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State Transmission Utility (STU

)

Maharashtra State Electricity Transmission Co. Ltd.

REVIEW OF STATE GRID CODE
SGC Review Meeting : 24th DEC 2013

in the most efficient. Guidelines and Standards to be followed by various agencies and participants in the Intra-State Transmission System to plan. STATE GRID CODE  The State Grid Code was published as MERC (State Grid Code) Regulations. SLDC. develop.  The State Grid Code lays down the Rules. a part of Western Region Grid System. while facilitating a healthy competition in the generation and supply of electricity.  These Regulations came into force with effect from 1st April 2006. User of InSTS.  MERC (State Grid Code) Regulations 2006 shall apply to STU. . TL. maintain and operate InSTS. 2006. reliable and economic manner.

amendment. etc 3 . difficulties. control and reporting Modality of daily scheduling for dispatch and flow of information Specification. procedures for metering Compliance. dispute. STATE GRID CODE : PARTS A B C D E F G General Planning Code Connection Conditions Operating Code Scheduling & Dispatch Code Metering Code Miscellaneous Grid Coordination Committee Transmission System Planning data and procedures Requirement and procedures for connection with grid Grid operation. coordination. standards.

The users shall take it into account for planning and development of their own system. of which a few are mentioned below:• (a) a development on a user's system already connected to the transmission system. removal of operational constraints. maintenance of security standards and meeting general increase in generation/demand. • (c) the need to increase system capacity. PLANNING CODE REVIEW • System Planning specifies the technical and design criteria and procedures to be adopted by STU for the planning and development of the Transmission System. • Need for reinforcements and extensions to the state transmission system may arise due to various reasons. • (b) introduction of a new connection point/ interface point between a user's system and transmission system. .

STU will require information from Users and vice versa • Reason: For including the various conditions in the system for InSTS planning & time frame for planning & imposes time scale. • (e) reactive Compensation. • Since development of all User's systems must be planned well in advance to ensure consents and right of way to be obtained and detailed engineering design/construction work to be completed. • (g) cumulative effects of any combination of above. • (f) steady state and transient stability considerations. and Users. . PLANNING CODE REVIEW • (d) evacuation system for generating stations within or outside the state. for exchange of necessary information between STU.

 PLANNING CODE REVIEW • The GCC further formulate -Following Committees • Technical Committee to handle the technical matters arise during the operation of Grid • Commercial Committee to handle the Commercial matters arise during the operation of Grid • Protection Committee to handle the protection matters arise during the operation of Grid • (The bylaws of the committees will be according to the WRPC rules) .

 Planning Policy : Perspective Plan • STU would develop a perspective rolling transmission plan for next 10 years for the State Transmission System on the basis of the data submitted by generation company(s) and distribution companies for the State transmission system to evolve an efficient. • STU shall carry out annual planning process corresponding to a 5 year forward term for identification of major State Transmission System schemes which shall be dovetailed into National Electricity Plan on 5 years short term basis prepared by CEA. • STU shall carry out network studies and review fault levels for planning system strengthening and augmentation. to fully meet energy as well as peak demand for next five (5) years and create adequate reserve capacity margin. secure and economical State transmission system in order to satisfy the requirements of generation expansion and transmission system expansion. • Reason: To plan compatible expansion of the intra-state transmission system to meet the future demands . co-ordinated.

These forecasts would be annually reviewed and updated. (vii) STU would maintain a historical database based on operational data supplied by SLDC using the state-of-the-art tools such as Energy Management System (EMS) for demand forecasting. if any. (ii) Prepare a proposal for the requirement of generation for the State to meet the load demand as per the forecast. technical and environmental aspects of all available alternatives taking into account the existing contracted generation resources and effects of demand side management. and provides to the Commission details of the demand forecasts. data. Distribution Licensees.5 but not limited to MERC directives. based on the forecasts provided by Distribution Licensees. and Programme for installation of reactive compensation equipment by STU & Distribution Licensees. as per the Commission’s directives. (iii) Prepare a transmission plan for the State Transmission System compatible with the above load forecast and generation plan. (viii) STU shall prepare generation expansion and transmission system expansion to fully meet both energy and peak demand for the plan period and create adequate reserve capacity margin. (iv) The reactive power planning exercise to be carried out by STU in consultation with NRLDC/NRPC. REASON: For streamlining & refining the process of system planning in accordance with the provisions of the Planning Criterion as per IEGC Clause 3. Planning Policy : STEPS IN PLANNING • (i) Forecast the demand for power within the Area of Supply. (v) STU’s planning department shall simulate the contingency and system constraint conditions for the system for transmission system planning. This will include provision for VAr compensation needed in the State Transmission System. after examining the economic. methodology and assumptions on which the forecasts are based. • • • • • • • .

The peak load requirement at each connection point / interface point will be ensured by the STU. This will facilitate the transmission licensee to develop a compatible transmission system. The planning for strengthening the State Transmission System for evacuation of power from outside state stations shall be initiated by STU. • • • . data. Generation companies shall provide their generation capacity to STU for evacuating power from their power stations for each of the succeeding 5 years along with their proposals for transmission system augmentation and submit the same annually The STU shall forecast annual peak load for each connection point / interface point with the transmission system by considering the developing load of distribution licensee and long term open access requisitions by different generating stations. Planning Responsibility • Primary responsibility of load forecasting within Discom’s Area of Supply rests with respective Distribution Companies & shall determine peak load and energy forecasts of their areas for each category of loads for each of the succeeding 5 years details of the demand forecasts. It may determine the corrective measures to be taken to maintain the capacity adequacy in the transmission system up to the connection point / interface point. methodology and assumptions on which the forecasts are based along with their proposals for transmission system augmentation.

Discoms. then reactive compensation shall be provided in 132 kV systems with a view to meet the reactive power requirement of load close to the load points. Suitable Line Reactors (Switchable/ Fixed) shall be provided to enable charging of 400kV lines without exceeding voltage limits specified. . Programme for installation of reactive compensation equipment by STU & Discoms • (a) Shunt capacitors: Shunt capacitor shall be installed at 33 kV and 11 kV system preferably at load centres. The step changes shall not cause a voltage variation exceeding 5%. • Shunt reactors: Switch-able shunt reactors shall be provided at 400 kV substations for controlling voltages within the limits specified. • Dynamic Compensation based on FACTS technology for dynamic load variations in the system • REASON: For maintaining flat voltage profile & prevention of voltage sags & adequate reactive reserve in the system. REACTIVE POWER PLANNING Reactive power planning exercise to be carried out by STU in consultation with WRLDC/WREB. In case it is not possible at load centre.

REASON: . Transmission planning for renewable energy: • Connectivity (a) 50 MW capacity through 66 kV double circuit line of ACSR Dog conductor (b) 70 MW capacity through 66 kV double circuit line of ACSR Panther conductor (c) More than 70 MW capacity through 132kV/ 220kV/400kV (based on geographical location) double circuit line • Contingency (a) No contingency for less than 70MW capacity (b) N-1 contingency criteria is preferable for more than 70MW on 132kV/ 220kV/ 400kV voltage class.

Routing of transmission lines & silent technical particulars & requirements of transmission lines) • Transmission Line Loading limits (SIL & Thermal Loading Limits) • Reactive Power Compensation: . PLANNING CRITERIA • The Central Electricity Authority (CEA's) “Manual on Transmission Planning Criteria” shall be adopted with modification Particularly with reference to the following: • System Security Standards (Steady State & Transient Stability) • Options for strengthening of transmission network: • Substation planning criteria: • Transmission line planning criteria: (Transmission system.

The completion of these works. inter-connecting transformers.IMPLEMENTATION OF TRANSMISSION PLAN • The actual programme of implementation of transmission lines. . shall be ensured by STU through the concerned agency. in the required time frame. reactors/capacitors and transmission elements will be determined by STU in consultation with the concerned agencies.

Thank You .