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JOB STRESS

SYED TAUQEER ALI SHAH


ABDULLAHA MAQSOOD
M. SARWAR HUSSAIN
SYED ATTIQUE ALI SHAH


DEFINITION
A state of mental or emotional strain or
tension resulting from adverse or
demanding circumstances
something that causes strong feelings of
worry or anxiety
Work Place Stress
Workplace stress has a negative impact on the business
as well as on the individual employee.
The increase in job stress creates emotional, financial, and
safety concerns for employers and managers

The World Health Organization labeled stress a
worldwide epidemic. Today, workplace stress is
estimated to cost companies more than $300 billion a year
In poor performance, absenteeism and health costs.

Research findings from WHO
(World Health Organization)
40% of workers reported their job was very or
extremely stressful.
25% view their jobs as the number one stressor in
their lives.
Job stress is more strongly associated with health
complaints than financial or family problems.
25% have felt like screaming or shouting because of
job stress, 10% are concerned about an individual at
work they fear could become violent.
9% are aware of an assault or violent act in their
workplace and 18% had experienced some sort of
threat or verbal intimidation

Factors that Lead to Job Stress
Specific work factors
Excessive workload.
Tedious or meaningless tasks.
Long hours and low pay.
Infrequent rest breaks.
Unreasonable performance demands
Physical environment
Noise and overcrowding.
Poor air quality.
Ergonomic problems.
Health and safety risks (heavy equipment, toxic chemicals)
etc.
Factors that Lead to Job Stress
Organizational practices
Unclear responsibilities or expectations.
Conflicting job demands.
Multiple supervisors.
Lack of autonomy or participation in decision-making.
Inefficient communication patterns.
Lack of family-friendly policies
Career Development
Over Promotion.
Under Promotion
Lack of Job Security
Thwarted ambition.

Signs and Symptoms of stress
Intellectual Symptoms (How stress can affect the Mind)
Memory problems.
Difficulty making decisions.
Inability to concentrate.
Poor judgment.
Emotional Symptoms :( How stress can make us feel)
Moody and hypersensitive.
Restlessness and anxiety.
Depression.
Anger and resentment.
Signs and Symptoms of stress
Physical Symptoms: (How stress can affect the Body)
Headaches.
Digestive problems.
Muscle tension and pain.
Sleep disturbances.
Fatigue.
Chest pain, irregular heartbeat.
High blood pressure.
Weight gain or loss.
Asthma or shortness of breath.
Skin problems.

Signs and Symptoms of stress
Behavioral Symptoms: (How stress can affect the Behavior)
Eating disorder.
Sleeping too much or too little.
Isolating self from others.
Neglecting the responsibilities.
Increasing alcohol and drug use.
Nervous habits (e.g. nail biting, pacing).
Teeth grinding or jaw clenching.
Overdoing activities such as exercising or shopping.
Losing the temper.
Overreacting to unexpected problems.

EFFECTS OF STRESS
STRESS AND PERFORMANCE

MODERATE LEVELS OF STRESS
Stimulate the body and increase its ability to react .
Individuals then often perform their task better,
more intensely or more rapidly
TOO MUCH STRESS
Place un-attainable demands or constraints on a
persons which result in lower performance

EFFECTS OF STRESS
JOB SATISFACTION

Several studies indicates a decrease in job
satisfaction when stress level is increased

RELATIONSHIPS
Stress also effect the relationship between the
colleague and boss.


EFFECTS OF STRESS
FOCUS
Stress affects your ability to remember things you
already know and that person not able to focus
properly on their work
HEALTH
stress effect our health in addition to headaches,
sleep disorders, vision problems, weight loss/gain
and blood pressure.

Coping Strategies of Job Stress
Stress on the job creates high costs for
businesses and institutions, reducing
morale, productivity, and earnings.
Clearly, it is in every employers best
interestsfiscal and otherwiseto
reduce workplace stress as much as
possible.

Organizational approach
Organization level to Reduce Job Stress
1. Improve communication
2. Consult your employees
3. Offer rewards and incentives
4. Cultivate a friendly social climate

Organization can foster low levels of job
stress and high levels of productivity
Approaches to Reduce Stress
Change of life style habits to Manage
Stress better
1. Get enough sleep
2. Connect with others:
3. Exercise regularly
4. Eat a balanced, nutritious diet
5. Reduce caffeine and sugar
6. Do something for yourself everyday

Change of thinking and emotional
responses to handle stress better

1. Have realistic expectations
2. Reframe problems
3. Maintain your sense of humor
4. Express your feelings instead of bottling them up
5. Dont try to control events or other people

Meet the challenges of stressful situations
1. Manage time
2. Give priority to the most important tasks
and do those first
3. Schedule time for both work and
recreation
4. Delegate tasks and break up big projects


Stress Relief:


1. Breathing exercises relieve stress
2. Meditation to Relieve Stress
3. Yoga help with stress relief

Yoga, Meditation, and Other Relaxation
Techniques
How to Change the Organization to Prevent Job
Stress
1. Ensure that the workload is in line with workers'
capabilities and resources.
2. Design jobs to provide meaning, stimulation, and
opportunities for workers to use their skills.
3. Clearly define workers' roles and responsibilities.
4. Give workers opportunities to participate in
decisions and actions affecting their jobs.
5. Improve communications-reduce uncertainty about
career development and future employment
prospects
6. Establish work schedules that are compatible with
demands and responsibilities outside the job.

THANK
YOU