You are on page 1of 54

Introduction to the

network

CCNA Exploration

www.supinfo.com
Copyright © SUPINFO. All rights reserved
Introduction to the network

Your trainer…

Title: SCT Cisco


Accomplishments: CCNA 3,
Training period at Iliane
Informatique.
Education: BTS Informatique de
gestion opt Administrateur de
réseaux

Contact:
Campus-Booster ID: 61208
Clément Burgevin clement.burgevin@supinfo.com
Introduction to the network

Course objectives
By completing this course, you will:
 Describe how networks impact
our daily lives.
 Describe the structure of a
network, including the devices
and media that are necessary
for successful communications.
Introduction to the network

Course topics
Course’s plan

 Introduction
 Network elements
 Types of network
 Network architecture
Introduction to the network

Introduction
Introduction

Preview
These are the chapters that we will approach :

 Network today
 Communication
 Converged networks
Introduction

Network today

 It is incredible how quickly the Internet became an integral


part of our daily routines.

 Examples of today’s popular communication Tools


 Instant Messaging
 Weblogs
 Wikis
 Podcasting
 …
Introduction

Network today

 Networks support the way we:


 Learn
 Work
 Play
 Podcast
 …
Introduction

Communication

 Rules to govern a communication.


 An identified sender and receiver
 Agreed upon method of communicating
 Common language and grammar
 …

 Communication rules may vary according to the context.


Introduction

Communication

 External factors :

 The pathway
 The number of times the message has to change form
 The number of other messages being transmitted
simultaneously on the communication network
Introduction

Communication

 Internal factors

 The size of the message


 The complexity of the message
 The importance of the message
Introduction

Converged network
 Multiple networks

Computer
Networks

Telephone
networks

Broadcast
Networks
Introduction

Converged network
 Converged networks

Converged
Network
Introduction

Part 1 Stop-and-think

Do you have any questions ?


Introduction to the network

Network elements
Network elements

Preview
These are the chapters that we will approach :

 Router
 Switch
 Hub
 Lan media
 Wan media
 AP
 Wireless media
Network elements

Router

 Routers forward packets from one


network to another network
 Router representation
Network elements

Switch

 Device that filters, forwards, and floods frames based on


the destination of each frame
 Switch representation
Network elements

Hub

 A Hub is a piece of equipment that acts as a multiport


repeater
 Hub representation
Network elements

LAN media

 Example
 RJ45

 LAN media representation


Network elements

WAN media

 Example
 Fiber

 WAN media representation


Network elements

AP

 An access point is a device that allows communication


devices to connect to a network wirelessly.
 Wireless Access Point representation
Network elements

Wireless media

 Examples
 IEEE 802.11 (WLAN)
 IEEE 802.15 (WPAN)
 IEEE 802.16 (WiMAX)
 Wireless media representation
Network elements

Part 2 Stop-and-think

Do you have any questions ?


Introduction to the network

Types of networks
Types of network

Preview
These are the chapters that we will approach :
 LAN
 WAN
 MAN
 SAN
 VPN
 Internet
Types of network

LAN network

Local
Area
Network
Types of network

LAN network

 Covers a limited geographical area


 Multiple access to the media
 Ensures a continuous connectivity to the local services
(Internet, mail, …)
 Connects adjacent units physically
 Example : classroom
Types of network

LAN network
Types of network

WAN network

Wide
Area
Network
Types of network

WAN network

 Cover a vast geographical area


 Access done by slower series interfaces
 Ensure a continuous or intermittent connectivity
 Connect units dispersed to a planetary scale
 Example : Internet
Types of network

WAN network
Types of network

MAN network

Metropolitan
Area
Network
Types of network

MAN network

 Connect several LANs in the same geographical area

 Networks in the course of emergence (Wireless)

 Is often downtown in the public zones


Types of network

MAN network
Public
access point
Types of network

SAN network

Storage
Area
Network
Types of network

SAN network

 Use a network different from the hosts


 Rate of transfer definitely higher between servers
 Duplication of the data between servers until a distance of
10 km
 Use various technologies doesn’t take account of the
system used
Types of network

SAN network
Types of network

VPN network

Virtual
Private
Network
Types of network

VPN network

 Connect a remote employee to the network of his


company

 Use existing public networks


 Example: Internet

 Encrypted connections
 Use the same policies of safety as the corporate
network
Types of network

VPN network
Types of network

Internet

 A network of networks

 The Internet is created by the interconnection of networks


belonging to Internet Service Providers (ISPs).

 These ISP networks connect to each other to provide


access for millions of users all over the world.
Types of network

Part 3 Stop-and-think

Do you have any questions ?


Introduction to the network

Network architecture
Network architecture

Preview
These are the chapters that we will approach :

 Fault tolerance
 Load balancing
 Scalability
 QoS
 Security
Network architecture

Fault tolerance
 Limit the impact of a hardware or software failure and
recover quickly when such a failure occurs.

Internet
Network architecture

Load balancing

 Spread work between two or more computers to get


optimal resource utilization, throughput, or response.

 The balancing service is usually provided by a dedicated


program or hardware device.
Network architecture

Scalability
 A scalable network can expand quickly to support new
users and applications without impacting the performance
of the service being delivered to existing users.
Internet
Network architecture

Quality of Service

 Provide different priority to different user or data flows

 Examples of priority decisions :


 Time-sensitive communication
 Non time-sensitive communication
 High importance to organization
 Undesirable communication
Network architecture

Security

 Security measures taken in a network should:

 Prevent unauthorized disclosure or theft of information


 Prevent unauthorized modification of information
 Prevent Denial of Service
Network architecture

Security

 Means to achieve these :


 Confidentiality
 Integrity
 Availability
Network architecture

Part 4 Stop-and-think

Do you have any questions ?


Congratulations
You have successfully completed
the SUPINFO course module n°1
Introduction to the network
Introduction to the network

The end