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State Transmission Utility (STU)

Maharashtra State Electricity Transmission Co. Ltd.


SGC Review Meeting : 24th DEC 2013


The State Grid Code was published as MERC (State Grid Code) Regulations, 2006. These Regulations came into force with effect from 1st April 2006.

The State Grid Code lays down the Rules, Guidelines and Standards to
be followed by various agencies and participants in the Intra-State Transmission System to plan, develop, maintain and operate InSTS, a

part of Western Region Grid System, in the most efficient, reliable and
economic manner, while facilitating a healthy competition in the generation and supply of electricity.
MERC (State Grid Code) Regulations 2006 shall apply to STU, SLDC, TL, User of InSTS.


A B C D E F G General Planning Code Connection Conditions Operating Code Scheduling & Dispatch Code Metering Code Miscellaneous Grid Coordination Committee Transmission System Planning data and procedures Requirement and procedures for connection with grid Grid operation, coordination, control and reporting Modality of daily scheduling for dispatch and flow of information Specification, standards, procedures for metering Compliance, amendment, dispute, difficulties, etc

PLANNING CODE REVIEW System Planning specifies the technical and design criteria and procedures to be adopted by STU for the planning and development of the Transmission System. The users shall take it into account for planning and development of their own system. Need for reinforcements and extensions to the state transmission system may arise due to various reasons; of which a few are mentioned below: (a) a development on a user's system already connected to the transmission system; (b) introduction of a new connection point/ interface point between a user's system and transmission system; (c) the need to increase system capacity, removal of operational constraints, maintenance of security standards and meeting general increase in generation/demand;


(d) evacuation system for generating stations within or outside the state; (e) reactive Compensation; (f) steady state and transient stability considerations; (g) cumulative effects of any combination of above. Since development of all User's systems must be planned well in advance to ensure consents and right of way to be obtained and detailed engineering design/construction work to be completed, STU will require information from Users and vice versa Reason: For including the various conditions in the system for InSTS planning & time frame for planning & imposes time scale, for exchange of necessary information between STU, and Users.


The GCC further formulate -Following Committees Technical Committee to handle the technical matters arise during the operation of Grid Commercial Committee to handle the Commercial matters arise during the operation of Grid Protection Committee to handle the protection matters arise during the operation of Grid (The bylaws of the committees will be according to the WRPC rules)

Planning Policy : Perspective Plan

STU would develop a perspective rolling transmission plan for next 10 years for the State Transmission System on the basis of the data submitted by generation company(s) and distribution companies for the State transmission system to evolve an efficient, co-ordinated, secure and economical State transmission system in order to satisfy the requirements of generation expansion and transmission system expansion, to fully meet energy as well as peak demand for next five (5) years and create adequate reserve capacity margin. STU shall carry out annual planning process corresponding to a 5 year forward term for identification of major State Transmission System schemes which shall be dovetailed into National Electricity Plan on 5 years short term basis prepared by CEA. STU shall carry out network studies and review fault levels for planning system strengthening and augmentation.

Reason: To plan compatible expansion of the intra-state transmission system to meet the future demands

Planning Policy : STEPS IN PLANNING

(i) Forecast the demand for power within the Area of Supply, based on the forecasts provided by Distribution Licensees, and provides to the Commission details of the demand forecasts, data, methodology and assumptions on which the forecasts are based. These forecasts would be annually reviewed and updated; (ii) Prepare a proposal for the requirement of generation for the State to meet the load demand as per the forecast, after examining the economic, technical and environmental aspects of all available alternatives taking into account the existing contracted generation resources and effects of demand side management; (iii) Prepare a transmission plan for the State Transmission System compatible with the above load forecast and generation plan. This will include provision for VAr compensation needed in the State Transmission System; (iv) The reactive power planning exercise to be carried out by STU in consultation with NRLDC/NRPC, Distribution Licensees, as per the Commissions directives, if any, and Programme for installation of reactive compensation equipment by STU & Distribution Licensees; (v) STUs planning department shall simulate the contingency and system constraint conditions for the system for transmission system planning; (vii) STU would maintain a historical database based on operational data supplied by SLDC using the state-of-the-art tools such as Energy Management System (EMS) for demand forecasting; (viii) STU shall prepare generation expansion and transmission system expansion to fully meet both energy and peak demand for the plan period and create adequate reserve capacity margin; REASON: For streamlining & refining the process of system planning in accordance with the provisions of the Planning Criterion as per IEGC Clause 3.5 but not limited to MERC directives.

Planning Responsibility
Primary responsibility of load forecasting within Discoms Area of Supply rests with respective Distribution Companies & shall determine peak load and energy forecasts of their areas for each category of loads for each of the succeeding 5 years details of the demand forecasts, data, methodology and assumptions on which the forecasts are based along with their proposals for transmission system augmentation. Generation companies shall provide their generation capacity to STU for evacuating power from their power stations for each of the succeeding 5 years along with their proposals for transmission system augmentation and submit the same annually The STU shall forecast annual peak load for each connection point / interface point with the transmission system by considering the developing load of distribution licensee and long term open access requisitions by different generating stations. The peak load requirement at each connection point / interface point will be ensured by the STU. It may determine the corrective measures to be taken to maintain the capacity adequacy in the transmission system up to the connection point / interface point. This will facilitate the transmission licensee to develop a compatible transmission system. The planning for strengthening the State Transmission System for evacuation of power from outside state stations shall be initiated by STU.


Reactive power planning exercise to be carried out by STU in consultation with WRLDC/WREB, Discoms, Programme for installation of reactive compensation equipment by STU & Discoms (a) Shunt capacitors: Shunt capacitor shall be installed at 33 kV and 11 kV system preferably at load centres. In case it is not possible at load centre, then reactive compensation shall be provided in 132 kV systems with a view to meet the reactive power requirement of load close to the load points. Shunt reactors: Switch-able shunt reactors shall be provided at 400 kV substations for controlling voltages within the limits specified. The step changes shall not cause a voltage variation exceeding 5%. Suitable Line Reactors (Switchable/ Fixed) shall be provided to enable charging of 400kV lines without exceeding voltage limits specified. Dynamic Compensation based on FACTS technology for dynamic load variations in the system REASON: For maintaining flat voltage profile & prevention of voltage sags & adequate reactive reserve in the system.

Transmission planning for renewable energy: Connectivity (a) 50 MW capacity through 66 kV double circuit line of ACSR Dog conductor (b) 70 MW capacity through 66 kV double circuit line of ACSR Panther conductor (c) More than 70 MW capacity through 132kV/ 220kV/400kV (based on geographical location) double circuit line
Contingency (a) No contingency for less than 70MW capacity (b) N-1 contingency criteria is preferable for more than 70MW on 132kV/ 220kV/ 400kV voltage class. REASON:

The Central Electricity Authority (CEA's) Manual on Transmission Planning Criteria shall be adopted with modification Particularly with reference to the following: System Security Standards (Steady State & Transient Stability) Options for strengthening of transmission network: Substation planning criteria: Transmission line planning criteria: (Transmission system, Routing of transmission lines & silent technical particulars & requirements of transmission lines) Transmission Line Loading limits (SIL & Thermal Loading Limits) Reactive Power Compensation:


The actual programme of implementation of transmission lines, inter-connecting transformers, reactors/capacitors and transmission elements will be determined by STU in consultation with the concerned agencies. The completion of these works, in the required time frame, shall be ensured by STU through the concerned agency.

Thank You