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SUSTAINABLE ROADS

Presented by
Shakti Dubey M.tech. 2nd semester

A Presentation on

Sch.no.122111502

TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING SECTION

Department of Civil Engineering Maulana Azad Institute of Technology Bhopal- 462051

Content sheet
Key definitions Why sustainability is needed

Component of sustainable construction


Few construction related examples Greenroads rating system

Benefits of sustainable roads


Conclusion References

What is sustainability
Capacity to support natural laws and human values. Innovate to preserve. Sustainability is an approach to managing our earths resources and environment for the best interests of all those affected by what we do both now and in the future.

Principles of Sustainability

Basic Principles
minimizing the use of non-renewable resources minimizing impacts on the natural environment protecting biodiversity using renewable resources in a sustainable manner

Sustainable Development
Development that meets the need of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. (World Commission on Environment and Development, 1987)

Sustainable Roads
Effectively and efficiently planned, designed, built, operated, upgraded and preserved roads by mean of integrated policies respecting the environment and still providing the expected socio-economic services in terms of mobility and safety.

Sustainable Road
life cycle cost analysis natural cut slope longlasting pavement

Warm mix asphalt local material Scenic view

Recycled materails

Quality construction

Why sustainable construction?

Potential increasing pressures on the future of roads


Climate change Rising price of oil Increased community action Decreasing access to resources Population growth Increased road freight Maintenance costs Employment and skill shortages Water scarcity A price on carbon Rapid urbanisation and densification Increased frequency and intensity of extreme weather events

These Are The Facts!


Oil prices are approaching $110/barrel. None renewable resources are decreasing. A business as usual scenario would see a surge in the stock of greenhouse gases (GHG) in the atmosphere to double pre-industrial levels by 2035 Roads are one of the greatest contributors of GHG emission. According to EPA (environment protection agancy) transportation sector contributes about 20% in total green gas house emissions.

Better Roads Reduce Emissions


A Norwegian study released on 19 March 2007 has found conclusive evidence that road realignments and upgrades reduce car emissions The emissions of CO2 were found to be reduced by up to 38% local pollutants dropped by a staggering 75%.

Components of Green Design


Site Sustainability Geological formations Reduce heat-island effect (mainly from asphalt surfaces) Energy Renewable energy on road Efficient fixtures and lighting systems Water Porous pavements efficient landscaping. Living/Environment Quality Connect green spaces and wildlife corridors Safety and Ride quality Materials and Resources: Use recycled pavements in road construction Durability and life-cycle

A Few Construction Related Examples


The Port River Expressway (South Australia) Issue: 50 per cent of the site is covered with up to two metres of uncontrolled fill that consists of such as bricks, concrete and rubble. 94000 tonnes of munciple waste wass buried at the sit. Solution : that waste was proceeded and combined with better quality of recycled material for making base. Benefits: A cost saving of 50c per tonne for base and sub-base materials has been achieved by using recycled materials from ResourceCo. A lower price may have been achieved with increased competition.

A Few Construction Related Examples


Grey County, Ontario.
Issue Thousands of used car tires. Solution Build a facility to recycle the tires and offer the rubber for utilization in the production of asphalt pavements within Grey county.

A Few Construction Related Examples


Use of used tires Issue: California generates more than 40 million scrap tires every year. While nearly 75 percent of used tires are recycled Solution: 1. Rubberized Asphalt Concrete 2. Tire Derived Aggregates

A Few Construction Related Examples


The Province of British Columbia
Hot In Place recycling of asphalt pavements

Over 10 million square meters recycled to date. Maximizes the use of non renewable resources Reduces green house gas emissions as much as 7000 tonnes per production day over conventional mill and fill.

A Few Construction Related Examples


The Province of Nova Scotia
Cold In Place Recycled Asphalt Program
Over 30 projects completed to date Recycling of valuable asphalt cement and aggregates. Reduction in use of None Renewable Resources

A Few Construction Related Examples


Japan's Mitsubishi Materials Corporation has developed a paving stone called "Noxer" that uses the catalytic properties of TiO2 to remove nitrogen oxide (NOx) from the air, breaking it down into environmentally benign substances that are washed away by rainwater. (NOx is produced in abundance through vehicle emissions.)

The Greenroads Rating System


A sustainability performance metric for roadway design and construction Thirdparty certification process Applies to new and reconstructed road projects Recognizes and quantifies roadway sustainability Awards points for sustainable practices Began in 2007 at University of Washington

Rating Systems
Voluntary Credits:Pavement Technology (20) 19% Environment & Water (21) 19%

Materials & Resources (23) 21%

Access & Equity (30) 28%

Construction Activities (14) 13%

Source: www.greenroads.com

Why Rating Systems?


Define what roadway project features contribute to sustainability. Provide an accounting tool for sustainability benchmarking. Communicate sustainability efforts to key stakeholders. Help manage and improve roadway sustainability. Stimulate the market for sustainable practices and products

Overall goal: improve roadway sustainability

Benefits of Green Technologies


Reduce Demand on Quarries and Aggregates Reduce Demand on Hydrocarbon Fuel Oil/Gas Reduces Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduce Cost & Save our Economy Reduce environmental impacts Healthier communities and people

Conclusion
We can use warm mix asphalt in place of HMA without compromising in life span and performance of pavement. Recycled material can be used in construction with equal strength. We can improve our environment by using new strategies for sustainable construction By managing natural resources we can reduce depletion of resource and can presereve these for new generation. And we can also reduce the cost of construction and achieve economy

Recommendations
We have to be aware about our environment in no time. We have to preserve our non renewable resources for next generation. We should to invent some new technology for low energy consumption in road construction. We should design planning and costruct more and more sustainable roads.

References
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Muench,S.T. and Anderson,J.L. Greenroads:A sustainability performance metric for sign and construction. U.S. Department of Transportation Washington, December 2009. Gupta, A.K., Goyal, R., Singh,A., and Ogra, A. Greenroads: A Portrait of Sustainable Design and Construction for Indian Roads. IACSIT Press, Singapore, 2011. Basic Road Statistics (BRS) of India, Ministry of Road Transport & Highways, Transport Research Wing, New Delhi, 2010. Greenroads Manual v1.5 published at www.greenroads.us, 2011 Hamlyn, D., Goode, J., Passfield. G. and Firth, K. Case Study: Recycling Resources for Environmental Sustainability Port River Expressway Stage 1 Thompson, J. D., Bashford, H.H., and Larson, G. E. Sustainability Strategies for Highway Construction: A Case Study of ADOTs Piestewa SR51 HOV Widening Project Omaha, Nebraska, April, 2011.