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Aerodynamics

Linear Motion
(Moving Air )

Fundamentals
of
Physics

Basic Quantities

Space - Length

Matter - Mass

Time

Charge - Electro-magnetic

Derived Quantities
Combinations of Basics

Velocity =

Length
Time

Length
Force = Mass
Time 2

Dimensionality
Momentum =

Energy =

Mass Length
Time 2

Mass Length
Time

Density =

Mass
Length

Laws of Physics
Observations of the Relations
between Derived Quantities

Fundamentals
of
Aerodynamics
(Fluid Dynamics)

Derived Quantities
Used in Aerodynamics
Density =

Length
Force = Mass
Time 2

Mass
Length

Length
Velocity =
Time
Pressure =

Energy =

Force
Area

Momentum =
=

Mass
Length Time

Mass Length
Time 2

Mass Flow = Mass


Time

Mass Length
Time

Mass Length
Torque =
Time 2

Dimensionality

Temperature Basic or Derived ?

Density -> mass and volume


Pressure -> momentum (mass x velocity)
Temperature -> kinetic energy (mass x velocity

Conservation Laws
Observations of the Relations
between Derived Quantities

For any fluid system:


1) Mass is neither created nor destroyed.
Conservation of Mass - Continuity
2) Momentum is neither created nor destroyed.
Conservation of Momentum (3 directions)
3) Energy is neither created nor destroyed.
Conservation of Energy
mass
mass x velocity
mass x velocity

mass
mass x velocity
mass x velocity

Mass Flow Rate


r

Determine Pressure, Temperature


and Density

The Static Atmosphere


1976 Standard Day Model

Moving Through
the
Atmosphere
(Dynamics)

Forces on an Aircraft
Measured Forces Have The Same Value
Air Moves Past the Aircraft

Air

Aircraft

Equivalent
Aircraft Moves Through the Air

Aircraft
Air

Terminology
for this
Workshop