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MINIMUM DATA SET

PADA ASESMEN KUALITAS TANAH


Soil quality
The SSSA SQ definition
Soil quality is the capacity of a specific kind of soil
to function, within natural or managed ecosystem
boundaries, to sustain plant and animal
productivity,
maintain or enhance water and air quality,
and support human health and habitation
(Agronomy News, June 1995)
How to know the quality of soil ?????
Evaluating the soil properties or
Assessing the soil quality using any indicators of soil properties
MINIMUM DATA SET: INDIKATOR KUANTITATIF
PADA ASESMEN KUALITAS TANAH

Asesmen Kualitas Tanah Dilakukan Dengan


Mengevaluasi Berbagai Indikator:

Fisik, Kimia, Biologi, Proses atau Karakteristik Tanah. Dapat


Pula Dari Penampilan atau Morfologi Tanaman

Asesmen Kualitas Tanah: (1) Kualitatif dan (2) Kuantitatif


(1) Kualitatif: Asesmen yang dilakukan secara sederhana, dan tanpa alat ukur,
Serta sifatnya subjektif, sehingga hasilnya tidak dapat dibandingkan dengan
Hasil pengukuran orang atau wilayah lain;

(2) Kuantitatif: Pengukuran setiap indikator dilakukan secara akurat


menggunakan alat ukur dan standar nilai yang tepat, sehingga sifatnya
objektif dan dapat dibandingkan dengan hasil pengukuran lain
Management
Goals

Soil Function Soil Function Soil Function

Minimum Data Set


Indicator Indicator Indicator Indicator Indicator

score score score score score

Index Value Karlen et al. (2004)


Karena Banyaknya Sifat-Sifat Tanah Maka Sifat-Sifat Tersebut Tidak
Dapat Diukur Semuanya, Maka Suatu “Set” Sifat-Sifat Tanah Minimum yang
Dapat Diukur dan Berpengaruh Terhadap Kapasitas Tanah Untuk
Memainkan/Melakukan Peran dan Fungsinya Didalam Produksi Tanaman
atau Lingkungan ------- Minimum Data Set (MDS)

Minimum Data Set (MDS) --------


Biasanya Tidak Mencakup Semua Sifat-Sifat Tanah, Hanya Sifat-Sifat yang
Relevan Dengan Wilayah atau Sistem Pertanian (Farming Systems)
MDS ---- Kelompok Minimum Indikator yang Dibutuhkan untuk Memperoleh
Pemahaman yang Komprehensif Terhadap Kualitas Tanah yang Dievaluasi
Minimum Data Set ---- Merefleksikan Pertanyaan :

“Pengukuran / Indikator Apa yang Harus Dibuat atau Apa yang


Dapat Diamati Sehingga Akan Membantu Mengevaluasi Pengaruh
Pengelolaan Pada Fungsi Tanah
Saat Ini maupun Waktu Akan Datang”

Sehingga Indikator yang Dipilih:

- Dapat Diukur oleh Sebanyak Mungkin Pemakai, Tidak Hanya


Oleh Kalangan Terbatas
- Menggambarkan Proses Ekologis Utama Didalam Tanah
- Berkaitan Dengan Fungsi Ekosistem Utama
- Mengintegrasikan Sifat-Sifat Fisik, Kimia, dan Biologi Tanah
Example of a Minimum Data Set of Indicators for Soil Quality
Indicator Relationship to Soil Health
Soil organic matter (SOM) Soil fertility, structure, stability, nutrient

retention, soil erosion, and available water capacity


PHYSICAL
Soil structure Retention and transport of water and nutrients, habitat for
microbes, and soil erosion
Depth of soil and rooting Estimate of crop productivity potential,

compaction, and plow pan


Infiltration and bulk density Water movement, porosity, and workability
Water holding capacity Water storage and availability

CHEMICAL
pH Biological and nutrient availability
Electrical conductivity Plant growth, microbial activity, and salt tolerance
Extractable nitrogen (N),
phosphorus (P), and potassium (K)
BIOLOGICAL

Microbial biomass carbon (C) and N Microbial catalytic potential and

repository for C and N


Potentially mineralizable N Soil productivity and N supplying potential
Soil respiration Microbial activity measure

(Adapted from: Doran et al, 1996; Larson and Pierce, 1994; and Seybold et al, 1997)
Tugas Portofolio: Nilai 20%

Menyusun portofolio tentang konsep minimum data set dan


menyelesaikan Problem MDS pada berbagai jenis”farming systems”
ASESMEN KUALITAS
TANAH
ASESMEN KUALITAS
TANAH
ASESMEN KUALITAS TANAH
ASESMEN KUALITAS TANAH
MLRA 42, Southern Desertic Basins, Plains, Mountains
LRU: SD-2
Climate
8-10” ppt
mostly summer ppt
60o F; 5 below zero to 110
200-215 FFD
SD-2
Elevation and topography
3,800- 5200 feet
“gently sloping plains broken
by mountains”
Soils
Thermic
Ustic Aridic
Argids, Calcids, Cambids, Torrispamments

Potential natural vegetation


Grassland, mixed grassland-shrub.
Black grama, bush muhly, giant
dropseed, tobosa, soaptree yucca,
creosote, tarbush Black grama-Tobosa Tobosa-Burrograss
grassland grassland
2. Soil-landscape relationships are developed
and soils are mapped.
Soils
Soil Quality
Soil Quality
 Soil functions to :
 Sustain plant growth
 Sustain environmental quality
 Provide for plant, animal, and human health.

 The terms “Soil Quality” and “Soil Health”


describe the soil’s ability to perform the
above functions.
KONSEP KUNCI DALAM ASESMEN
KUALITAS TANAH

Asesemen Kualitas Tanah Dilakukan


Dengan Mengevaluasi Indikator Dari
Karakteristik Tanah
Assessment of Soil Quality
 Not one measurable parameter.
 Soil Quality Indicators:
 Physical properties
• Soil Texture
• Bulk Density – weight per unit volume
• Rooting/soil depth
• Water infiltration/conductivity
• Water Holding Capacity
• Structure/Aggregate Stability
Soil Quality Indicators
 Soil Chemical Properties
 pH
 Electrical Conductivity (EC)

Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC)
 Soil Organic Matter (SOM)
 Mineralizable N

Exchangeable Cations (nutrients)
Soil Quality Indicators
 Soil Biological Properties
 Organic Nitrogen
 Organic Carbon

Microbial Biomass
 Macroorganisms
Sembilan (9) Tahap Dalam
Asesmen Kualitas Tanah
1. Identify Problems and Opportunities
2. Determine Assessing Soil Quality Goals
3. Inventory Resources of Assessing Soil Quality
4. Analyze Resources Data
5. Formulate Alternatives
6. Evaluate Alternatives
7. Make Decisions
8. Implement the Plan
9. Evaluate the Plan – Follow Up
Identify Problems and
Opportunities

 Identify General Resources Problems,


Opportunities, and Concerns. Collect
on General Information Resources
Need (Soil Map, Plan t Management,
Technical Asst., Other Resources)
ASSIGMENT FOR 2008 CLASS:
Make a paper for this lecture at least 5 pgs, on three weeks after holyday.
Personal assigment.