrual period. Postpartum (4-6 weeks after delivery). Postabortive (2-3 weeks after abortion, or end of 1st menstruation). ADVANTAGES Easy to initiate and discontinue No systemic side effects No effects on future fertility, or present lactation Fairly reliable May prevent transmission of STDs DISADVANTAGES Difficult to use consistently and correctly May interrupt sexual activity and pleasure Some require partner's participation Less effective than other modem methods CONCLUSION It is necessary to inform women who use condom about emergency contraception for reducing of unwanted pregnancy during usage, and also it is suggested to introduce new different verity of IUD for reduction of menstrual complications and also providing appropriate counselling family planning program for reduction of misconception about IUD. " id="pdf-obj-0-71" src="pdf-obj-0-71.jpg">
MECHANICAL CONTRACEPTIVES GYAN VIHAR SCHOOL OF PHARMACY Mahal, Jagatpura, Jaipur RAVINDER RANA, B.Pharmacy(iv) 24 Jan. 2010sex . It entirely lines the vagina and helps to prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) including HIV . Two types of female condom are available . 3. Diaphragm Vaginal diaphragm is a dome shaped device made up oaf soft rubber or latex and fitted with a spring in its rim. It act as an mechanical barrier because it does not allow the sperm to enter into the uterus. The diaphragm is inserted into the vagina before intercourse where it covers the cervix completely, they vary in size Timing of insertion : By the end of menstruation or in the immediate postmenstrual period. Postpartum (4-6 weeks after delivery). Postabortive (2-3 weeks after abortion, or end of 1st menstruation). ADVANTAGES Easy to initiate and discontinue No systemic side effects No effects on future fertility, or present lactation Fairly reliable May prevent transmission of STDs DISADVANTAGES Difficult to use consistently and correctly May interrupt sexual activity and pleasure Some require partner's participation Less effective than other modem methods CONCLUSION It is necessary to inform women who use condom about emergency contraception for reducing of unwanted pregnancy during usage, and also it is suggested to introduce new different verity of IUD for reduction of menstrual complications and also providing appropriate counselling family planning program for reduction of misconception about IUD. " id="pdf-obj-0-73" src="pdf-obj-0-73.jpg">
  • 3. Diaphragm

Vaginal diaphragm is a dome shaped device made up oaf soft rubber or latex and fitted with a spring in its rim. It act as an mechanical barrier because it does not allow the sperm to enter into the uterus. The diaphragm is inserted into the vagina before intercourse where it covers the cervix completely, they vary in size

MECHANICAL CONTRACEPTIVES GYAN VIHAR SCHOOL OF PHARMACY Mahal, Jagatpura, Jaipur RAVINDER RANA, B.Pharmacy(iv) 24 Jan. 2010sex . It entirely lines the vagina and helps to prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) including HIV . Two types of female condom are available . 3. Diaphragm Vaginal diaphragm is a dome shaped device made up oaf soft rubber or latex and fitted with a spring in its rim. It act as an mechanical barrier because it does not allow the sperm to enter into the uterus. The diaphragm is inserted into the vagina before intercourse where it covers the cervix completely, they vary in size Timing of insertion : By the end of menstruation or in the immediate postmenstrual period. Postpartum (4-6 weeks after delivery). Postabortive (2-3 weeks after abortion, or end of 1st menstruation). ADVANTAGES Easy to initiate and discontinue No systemic side effects No effects on future fertility, or present lactation Fairly reliable May prevent transmission of STDs DISADVANTAGES Difficult to use consistently and correctly May interrupt sexual activity and pleasure Some require partner's participation Less effective than other modem methods CONCLUSION It is necessary to inform women who use condom about emergency contraception for reducing of unwanted pregnancy during usage, and also it is suggested to introduce new different verity of IUD for reduction of menstrual complications and also providing appropriate counselling family planning program for reduction of misconception about IUD. " id="pdf-obj-0-79" src="pdf-obj-0-79.jpg">

Timing of insertion :

By the end of menstruation or in the immediate postmenstrual period. Postpartum (4-6 weeks after delivery). Postabortive (2-3 weeks after abortion, or end of 1st menstruation).

ADVANTAGES

Easy to initiate and discontinue No systemic side effects No effects on future fertility, or present lactation Fairly reliable May prevent transmission of STDs

DISADVANTAGES

Difficult to use consistently and correctly May interrupt sexual activity and pleasure Some require partner's participation Less effective than other modem methods

CONCLUSION

It is necessary to inform women who use condom about emergency contraception for reducing of unwanted pregnancy during usage, and also it is suggested to introduce new different verity of IUD for reduction of menstrual complications and also providing appropriate counselling family planning program for reduction of misconception about IUD.