You are on page 1of 25

ANALYSIS OF PAKISTAN

INDUSTRIES

MARBLE AND GRANITE


INDUSTRY
SHAFQAT ALI
ALI TABISH
MOHAMMAD ZOHAIR
AGENDA
• INTRODUCTION
• HISTORY
• IMPORTANCE & USES
• WORLD SCENARIO
• PAKISTAN SCENARIO
• IMPORTS AND EXPORTS
• PROBLEMS
• GOVT. POLICIES AND STEPS
• FUTURE PROJECTIONS
• CONCLUSION
• RECOMMENDATIONS
INTRODUCTION
Marble is a crystalline, compact variety of
metamorphosed limestone, consisting
primarily of calcile (CaCO3), dolomite (CaMg
(CO3)6) or a combination of both minerals.

Granite is igneous rock of visible crystalline


and formation and texture. It is composed of
feldspar (Usually potash feldspar and
oligoclase) and quartz with a small amount of
mica (biotite and muss covite) and monor
accessory minerals.
HISTORY
• Marble and Granite has been mined and cut
for centuries.
• Mass production was introduced in the 20th
century.
• In 1960’s, mines development was initiated
in Europe.
• The stone industry
YEAR registered
MARBLE 000 GRANITEan
000 annual
TONS
growth rate of 13.3% since TONS
late 70’s.
1976 13600 3400
WORLD’S TOTAL
1986
PRODUCTION
13130
SINCE 1970’s
7385
1996 26450 17625
1997 27650 19350
2002 50 MILLION N.A
HISTORY (cont:)
• In Pakistan, this industry started to develop in the last
60’s without any quality consideration.
• At that time, most of processing equipment was locally
made at Gujranwala and Lahore.
• In mid 70’s, few plants were imported from Italy, but were
2nd generation plants and had no quality consideration.
• During late 70’s, few large projects and wealthy private
housing clients brought imported granite tiles and
introduced quality in Pakistan.
• In last decade, very few units were established in
accordance with international standards.
IMPORTANCE & USES
• It contributed in the GDP at a percent of
0.5% (2004-05).
• It’s demand increases with investment in
construction sector.
• It is used in buildings, masjids, and homes.
• It is also used in statues and monuments.
• It create large number of jobs.
• It’s forward and backward linkages also
provide jobs to many people, i.e. Non-Skilled;
Semi-Skilled & Skilled Labors.
World scenario

• Dimensional stone are produced in more


than 42 countries of the world while 12 of
these producers are dominant in the
international market i.e. European countries
and 3 from Asia and Africa.
• A major part of production is consumed
locally by the producing countries.
• Today, World’s total production is
approximately 65 million tons and
consumption is estimated $40 Billion per
year.
• Italy is the world leader in marble, granite
and other stone sector. It is leading with
17% of the total worlds production.
World scenario (Cont:)

• Almost 50% of the world’s marble output is


consumed in the Middle East , Far East and
European countries ; therefore, there is a
great demand for marble in these regions.
• The international marble & granite trade is
marked $3.5 billion or 1.987 million tons in
2002-03 (Pakistan’s share was only 0.047
million tons i.e.2%).
• India has been the main exporter of marble
granite for the five years. It capture 15.2%
of the world’s total export.
• Italy has been the largest importer of
marble and granite for the five years. It
accounted for 39.4% of the total imports.
WORLD’S MAJOR EXPORTERS &
IMPORTERS
MAJOR EXPORTERS
VALUE IN $ MILLION
COUNTRIES 2000 2001 2002 % Share 2002

INDIA 102.66 99.58 106.55 15.2

NORWAY 77.02 80.88 86.54 12.4


ITALY 59.21 60.98 63.42 9.1
CHINA MAJOR
54.04 IMPORTERS
52.42 51.37 7.3
VALUE IN $ MILLION
COUNTRIES 2000 2001 2002 % Share 2002

ITALY 350.46 344.48 323.59 39.4

CHINA 100.49 112.47 155.82 19.0

SPAIN 100.11 97.60 102.85 12.5


PAKISTAN SCENARIO
• Pakistan’s marble and granite sector is in
its nascent stage of development.
• The country is currently mining 40 types of
natural color marble and also dying the
marble in various colors.
• Marble, combined with granite is included
in the list of sixth largest minerals
extracted among coal, chromite, rock salt,
limestone, china clay, dolomite, fire clay,
gypsum, silica and etc.
• Since 1990 mining and quarrying has
consistently contributed 0.5% to the gross
domestic product.
• It is providing job opportunity to more than
40000 people.
PAKISTAN SCENARIO
• According to estimates, there are 160 million tons of
marble and more than 414 million tons of granite
reserves in the country.
• 158 million tons of marble reserves are found in NWFP.
• The process of extraction of marble and granite is very
out dated and obsolete. We still use explosives to blast
the blocks resulting not only in a high wastage (up to
73%), but also smaller stone size.
• There are 1600 units and 9 units for the processing of
marble and granite, respectively.
• There are only 25 to 30 units which have appropriate
machinery
• Majority of units operated manually, which causes high
rate of wastage.
PAKISTAN SCENARIO
• Pakistan get only 1% share in world
total production.
PRODUCTION TONS

1998-99 412000
1999-2000 521000
2000-01 542000
2001-02 685000
2002-03 1142000
2003-04 3.3 MILLION
2004-05 5 MILLION
REGIONAL
CONTRIBUTION
BALOCHISTAN:
It has nearly 60 operational mines. Total known
reserves of marble are around 2 million tons .i.e.
1.5% of total reserves. It has only 60 small size
units.

SINDH:
There are 15 operational mines. The estimated
reserves are 1.5 million tons of marble & 1
million tons of granite. It has one large, 180
medium & over 600 small units working.
REGIONAL CONTRIBUTION
(cont:)
PUNJAB:
It has no contribution to this sector,
but more than 250 medium and small units
are working.

N.W.F.P:
There are158 million tons of marble
reserves found in NWFP i.e.97% of total
reservers.
EXPORT
• Pakistani marble is being export to more
than 60 countries.
• The 40 per cent export of the marble was
in the shape of handicraft while, the rest
of 60 per cent in slabs and bricks form.
• The Exports amounted to approximately
$21 million in the fiscal year 2005-06,
showing an increase of 28% than 2004-
2005 ( approx. $16.4 million).
EXPORT
• Major countries include Bangladesh,
China, Hong Kong, Saudi Arabia, USA,
Italy, etc.
Value in
COUNTRIES 2001-02 000$
2000-01

Bangladesh 967 1000


China 501 415
Hong Kong 386 93
Italy 670 593
Saudi Arabia 196 235
USA 1712 2384
IMPORT
• Pakistan only import the machine for
the process of mining, polishing and
cutting etc.
1998 1999 2000 2001 Values
2002in
US $
Total 2638 2845 3326 3093 2944
% 100 100 100 100 100
Italian 438 452.4 6601 606.7 479.5
Share

% 16.6 15.9 19.8 19.6 16.3


PROBLEMS
1. Lack of proper machinery to produce quality
production.
2. Lack of awareness and facilitation in selecting
appropriate tools for different tools.
3. Untrained workers.
4. Non existence of quality control prices.
5. Poor raw material supply.
6. Lack of distribution channels including raw
material and finished goods warehousing.
7. Incapability in supplying consistent product.
8. Ineffective marketing strategy.
GOVT. POLICIES & STEPS
• The federal govt. is inviting the investors, both
local and foreign, to invest in marble & granite
sector.
• The Government also directed the Industrial
Development Bank of Pakistan (IDBP) to setup a
marble processing plant in Quetta for which the
provincial Government would provide land. The
SMEDA was also directed to provide guidance
and cooperation to the industrialists for
establishing marble & granite processing plants
in the province.
GOVT. POLICIES & STEPS
(cont)..
• The Prime Minister of Pakistan
announced that an international
standard Marble Training Institute would
be setup in industrial Unit phase 1 , to
promote skilled labor force which would
ultimately contribute to the growth of
this industry and promote its exports.
He urged the private sector to come
forward to exploit huge wealth of
untapped mineral.
GOVT. POLICIES & STEPS
(cont)..
• Last year in 2006 President of Pakistan
inaugurated the “marble city” at Gaddani and
assured the manufacturers that mining would be
undertaken latest technology to avoid wastages.
About 300 units would be setup for the marble
city on some 600 acres and investments from
the citizens of Pakistan from USA, JAPAN, SPAIN
and UAE. He also assured other measures to
help marble industry as they have failed to
utilize boom in marble industry.
FUTURE PROJECTIONS
• It is forecasted that the production
increases with a compounded annual
growth rate of about 8% per annum.

YEAR PRODUCTION
000TONS
2010 138750
2015 206240
2020 306500
2025 455000
FUTURE PROJECTIONS
• In Pakistan, this sector has a long-term potential, which
is ensured by large local reserves, and a growing global
market.
• The export estimate that the country’s export of marble,
which is presently $7 million, can be increased to $40
million within 3 years.
• The experts estimate that the country’s will be increase
from $7m to $40m within 3 years. Provided wastage is
reduced and reserves should be exploited and market
properly
Conclusion
• This sector needs to be organized on modern lines. The
induction of modern technology in this sector will
increase efficiency of processing units. Improving the
standard can only increase the demand of Pakistani
products in international market.
• This sector has great potential to contribute to the
national economic growth and for the generation of
employment mostly in the rural areas.
• This sector also needs be organized scientifically with
a consistent follow-up by the ministry of industries and
production to achieve the export target of $500
million.
• If the sector is scientifically treated, it can generate
more employment to 10000 to 50000 people.
RECOMMENDATIONS
• Government should make a policy.
• They provide licenses to the firms,
discovering marble reserves in previously
un explored area.
• Private sector should be motivated by
giving incentives, security, etc for making
investments.
• Technology should be upgraded.
• This sector needs better marketing
campaign.