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Mandip Bhuller

Fastest ROI: Linux


RAC clusters

Oracle Corporation
“I'm doing a (free) operating
system (just a hobby, won't be big
and professional like gnu) for
386(486) AT clones ….”

Linus Torvalds
Usenet posting, 1991
Enterprise Linux

“Today Linux has become the hottest


thing in corporate America since e-mail…
For some companies, the gains from
converting are so large that CIOs get
giddy talking about it.”

-Fortune, Oct 2002


Only Linux is Growing
Estimated Growth of Server OS Market 2002 - 2006
58%
60

40
Percentage Growth

20

0
-4%
-20 -18%
-25%
-40

-60
-48%
Linux Windows Unix Netware Other

Source: IDC 2002


Business Landscape

 Customers require more ROI than their existing


investments
 Must provide more scalable, available solutions and
yet REDUCE costs
 Support and maintenance costs for larger SMPs are
relatively expensive
 Pace of technology change is increasing
 Reaching max of current SMP machine requiring a
much large server frame and more $$$
 Too many servers, too expensive, hard to manage
Oracle Applications on
Linux: Faster and Cheaper

CPU’s/ CPU Speed Phys. Average 90% Resp. List Price


Computer Memory Resp. Time Time

Intel/Linux 2 2.4 GHz 6 GB 1.3 sec 2.2 sec $8,860

RISC 2 750 MHz 8 GB 1.7 sec 3.8 sec $53,330

Running Oracle Applications Standard Benchmark for 251 Concurrent Users


Now getting to about 5 times cheaper and three times faster for compute
Drive towards technology

 Need for a common infrastructure that allows organic


/ GRID computing
 Leverage resources for other projects
 Simpler to create server pools for all applications
 Need more scalable and available software to glue
common hardware together
 Cannot change existing applications
 Will not be locked into any particular technology
 Must reduce management costs and server costs
 Drive towards LINUX and RAC
 In only 3 years taken 13.7% of $50.9 B server market
Is Linux ready for companies?
 DiamlerChrysler uses it in car crash sims. 20% faster
40% cheaper than Unix
 Morgan Stanley replacing 4K servers running other
O/S and saving $100M over 5 years
 Over 700 eBusiness suite Linux customers
 Electronic arts found that a 2 proc Intel was
equivalent to a 4 proc SMP. 10:1 price diff
 Cnet got great performance and then sold it’s SMP
machines on ebay for more than the Intel ones cost to
buy!
 LINUX is new (10yrs) and volatile but RAC helps
Oracle’s Commitment to
Linux: Products

Every Oracle Product Runs on Linux Today


Oracle in the Linux Community

 Integrated Development and Support


– Oracle, Red Hat and United Linux development
teams integrated in a non-exclusive partnership
– Oracle contributes to Linux kernel code
 Quality Assurance
– Oracle QA now part of Red Hat and United Linux
development process
Open-source Contributions

 Established Linux kernel team making


contributions to open-source under GPL
– Oracle Cluster File System
 Worked with Red Hat, SuSE and the open
source community to drive features into Linux
– Improved I/O throughput
– Improved memory utilization
– Improved SMP scalability
– Graceful degradation under load
Oracle’s Commitment to
Linux: Customer Support
 Direct support of Linux worldwide
– Red Hat Enterprise Linux AS and ES
– UnitedLinux
 Single point of contact for support
 Single point of solution for support
 No additional Oracle support contract required
Oracle’s Commitment to
Linux: Security

Submitted for EAL2


Defining the path for EAL4
Linux: Oracle’s Choice

“We run our whole


business on Linux.”

Lawrence J. Ellison
Oracle Corporation, 2003
Internal Use of Linux at Oracle

 Key internal systems migrated to Linux


– Oracle.com
– Oracle Files Online
– Oracle demo systems
– Oracle outsourcing systems
– Oracle financial systems
– More planned
Linux + Oracle + RAC

 Linux could be considered younger than other


more mature operating systems
 Rapid rate of addition although it’s reaching a
level of maturity
 Better and better enterprise support from
vendors
 Scaling to 4 Procs 2.4 and > 8 with kernel 2.6
 Oracle RAC provides the mainframe stability
and scale out for apps beyond 4 procs
Key 9i RAC Messages

RAC delivers unprecedented performance and scalability

RAC is the premier high availability database

RAC runs all applications out-of-the-box and unmodified

Bottom line: RAC reduces IT costs. Use all nodes. Nothing


wasted
What is RAC?

 Start small, pay as you grow, unlimited headroom


 Works with ALL applications
 Simplified management to rapidly add servers and disk
 Use with Linux, HP, IBM, Sun, Windows NT
Oracle9i RAC on Linux Customers

 Merrill Lynch  Electronic Arts


 FAA  Texas Tech University
 Acuity Lighting  Ellis Island
(Formerly Lithonia)  Shell
 Dell IT  Embry Riddle
 Amazon.com  German Police
 AusRegistry  Sikla
 CERN  Many more…
RAC availability

Hot
Failover Transparent
Application
Failover
Warm Failover

Cold Failover

Restart
Oracle9i RAC is Scalability

Grow your DATA


Users
Grow your USERS
Grow PROCESSING
POWER
Oracle9i RAC is Scalability
Only cluster database that scales out-of-the-box

Grow your DATA


Users
Grow your USERS
Cache Fusion
Grow PROCESSING
POWER
Cache Fusion: h a r e d C a c he
S
Superior
Performance of a
SHARED CACHE
Why RAC?
• Benefits of added scalability and added availability
when you add extra nodes. Flexible.
• No need for ANY application changes to run RAC
• Data is shared amongst all the nodes in the cluster
– Any application on any node sees all the data
– When a node crashes no data is lost
• Workload is partitioned automatically across the
available nodes
• Add and remove nodes flexibility. Runs of all major
platforms. Grow with demand. Saves cost
RAC Today

 Over 200 production reference customers.


 Across all common hardware platforms.
 10i RAC version released
 Wide delivery of Consulting accelerator services
 Addition of cluster file systems
 Certification of common platforms and applications
 Single most scalable platform for enterprise solutions.
Scale on demand and manage effectively.
 Widely being used by gaming companies now.
Electronic Arts, Sony online entertainment and others.
Some RAC References
• Acxiom – World leader in multi-channel customer data integration
• Austrian railways - Austrian Railways is the state-owned
railroad of Austria
• British Telecom – World leader in communications
• Freemarkets – Connecting buyers of goods and services.
Moved into production in less than a week!
• Electronic Arts – Sims online. 20 clusters, 5 nodes, 300K
SQL/s
• Sony Entertainment – Large SMP clusters, scaling and HA
• SAS – Statistical Analysis Software
• SITA – State information technology agency
• UPS – Leader in transportation of goods. 16K tps
• Vector SCM – Track cars from plant to dealer
Offering a Full Spectrum of
Technology Services
Security

Migration Reliability

Transaction
Collaboration Processing

J2EE & Rapid


Business Intelligence/
Application
Data Warehousing
Development

Portal Web Services & Integration


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