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Indian Electricity Grid Code

Contents
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. General Role of various organisations and their linkages Planning code for Inter State Transmission Connection Code Operating Code Scheduling and Despatch Code Miscellaneous
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1. General

Introduction
IEGC Rules Guidelines Standards for

Utilities
To plan, develop, operate & maintain National/Regional Grid Power System

ISTS connected with / using

• Documentation of the principles which define relationship between various users •Facilitation of optimal operation •Facilitation power markets and ancillary services 4 • Facilitation renewable energy sources

5) RLDC Report Repeated Violation/ Persistent Non Compliance suo-motto CERC Action RPC Consensus Report issues not sorted 5 .Compliance Oversight (1.

5) Non Compliance by NLDC. SLDC. RLDC. RPC or any other person Report by any person through petition CERC Action 6 .Compliance Oversight (1.

SLDC & STU . Role of Various Organizations and their linkages NLDC.2. RLDC. RPC. CEA. CTU.

Role of NLDC (2.CERC Disse Supervision Coordinate Supervision & control RLDC Coordinate Inter Regional Links Accounting RPC for regional outage Plan 8 .2) NLDC • • • • • • • • Economy and Efficiency of National Grid Monitoring of operations and grid security of National Grid Restoration of synchronous operation of National Grid Trans-national exchange of power Feedback to CEA & CTU for national Grid Planning Dissemination of information Levy and collection of fee and charges .

Role of RLDC (2. control & contingency analysis • Generation scheduling/ re-scheduling • Restoration • Metering & data collection • Compiling & furnishing of operation data • Operation of Regional UI pool Account.3) RLDC Exclusive functions • Real time operation . Reactive energy account and Congestion charge account • Operation of ancillary services 9 .

Role of RLDC (2.3) RLDC Apex body for integrated operation Comply the directions Directions SLDC State Central For ST Open AccessNodal Agency • Licensee • Generating company • Generating station / Substations • any other concerned person Functions •optimum scheduling and despatch of electricity •Monitor grid operation •Keep accounts of electricity transmitted • Exercise Supervision and control over the ISTS • Real time operations 10 .

Reactive & Congestion charge account Decisions RLDC/SLDC/CTU/ 11 STU/ Users .Role of RPC (2. Weekly UI.4 ) RPC • Facilitate the stable and smooth operations of the system • Functions: – regional level operation analysis – facilitate inter-state/inter-regional transfer of power – facilitate planning of inter-state/intrastate transmission system – coordinate maintenance of generating units – coordinate maintenance of transmission system – protection studies – Planning for maintaining proper voltages – Consensus on issues related to economy and efficiency MS SRPC shall certify Availability of transmission system Prepare Regional Energy Account.

Role of CTU (2. State Govt.5) CTU • to undertake transmission of electricity through ISTS Planning shall operate RLDC • to ensure development of an efficient. RPC State1 CTU/to provide non-discriminatory Open Access – Will not engage in trading and generation – For LTOA & MTOA nodal agency Generating State2 Companies Licensees 12 CEA . coordinated and economical ISTS STU ISTS lines Central Govt.

6) CEA (Central Electricity Authority) • will formulate short-term and perspective plans for transmission system •specify technical standards for construction of electrical plants. operation and maintenance of electrical plants and electrical lines •specify grid standards for operation and maintenance of transmission lines •specify conditions for SEMs •Promote and assist timely completion of schemes •To collect and record electrical data. efficiency •To carry out investigation ( Electrical system) 13 • Shall Prepare National Electricity Plan (NEP) . electric lines and connectivity to the grid •specify safety requirements for construction.Role of CEA (2.cost.

sub-station Power System and any other concerned person Directions • Optimum scheduling and despatch State RLDC 14 . • exercise supervision and control generating station. Real-time operation generating company.Role of SLDC (2.6) SLDC – Apex body in a State Ensure compliance • Monitor grid operations Directions and • Keep accounts of electricity exercise transmitted supervision and • Activities of control Licensee.

coordinated and economical intra-state transmission system Intra-state transmission system CTU State Govt.8) STU • to undertake transmission of electricity through intra-state transmission system Planning shall operate SLDC • to ensure development of an efficient.Role of STU (2. Generating Companies Licensees 15 RPC STU/to provide non-discriminatory Open Access CEA .

8) STU • Energy transfer • Efficient • Economical • Planning • Coordination Provide non-discriminatory open access • CTU •State Government •Generartors •RPCs •CEA •Licencees shall operate SLDC Intra-state transmission system 16 .Role of STU (2.

Planning Code for Inter-state Transmission • Introduction • Objective • Scope • Planning Philosophy • Planning Criterion • Planning Data • Implementation of Transmission Plan .3.

Introduction Intra-State STU Inter-state CTU Intra-State STU Transmission schemes for planning and coordination Transmission schemes for planning and coordination CEA 18 .

• specify procedures •specify criteria •promote coordination 19 •information exchange .Scope of planning code (3.3) Connected to/using/developing ISTS CTU ISGS GC ISTS SEBs STU Licensees IPP Objective Generation/Transmission of energy to/from ISTS • specify principles.

Planning Philosophy (3.4) Long-term plan (10-15 years) Annual plan (5 year forward term) CTU CEA • inter/intra state transmission system • continuously updated to reflect load projections and generation scenarios • NEP • Avoid congestion • Identification of major inter state/regional lines including system strengthening schemes • Planning schemes shall also consider: CEA’s:  Long-term perspective plan  Electric Power Survey of India report  Transmission Planning Criteria and guidelines  RPC Feedback  NLDC/RLDC/SLDC feedback  CERC Regulations  Renewable capacity addition (MNRES) 20 .

..) • System strengthening schemes by CTU: – shall be done in consultation with CEA’s Standing Committee for Transmission System Planning: • Planning – On the basis of PPA – No PPA/ no consensus – CTU may approach CERC in accordance with CERC (Grant of Regulatory approval for Capital Investment to CTU for execution of ISTS) • Planning data: – submission by STUs/Users to CTU: 21 .Planning philosophy (contd.

.Planning philosophy (contd.) • Voltage management by: – – capacitors. reactors. SVC and FACTs similar exercise by STU • • • STU shall plan to evacuate power from ISTS ISTS & intra-state transmission systems are complementary & interdependent If LTA Applications require strengthening of intra-state transmission system – applicant shall coordinate with STU 22 ..

ISTS shall withstand and secure against the following outages: – a 132 KV D/C line. 765 KV S/C line – single Inter-Connecting Transformer (ICT ) – one pole of HVDC Bi-pole – Outage of 765 kV S/C line Without load shedding but could be with rescheduling of generation. – a 400 KV S/C line.5) Planning criterion ISTS’s security philosophyCEA guidelines a) Without load shedding or rescheduling of generation. a 220 KV /DC line. ISTS shall withstand and secure against the following outages: – a 400 KV D/C line – a 400 KV S/C line with TCSC – both pole of HVDC Bi-pole line – Outage of 765 KV S/C line with series compensation 23 .Planning Criterion (3.

Planning Criterion (3.5) b) ISTS shall withstand the loss of most severe single system infeed without loss of stability c) Any one of the events defined above should not cause: – loss of supply – prolonged operation of frequency below and above limits – unacceptable high or low voltage – system instability – unacceptable overloading of ISTS elements 24 .

RPC & Regional entities – for enhancing transfer capability or to take care of additional contingencies 25 .Planning Data & Implementation d)All S/S (132 kV & above) shall have at least two transformers e)CTU will carry out reactive power compensation requirement of ISTS & at ISGS’ switchyard f)SPS may be planned by NLDC/RLDC in consultation with CEA. CTU.

LTA and MTOA in ISTS and related matters) Regulations 2009 • Implementation of Transmission Plan (3.6) – As per CERC (Grant of Connectivity. ICTs.Planning Data & Implementation • Planning Data (3. reactors/capacitors and other transmission elements as per CERC (Grant of Connectivity. LTA and MTOA in ISTS and related matters) Regulations 2009 26 .7) – Actual program of implementation of transmission lines.

Connection Code OBJECTIVE Comply with CEA( Technical Standards for connectivity to the Grid) 2007 Minimum technical & design criteria SCOPE CTU • Ensure the safe operation. integrity and reliability of the grid •Non-discriminatory •New/modified connection not suffer or impose unacceptable effects •In advance knowledge about Connectivity STU ISTS Users connected to ISTS or seeking connection to ISTS .4.

LTA and MTOA in ISTS and related matters) Regulations 2009 – CTU shall process as per above regulations 28 .4) • User seeking new/modified connection: – Shall submit an application on standard format in accordance with CERC (Grant of Connectivity.Procedure for connection (4.

5 Connection Agreement –Connection agreement would be signed by the applicant in accordance with CERC (Grant of Connectivity.4. LTA and MTOA in ISTS and related matters) Regulations 2009 29 .

1 – by /STUs and Users in the low voltage systems close to the load points therby avoiding exchange of reactive power to/ from the ISTS – Already connected shall provide additional reactive compensation as per the quantum and time frame decided by the RPC in consultation with RLDC. – Installation and healthiness would be monitored by RPC 30 .6.Reactive Power Compensation 4.

6.2) – reliable and efficient speech and communication system to be provided – Users/STU/CTU shall provide systems to telemeter power system parameters • • • • Flow Voltage Status of switches Status of transformer taps – Associated communication system to facilitate data flow up to appropriate data collection point on CTU’s system as specified by CTU in the Connection Agreement 31 .Data and Communication Facilities (4.

3) – Data Acquisition System/Disturbance Recorder/Event Logging facilties/Fault Locator (including time synchronization equipment ) shall be provided and always kept in working condition Responsibility for safety (4.System Recording Instruments (4.4) – CEA (Technical Standards for connectivity to the Grid). operation and maintenance of electrical and electric lines) Regulations. Regulations 2007 – CERC (Grant of Connectivity.6.6. 2008 32 . LTA and MTOA in ISTS and related matters) Regulations 2009 – CEA (Safety Requirements for construction.

33 .7) – By CTU in consultation with CEA and MOP Schedule of assets of Regional Grid (4.International Connections to ISTS (4.8) – CTU and other transmission licensees shall submit by 30th Sep a schedule of transmission assets as on 31st March indicating ownership on which RLDC has operational control and responsibility.

Operating Code 34 .5.

Operating philosophy (5.1) • objective of the integrated operation: – enhance overall operational reliability and economy – Cooperate and adopt Good Utility Practice • NLDC: – overall operation of National/Inter-Regional Grid – develop/maintain detailed internal operating procedures for national grid • RLDC: – overall operation of Regional Grid – develop/maintain detailed internal operating procedures for regional grid 35 .

Sub Stations (132 kV & above) – control centres of all regional constituents 36 . Power Plant. SLDC. generating station and any other concerned person: – comply with directions of RLDC/SLDC e) round-the clock manning by qualified and trained personnel of: – control rooms of NLDC. RLDC. generating company.Operating philosophy (5.1) • SLDC: – develop/maintain detailed internal operating procedures for State grid • All licensee.

2) • Synchronism: – all Users. CTU & STU – operate their power systems/stations in an integrated manner • No deliberate isolation of part of the grid: – – – – except under emergency safety of human/equipment when instructed by RLDC restoration to be supervised by RLDC in coordination with NLDC/SLDC 37 .System Security Aspects (5.

finalise action plan for restoration 38 . reason.2) • Important elements list at RLDC: – not removed without RLDC’s consent or prior consent – when specifically instructed – list of important elements to be prepared and shall be put on website of NLDC/RLDC/SLDC – emergency removal intimated to RLDC – tripping.sub-optimal operation---monitored by RLDC------report to RPC-------. likely time of restoration intimated to RLDC say within 10 minutes – Important elements tripping to be informed to NLDC by RLDC – Prolonged outage -----.System Security Aspects (5.

2010 Gas Units.2(f)) • • • • Thermal generating > 200 MW and hydro units > 10 MW on RGMO wef 01.7 Hz ramp up could be at higher rate governors: 3% . 110% MCR (Hydro) After increase in generation. solar & nuclear exempted till CERC reviews When frequency stabilise at 50.0 Hz FGMO would be intoduced RGMO – – – – – – For Frequency < 50.6% droop any exception: reason & duration to RLDC 39 . Combined Cycle.08.2 Hz no reduction in generation when frequency rises Any fall in frequency generation should increase by 5% limited to 105% of MCR (thermal). wind.Restricted Governor Action (5. the unit mey ramp back to original level at a rate of 1% per minute At Frequency < 49.

System Security Aspects 5.(kV rms) Nominal 765 400 220 132 110 66 33 Maximum 800 420 245 145 121 72 36 Minimum 728 380 198 122 99 60 30 40 .2 (s) Voltage.

2011 – online estimation of demand for each 15 min block 41 .01.DEMAND ESTIMATION FOR OPERARTIONAL PURPOSES Daily /Weekly /Monthly Wind Energy Forecast Inform to RLDC/ RPC Demand Estimation – Active and reactive power on-line estimation for daily operationa l use ATC/ TTC historical data and weather forecast By 01.

Contingency Procedure to be regularly updated and monitored by SLDC/RLDC – SLDC through respective SEBs/Discoms shall formulate and implement state-of-the-art demand management schemesroatational load shedding/demand response (which may include lower tariff for interruptible load) etc.5 Hz: requisite load shedding – Each User/STU/SLDC shall formulate contingency procedures and make arrangements. SLDC to furnish periodic report to CERC.4) • SLDCs shall control demand in the event of: • insufficient generating capacity/inadequate external transfer • breakdown/congestion problems • Demand disconnection – frequency: • below 49. 42 .7 Hz: shall initiate action to restrict their net drawal • below 49.Demand Management(5.

Implementation as per CERC ( Measures to relieve congestion in real time operation). Regulations.4.Demand Management(5.2(e)(f)(g)(h)) • Interruptible load in four groups: • • • • Scheduled load shedding/power cuts Unscheduled load shedding UFR/df/dt loads SPS loads • RLDC may direct to decrease drawal in contingency---SLDCto send compliance report • SLDC may direct SEB/Discom/bulk consumer to curtail drawal and monitor • RLDC shall devise standard. message formats • Congestion – requisite load shedding or generation backing down . 2009 43 . instantaneous.

reasons for not meeting the requirements.5) • weekly report by NLDC (put on website): – Performance of national/integrated grid • weekly report by RLDC (put on website): – Frequency and voltage profiles – Major generation & transmission outages – Transmission constraints – Instances of persistent/significant non-compliance of IEGC – Instances of congestion – Instance of inordinate delay in restoration – Non-compliance of instructions of SLDCs by SEB/Discom • daily report by RLDC (put on website): – Performance of national/integrated grid – Wind power injection • quarterly report by RLDC : – system constraints. security standards & quality of service – actions taken by different persons – persons responsible for causing the constraints • RLDC shall provide information/report to RPC for smooth operation of ISTS 44 .Periodic Reports (5.

6) • Introduction a) requirements for the exchange of information in relation to Operations/Events on the total grid system which have had or will have an effect on: • National grid • the regional grid • the ISTS in the region • the system of a User/STU (the above generally relates to notifying of what is expected to happen or has happened and not the reasons why) b) Operational liaison function is a mandatory built-in hierarchical function of the NLDC/RLDC/SLDC/Users to facilitate quick transfer of information to operational staff 45 .Operational Liaison (5.

RLDC will inform the User/SLDC/CTU with details of what happened but not the reasons why • RLDC to NLDC if other region is going to be affected • immediately following an event. RLDC will inform User/SLDC/CTU whose system will be affected • immediately following an event. constituent shall inform RLDC with details • RLDC to NLDC if other region is going to be affected • immediately following an event. NLDC would keep all RLDCs informed • Prolonged Forced outages – monitored at RPC level. RPC shall send a monthly report to CERC 46 . the User/SLDC shall inform RLDC with details but not the reasons why • immediately following an event.Procedure for Operational Liaison • Procedure for Operational Liaison a) Operations and event on the regional grid • before carrying out any operation. NLDC would keep all RLDCs informed b) Operations and events on a User/STU system • before carrying out any operation that will affect regional grid.

Outage Planning (5. wind & solar power to be extracted to maximum 47 . ROR.7) Introduction a) procedures for preparation of outage schedules for the elements of the National/Regional in a coordinated and optimal manner and the balance of generation and demand b) generation output and transmission system should be adequate after taking outages into account to achieve security standards c) annual outage plan for the financial year shall be prepared by RPC Secretariat and reviewed during the quaterly and monthly basis.

Outage Planning Process proposed outage programmes by all concerned (30th Nov) draft outage programme by RPC Secretariat (31st Dec) final outage programme by (31st Jan) monthly review quarterly review Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar next financial year Review by RPC Secretariat: adjustments made wherever found to be necessary in coordination with all parties concerned 48 .

Outage Planning (5.system isolation . half yearly reports to CERC indicating deviations 49 .partial black out in a state .4) • In consultation with NLDC/RLDC • In Emergency – RLDCs may conduct studies before clearance • NLDC/RLDC are authorized to defer . CTU and STU shall obtain one final approval from RLDC • RPC shall submit quarterly.grid disturbance .7.any other critical event • Latest detailed outage plan – updated • Each user.

Recovery Procedures (5.8) develops consultations Concerned Constituents RPC secretariat RLDC Detailed plans/procedures for restoration of partial/total blackout regional grid reviewed/updated annually develop Detailed plans/procedures for restoration of partial/total blackout reviewed/updated annually 50 • Mock trials once every 6 months •DG sets to be tested on weekly basisquarterly report to be sent to RLDC .

.) • List of the following shall be available with NLDC/RLDC/SLDC: – – – – generating stations with black start facility inter-state/regional ties synchronising points essential loads to be restored on priority • During restoration following blackout.Recovery Procedures (contd.. RLDC authorized to operate the grid with reduced security standards for v & f • all communications channels for restoration shall be used for operational communications only till grid normalcy is restored 51 .

Event Information (5.9)
• Introduction
– reporting procedures in respect of events to all Users, STU,CTU RPC secretariat, NLDC/RLDC/ SLDC

• Responsibility
– RLDC/SLDC shall be responsible for reporting events to the Users/SLDC/ STU/CTU RPC secretariat/ NLDC /RLDC – Users/ STU/CTU /SLDC shall be responsible for collection and reporting all necessary data to NLDC/RLDC and RPC secretariat for monitoring, reporting, and event analysis
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Reportable events (5.9.5)
i ii iii iv v
vi vii viii ix

Violation of security Standards Grid indiscipline Non-Compliance of RLDC’s instruction System islanding/ system split Regional black out/partial system black out Protection failure Power system instability Tripping of any element Sudden load Reduction

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Reporting Procedure
NLDC RLDC written report of events • Form of written reports:
i) Time and date ii) Location iii) Plant or equipment directly involved iv) Description and cause of event v) Antecedent Condition vi) Duration of interruption vii) Recording System informations viii) Sequence of trippings with time ix) Remedial Measures
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weekly written report of events

Users/STU/ CTU/SLDC

6. Scheduling & Despatch Code
a) demarcation of responsibilities b) procedure for scheduling & despatch c) Reactive power and voltage control mechanism d) complementary commercial mechanism (Annexure-I)

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OBJECTIVE •Procedure for submission of Capability declaration •Procedure for submission of requistion/ drawal schedule by regional entities •Real time despatch/drawal instructions •Rescheduling • Commercial arrangement for UI/Reactive • Scheduling of wind/solar on 3 hourly basis •Appropriate Metering SCOPE Discoms Power Exchanges ISGS NLDC RLDC SEBs/STUs SLDC Other concerned Wind/Solar generators .

Demarcation of responsibilities (6.4) Role of RLDC Scheduling of CGS (Except where full share is allocated to host state) Schedul ing of GS connect ed to ISTS Scheduling of GS connected both to ISTS and state grid and home state is less then 50% RLD C Scheduling of UMPP 57 .

Demarcation of responsibilities (6.4.4.4) SLDC Permitting Open Access Scheduling drawal from ISGS Regulating net drawal SLDC 6.8 Demand Estimation in coordination with STU/Discoms Demand Regulation Scheduling and despatching 58 .

At F< 49.5 Hz .6/7) System of each regional entity shall be operated as notional control area Scheduled drawal + Bilaterals on day ahead basis Regional entity would regulate its own generation and load so that drawals are close to schedules Regional entity would Endeavour for UI=0 at F<49.4.7 Hz.Demarcation of responsibilities (6.automatic demand management scheme/manual demand disconnection 59 .

MTOA RLDC/SLDC 60 .Regional Entities Agreements RLDC RPC ISGS project1 ISGS project2 ISGS projet3 State1 State2 State3 State4 State5 Joint/bilateral agreements for –State’s share in ISGS projects –scheduled drawal pattern –tariffs –payment terms CTU Long Term.

4.2 .Declare DC Faithfully Penalty : Capacity Charges reduced 6.7 . backdown generation When F<49. maximize generation ISGS Deviation from Schedule UI Generate as per despatch schedule advised to them by RLDC Proper Operation and Maintenance 61 .9 Role of ISGS/ Generating Station Planned Outages OCC of RPC DC during Peak Hours > Other Hours When F>50.

Role of CTU Weekly Readings CTU Install SEMs Constituents where SEMs are located CEA (Installation and operation of Meters ) Regulations 62 .

Demarcation of responsibilities Role of RLDC Periodically review UI Report RLD C MS RPC 15 min drawal and injection Gaming by ISGS 105 % in one block of 15 minutes and 101% over a day no gaming 63 .

Role of RPC REA. UI. Var Accounting RPC Outage Planning 64 .

Scheduling of Inter-Regional Power Exchanges Role of NLDC HVDC Settings Trans-National Exhange of Power NLDC Scheduling on Inter Regional Links . Collective Transaction Scheduling Energy accounting on IR Linkswith RLDC 65 .

Scheduling & Despatch Procedure (6.5) • List of ISGSs and beneficiaries – all ISGS whose output is shared by more than state shall be listed on RLDC and SLDC websites – the station capacities and allocated/contracted shares of different beneficiaries shall also be listed out • State’ entitlement: – Thermal ISGS: (foreseen ex-power plant MW capability for the day) X (state’s share in the station’s capacity) – Hydro ISGS: (MWH generation capacity for the day) X (state’s share in the station’s capacity) 66 .

Preparing final schedule ISGS station-wise MW/MWH capability Despatch schedule revision final Despatch schedule Despatch schedule starts RLDC 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 AM noon PM station-wise W/MWH entitlement required Drawal schedule net Drawal schedule revision final Drawal schedule Drawal schedule starts SLDC 67 .

List of Interfaces. Control areas 3. Schedule individual transaction RLDC 5. Individual Transactions SLDC 7. Interchanges on Interfaces.Scheduling of Collective Transaction 6. Control areas 2.Schedule at respective periphery 68 . Check for Congestion . Consultation 6.5. reworked as per CERC directive NLDC 4.5 Power Exchanges 1.

Revision of schedules during the day • any State may revise: – drawal schedule from any/all ISGS within their entitlementsto be effective from 6h time block) • an ISGS may revise: – capability on account of forced outage. (to be effective from 4th time block) – Revision (to be effective from 6h time block) • RLDC can revise: – In the interest of better system operation (to be effective from 4th time block) – Shall formulate procedure for meeting contingency 69 .

RLDC may revise the schedules which will be effective from 4th time block and for 1-3 time blocks schedules would deemed to have been replaced by actual. • Similarly for entire period of grid disturbance. schedules will be replaced by actual • No revision – if change in previous schedule/capability is less than 2%. 70 .Other Contingencies • In the event of bottleneck in evacuation of power.

Other Contingencies • For every change in generation schedule there would be corresponding change in drawal schedule • Procedure for recording the communication regarding changes in schedules taking into account to be developed by CTU 71 .

Final schedule & Documentation • RLDC’s final implemented schedule: – shall be the datum for commercial accounting – shall be open for 5 days for verification/correction • RLDC shall properly document the following: – station-wise foreseen ex-power plant capabilities advised by the generating stations – the drawal schedules advised by beneficiaries – all schedules issued by RLDC – all revisions/updating of the schedules 72 .

6) • VAR Charges under Low Voltage • VAR Charges under High voltage EHV grid Q Voltage: < 97% Beneficiary1 Q EHV grid Q Voltage: > 103% Beneficiary1 Q Beneficiary2 Beneficiary2 VAR charges VAR charges Pool Account Pool Account 73 .Reactive Power & Voltage Control (6.

5 p/kvarh every year) • RLDC may direct Regional entity to curtail VAR drawal/injection for safety and security of grid or safety of equipment • Beneficiaries to minimise injection/drawal of VAR if voltage goes beyond + 5%. • ICT taps may changed as per regional entity request to RLDC • Tap changing (400/220 kV)and switching in/out of line reactors (400kV) shall be carried out as per RLDC instruction.VAR charges settlement • No VAR charges for its own lines emanating directly from ISGS • VAR charges at the nominal paise/KVArh rate as may be specified by CERC and will be between beneficiaries and POOL (Present rate is 10.0 p/kvarh with escalation of 0. 74 .

Annexure-1 (6.1 d) Complementary Commercial Mechanisms 75 .

Generation Cost Capacity charge + Energy charge beneficiary1 UI UI Settlement System UI ISGS Full reimbursement for generation as per the generation schedule UI beneficiary2 Capacity charge + Energy charge 76 .

Weekly bills & penalty (12. 13.04% per day to constituent for delayed payment beyond 12 days. 14) UI bills UI payment RLDC RPC VAR bills Constituents VAR payment UI Settlement System Pool Account monthly payment status payment defaults CERC • payment within 10 days from date of billing • simple interest @ 0. 77 .

Regional Energy Accounting 15-minute block SEM readings for a week Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun Mon Tue Weekly Wed UI and Thu VAR Fri Account Sat Sun Mon Tue Monthly (6th): ISTS Connections  Weekly raw SEM data  RLDC Constituents REA RLDC to tabulate UI account and REA in RPC’s CC meeting on a quarterrly basis for audit by the later. 78 .

Complementary Commercial Mechanism • Money left in VAR account shall be utilized for training of SLDC operators and other similar purposes .

Thank you! .