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Transmit Diversity

Feature Activation W05 Trial


Optimization Service South Zone
Radio Department - Jan 2013

Introduction
In Radio propagation environment, transmit signals may be adversely affected by fading and Path loss. The increase of deviation of the signal strength transmitted by the BTS can lead to increase of reception errors by the MS and therefore losing the synchronization between the MS and the BTS. The GSM1800 band faces a path loss value grater than the GSM 900 Band especially for the indoor coverage. The feature of Transmit diversity adds a diversity gain of about 3 dB to 4.5 dB of downlink signal strength. The features requires Antenna configured with 2 TXs, In Tunisiana Network, it can be applied only in the GSM 1800 Band, due to 900 Band Antenna TX-1 is occupied by GSM 900 and TX-2 is occupied by UMTS 900.

Benefits
Improve the quality and level of the signals received by the MS Reduce the effect of multipath fading Reduce the impact of Rayleigh fading improves the signal strength in areas with weak coverage, such as at cell edges, indoors, or in cars

Drawbacks
Physical Resources Waste Increase the number of intra-cell handovers

Dependencies
The gain of Transmit Diversity is high in scenarios where multipath effects are evident. In scenarios where few obstacles exist (such as grassland and sea), Transmit Diversity may result in insignificant diversity gain. BCCHs, SDCCHs, PDCHs, and CBCHs cannot form a channel group. They can only be used as independent channels.

Working Principle
Primary BPC
Transmit Diversity Channel Group

2 BPCs must be in the same double-transceiver. 2 Copies of the Signal are sent from one channel through a divider and amplified with a time delay (phase-shift) between the 2 signal copies At the MS side, received signal will be the sum of 2 copies giving a gain of 3 dB plus 1.5 dB diversity gain, Total = 4.5 dB (max)

Secondary BPC

Transmit Diversity Feature Activation

Transmit Diversity Feature can be activated by the below parameter setting:


DYNPBTSUPPORTED DDIVERSITY : Determines cell to support Dynamic Transmit Diversity

DBT

: Determines cell to support Dynamic PBT

NOTSUPPORT : Feature inactive

Start
No No Yes No
Second BPC with same Num. Available?

Assignment ?

Yes

Channel Allocation And Handover


BPC
No
DLHDA decides low RX_LEV DL ?

Call Ongoing and DLHDA decides Low RX_LEV DL ?

Yes

No

Another TX Div. CHGRP available?

00

Yes Yes

: Basic Physical
Channel : Channel Group : Dynamic Transmit Diversity

CHGRP

Handover other call to another Free BPC

DTD
Optimal BPCs can form TX Div. CHGRP ?

Handover current call to the TX Div CHGRP

No

Yes

DLHDA

: Downlink-Limited Handover Decision Algorithm

No

The Second BPC occupied by another call, AND the First is idle ?

Yes

Assign the call Normally

No

The call on the Second BPC can be handed over?

Yes

Handover the other ongoing call to another channel and form TX Div. CHGRP

Block the Secondary Channel and Assign Call to TX Div. CHGRP

End

Free the TX Div. CHGRP and de-block the Secondary Channel

No

Call ongoing on TX Div. CHGRP AND DL RX_LEV is LOW?

Yes

Stats per BSC for 1800 Band Cells


BCS Mean Strength of Downlink Signals (dBm) Call Drops on TCH(Downlink Received Level) Rank
45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 BSCMED51 BSCMON51 BSCMAH51 BSCMED52 BSCSOS51 BSCBIZ51 BSCSOS52 BSCMON52 BSCNAB52 BSCNAB54 BSCNAB51 BSCNAB53 BSCTOZ51

BSCNAB52
BSCSOS51 BSCBIZ51 BSCMON51 BSCNAB54 BSCSOS52 BSCMAH51 BSCMED51 BSCMED52 BSCMON52 BSCNAB51

27.72
33.05 29.65 32.02 29.47 32.62 31.46 26.45 30.53 30.01 27.60

39
41 27 28 27 30 16 2 14 14 4

1
2 3 4 5 6 -

Mean Strength of Downlink Signals (dBm) Call Drops on TCH(Downlink Received Level)

Drops counted are for the reason DL Bad Received Level Measurement Period: Jan 1st - Jan 30th (Cell Level Busy Hour) NAB52, SOS51, & BIZ51 are most affected Transmit Diversity to be activated in NAB52 or SOS51

BSCNAB53
BSCTOZ51 Total

30.52
30.57 30.77

8
7 257

Selected Zone NAB (Top Worst 9 Cells)

Cell SidiAmara_DCS_1_NAB3031,CGI=6050304BF5EFD Kelibiatranssite_DCS_3_NAB3070,CGI=6050304E75EB9 Korba2_DCS_1_NAB3033,CGI=6050304BE5F11 Voie ferree 6_DCS_2_NAB3159,CGI=6050304DD63AE d9_DCS_1_NAB3081,CGI=6050304B46029 AIN_TBORNOUK_DCS_1_NAB3134,CGI=6050304BF6209 GOLF_OLIVIER_DCS_3_NAB3140,CGI=6050304C96369 HAMMAMET_DCS_1_NAB3135,CGI=6050304B5617D Sidi Youssef_DCS_3_NaB3117,CGI=6050304DD6279

AS325B:Mean Strength of Downlink Signals (dBm) 24.596 20.767 19.57 23.928 22.512 23.889 25.347 24.112 23.742

M3030C:Call Drops on TCH(Downlink Received Level) 2 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 1

Cells Selected based on:

Worst Mean Strength of Downlink Signals (dBm) Max Call Drops due to Downlink Received level Worst performing Uplink Highest frequency of occurrence in Worst Drop Cells. Selected Cell for Trial is Korba2_DCS_1_NAB3033

Current Performance of Trial Cell


Korba2_DCS_1_NAB3033 Daily TCH_TRAFFIC (Erl) TCH_TRAFFIC_FR (Erl) TCH_TRAFFIC_HR (Erl) SDCCH_TRAFFIC (Erl) TCH_Assign_Congestion_Rate SDCCH_CONGESTION_RATE SD Drop Rate Call drop Rate Assign Succ Rate Call Seup Success Rate HO Out Succ Rate Ho Qualit UL Rate Ho QualitDUL Rate HO Better Cell Rate UL TBF Success Rate DL TBF Success Rate UL TBF Drop Rate DL TBF Drop Rate 1/28/2013 10 9 1 3 0.00% 0.00% 0.27% 1.12% 98.98% 98.71% 99.44% 2.47% 1.13% 2.68% 98.69% 99.38% 0.83% 1.80% 1/29/2013 10 8 1 3 0.00% 0.00% 0.48% 1.32% 98.68% 98.21% 99.43% 3.10% 1.35% 2.39% 98.93% 99.14% 0.79% 2.16% 1/30/2013 10 8 1 3 0.00% 0.00% 0.23% 0.94% 98.88% 98.65% 99.58% 2.06% 1.40% 2.89% 98.74% 99.65% 0.66% 1.35% 1/31/2013 10 10 0 3 0.00% 0.00% 0.23% 0.91% 98.90% 98.67% 99.60% 1.94% 0.57% 3.15% 98.84% 99.67% 0.67% 1.42% 2/1/2013 12 11 1 4 0.00% 0.01% 0.19% 1.03% 98.99% 98.80% 99.47% 2.28% 1.41% 2.70% 98.63% 99.68% 0.67% 1.21% 2/2/2013 14 13 2 4 0.00% 0.00% 0.35% 1.06% 98.86% 98.51% 99.06% 3.57% 1.97% 2.36% 98.57% 99.47% 1.08% 1.37% 2/3/2013 14 12 2 4 0.00% 0.00% 0.60% 1.86% 98.54% 97.95% 99.62% 3.44% 1.42% 2.35% 98.87% 99.60% 1.03% 1.30% Mean 11 10 1 4 0.00% 0.00% 0.34% 1.18% 98.83% 98.50% 99.46% 2.69% 1.32% 2.65% 98.75% 99.51% 0.82% 1.52%

Trial Planning