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CONTENTS
1. INTRODUCTION II. DERIVATION OF TPHBCS

III. ANALYSIS ON TPHBC WITH SYNCHRONOUS REGULATION

VI. CONCLUSION

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I.INTRODUCTION

Importance of renewable energy resources Conventional stand alone system consist of separate dc-dc converters leads to.
High cost Low efficiency

For better performance the renewable source, storage elements , and loads are integrated as a three port converter(TPC)

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The HBC is one of the basic topologies with isolation

and the primary switches are usually operated alternately or in complement while the input capacitors in an HBC can be regarded as voltage source.

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Fig. 1. Solutions of a stand-alone renewable power system: (a) with multiple separate converters and (b) with one TPC.

Fig. 2. Generation process of a TPHBC


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ADVANTAGES OF TPC
higher system efficiency Lower cost Faster response

Compact packaging
Single stage power conversion

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II. DERIVATION OF TPHBCS


A. Ideals for Generation of a TPHBC with power
flow analysis
Three power flows in a stand alone renewable power system

1) PV to load
2)PV to battery 3)Battery to load A magnetizing inductance Lm is connected in parallel with an ideal transformer. The power flow from PV to load is through half bridge topology. Battery is connected in parallel with any of the capacitors C1 or C2. Single stage power conversion can be achieved
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Power flow from Battery to load through a forward flyback

converter(FFC) For a TPC, the output port usually has to be tightly regulated to meet the load requirements The input port from a renewable source should be implemented maximum power tracking to harvest the energy. To achieve two independent ports controllable a)post regulation b)free wheeling route for magnetizing current is provided at the secondary of HBC. c)free wheeling route for magnetizing current provided at the primary of HBC.
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B. Family of TPHBCs 1) TPHBC With Post regulation:

Fig. 3. TPHBC with postregulation.

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The two primary switches S1 and S2 are driven in

complement. A post regulator MOSFET S3 is introduced in series with anyone of the two rectifiers.

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2) TPHBC With Synchronous Regulation


S1,S2 controlled independently.
An additional circuit branch for freewheeling of the

transformer magnetizing current has to be added in case that both S1 and S2 turn off. Used for high current and low voltage applications.

Fig 4: TPHBC With Synchronous Regulation

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Fig.5. Synchronous regulation in full bridge converter

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3) TPHBC With Primary Freewheeling:

Fig.6.TPHBC with primary freewheeling

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C. Analysis and Comparison Among the Three Types of TPHBCs


1) TPHBC With Post regulation: Both the primary switches in the TPHBC-PR can be operated with ZVS. It offers less power loss in the primary than the other two types of TPHBCs. 2) TPHBC With Synchronous Regulation: The TPHBC-SR has the minimum parts count. TPHBC-SR is suitable for applications featuring low voltage and high current output

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3) TPHBC With Primary Freewheeling:


TPHBC-PF suffers from conduction losses introduced by the

additional freewheeling path, composed of a diode and MOSFET,

in the primary side.


It is not good for the general application with high current and

low voltage through both the PV and battery ports.

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III. ANALYSIS ON TPHBC WITH SYNCHRONOUS REGULATION

Fig. 7. Topology of the TPHBC-SR

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A. OPERATION MODE ANALYSIS 1) Dual-output (DO) state

pin >po
The battery absorbs the surplus power & both load and battery. take

power from PV.

2) Dual input (DI) state


pin <po The battery discharges to feed the load along with the PV.

3) Single-input single-output (SISO) state


pin =0 The battery supplies the load power alone.

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Dual Output(DO) STATE

Fig. 8. Equivalent circuits of each operational modes in the DO state a) [t0, t1] b) [t1, t2] & c) [t2, t3].

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MODES OF OPERATION Mode I [t0 t1 ]:


Before t0 , S3 and S4 are ON and S1 and S2 are OFF while iLo and iLm freewheel through S3 and S4. At t0 ,S1 turns on and S4 turns off. A positive voltage is applied across the transformers primary winding.

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Mode II [t1 t2 ]: At t1 , when S1 and S3 turn off and S2 and S4 turn on, a negative voltage is applied across the transformers primary winding.

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Mode III [t2 t3 ]:


At t2 , S2 turns off and S3 turns on. The voltage across the primary winding is clamped at zero. Both S3 and S4 are ON to freewheel both iLm and iLo during this mode.

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Fig. 9. Key waveforms in the DO state.


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Fig. 10. Key waveform in the DI state.

Fig. 11. Key waveform in the SISO state

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APPLICATIONS
Hybrid electric vehicle
Fuel cell and battery systems Aerospace power system

PV system with battery back up


Hybrid energy storage system

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VI. CONCLUSION
TPHBC has an input port to interface a renewable source, a

bidirectional port to connect a battery, and an isolated

output port to load for a stand alone renewable power


system.
TPHBC group with post regulation features the ZVS of all

the switches and the group with synchronous regulation features the minimum number of devices the ZVS of most of the switches

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REFERENCE
[1] Hongfei Wu , Student Member IEEE, Runruo Chen, Junjun Zhang, Yan Xing, Member, Haibing Hu, Member, IEEE and Hongjuan Ge , A Family of Three-Port Half-Bridge Converters for a Stand-Alone Renewable Power System, IEEE Trans. on power electronics, vol. 26, NO. 9, Sept 2011. [2] S. Malo and R. Grino, Design, construction and control of a standalone energy-conditioning system for PEM-type fuel cells, IEEE Trans. Power Electron. , vol. 25, no. 10, pp. 24962506, Oct. 2010. [3] H. Tao, A. Kotsopulos, J. L. Duarte, and M. A. M. Hendrix, Family of multiport bidirectional dcdc converters, Inst. Elect. Eng. Proc. Elect. Power Appl. , vol. 153, no. 15, pp. 451458, May 2006. [4] G. Su and L. Tang, A reduced-part, triple-voltage dcdc converter for EV-HEV power management, IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 24, no. 10, pp. 24063410, Oct. 2009. [5] G.-J. Su and L. Tang, A multiphase, modular, bidirectional, triplevoltage dcdc converter for hybrid and fuel cell vehicle power systems, IEEE Trans. Power Electronics., vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 30353046, Nov.2008.

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THANK YOU

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