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MPPT Based Solar PV system for

3phase Grid Connected IGBT


Inverter System Using POWER-GUI
Environment

Presented By
SURYA PRASAD MISHRA

DEPARTMENT OF
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
OUTLINE PRESENTATION
INTRODUCTION
MOTIVATION
OBJECTIVE
BACKGROUND
MODELING OF PV ARRAY
MPPT ALGORITHIM
PHASE LOCKEDLOOP
PWM GENERATOR
GRID CONNECTED PV SYSTEM
SIMULATION RESULT
CONCLUSION
REFERENCE

INTRODUCTION
Due to the exponential growth of power demand now a
days distributed Power Generation Systems (DPGS)
based on renewable energies are not anymore
regarded as one of the engineering challenges today .
The major challenge in this area is synchronization of
the DPGS to the utility grid because of the stochastic
behavior of the input power from the non conventional
energy resources .
Our research mainly includes the source & grid side
controller i:e; MPPT controller & PLL technique which
help for grid synchronization for a hybrid energy
system .


MOTIVATION
Till now 400 million Indians have no access to
electricity and between 2009 and 2019 we are
forecasting an increase in Indian electricity generation
of 70.0%, which is among the highest for the Asia
Pacific region.
To meet such huge demand DGPS is one solution but
the grid synchronization of DGPS is a major technical
challenge, generally PLL technique with PWM-VSI is
used to interface the DG to the utility grid hence the
gridside inverter control strategy is a major issues for
ensuring grid stability in all adverse situation
OBJECTIVE
The over all objectives to be achieved in this study are:
PV Array Model design using MATLAB/SIMULINK
MPPT algorithm implemented using SIMULINK
Combine the above results to track the MPP of PV array
using buck converter.
Replace dc link voltage and connect solar pv system with
grid connected PWM inverter using PLL technique




BACKGROUND
Fig 1 . DISTRIBUTED GENERATION
MODELLING OF PV ARRAY
The single-diode model of the theoretical photovoltaic cell and equivalent
circuit of a practical photovoltaic device including the series and parallel
resistances.



s
R
I
V
p
R
pv
I
d
I
practical PV device
ideal PV cell
0,
exp 1
,
cell
c
I
d
qV
I I I
pv cell
akT
(
| |
=
(
|
\ .

FIG 2. Single diode model of pv array
MODELLING OF PV ARRAY CONTD..
{ }
( )
exp 1
q V IR
V IR
s
s
I I N I N
pv p s p
N akT
R
s c
sh
(
| |
+
+
( |
=
( |
\ . (

( )
,
0
,
exp 1
/
sc n I T
oc n V T
t
I K
I
V K aV
=
(
(

+ A
+ A
[ ( )]
,
I
n
G
I I K T T
pv pv n c n
G
= +

T
=Tc T
n

The equivalent circuit for the solar module arranged in N
P
parallel and N
S
series
is shown

N
s
R
s
N
p
I
V
N
s
R
p
N
p
N I
p ph
S
N
p
N
exp 1
IR N V
V
s p
q
IR
s N N
N
p S
s
I I N I N
ph p s p
akT R
c sh
( | |
| |

( |
+
` | +
( |
|

) \ . ( |
=
( |
( |
( |
\ . (

The terminal equation for the current and
voltage of the array becomes as follows:
fig 3.General Equivalent circuit
models of generalized PV Array
MPPT ALGORITHM
FIG 4. MPPT algorithm based on P & O technique
0 5 10 15 20 25
0
50
100
150
200
P-V CHARECTERSTICS OF SOLAR PV
VOLTAGE
P
O
W
E
R
PHASE LOCKED LOOP
Consequently,
a phase locked
loop can track an
input frequency,
or it can generate
a frequency that
is multiple of
input frequency.
Whenever reference signal are in phase i:e, error signal are zero then
we will sure that both PV source and load voltage are produced same
voltage and they are synchronized each other
PWM GENERATOR
CONTD..
The three-phase grid connected inverter shown in this
is composed of a dc voltage source (V
dc
), six switches,
and utility grid (Vgrid). In inverter-based DG, the
produced voltage from inverter must be higher than
the Vgrid. It is required to assure power flow to grid.
Since Vgrid is uncontrollable, the only way of
controlling the operation of the system is by
controlling the current that is following into the grid.

GRID CONNECTED PV SYSTEM
Phase sequence of SPV system with conventional grid should be matched . for
this 3- should be 120
0
phase apart from each other for both the system
Frequency of SPV system should same as grid. Generally grid is of 50Hz
frequency capacity
One of the vital point is voltage matching . voltage level of both the system
should be same, otherwise synchronizing not possible

SIMULATION RESULTS
0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1
0
500
1000
1500
TIME
P
O
W
E
R
OUTPUT POWER THRUOGH MPPT CONTROLER
0 1 2 3 4 5 6
x 10
-5
-50
-40
-30
-20
-10
0
10
20
TIME
OUTPUT OF PLL
Current & voltage generated from
PWM inverter
SIMULATION RESULTS CONTD..
0.8 0.82 0.84 0.86 0.88 0.9 0.92 0.94 0.96 0.98 1
-400
-200
0
200
400
TIME
V
O
L
T
A
G
E
LOAD VOLTAGE
0.7 0.75 0.8 0.85 0.9 0.95 1
-40
-20
0
20
40
LOAD CURRENT
TIME
C
U
R
R
E
N
T
Load Voltage & Current waveform
0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1
0
100
200
300
400
500
OUTPUT VOLTAGE SOLAR PV THROUGH MPPT CONTROLER
TIME
V
O
L
T
A
G
E
0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1
-100
-50
0
50
100
CURRENT THROUGH INVERTER
TIME
C
U
R
R
E
N
T
CONCLUSION
From the study we observe that in the PLL technique
reference signal are in phase, so that the error signal
are zero, so here we get conclusion that the both
source are in phase with each other i:e, both load
voltage and solar PV produced same voltage of 400V.
By using the MPPT controller we get the output power
of solar PV system is 1420W.
REFERENCES

1. honghai kuang,shengqing li,zhengqiu Wu,Discussion on advantages & disadvantages
of DG connected to grid.IEEE,pp.170-173,2011
2. R. Messenger and J. Ventre, Photovoltaic Systems Engineering, CRC Press, 2000, pp.41-51
3. Satyaranjan Jena Member, IEEE, and B.Chitti Babu, Member IEEE, Amiya Kumar Naik,
Gokulananda Mishra. Performance Improvement of Single-Phase GridConnected
PWM Inverter Using PI with Hysteresis Current Controller 978-1 4673-0136-7/11/$26.00
2011 IEEE
4. Roland E. Best, Phase-locked loops: Theory, Design and Application, McGraw-Hill,
New York, 2nd edition, 1993, pp. 93 . 104
5. Rahman, M.A.; Radwan, T.S.; Osheiba, A.M.; Lashine, A.E.; Analysis of Current
Controllers for Voltage-Source Inverter IEEE Trans. On Industrial Electronics, Volume:
44 , no. 4 , Pp. 477 485, ,1997
6. Heinz Willi van der Broeck and Hans-Christoph Skudelny, Analysis and Realization of a
Pulse With Modulator Based on Voltage Space Vectors, in IEEE Transactions on Industry
Applications, 1988, pp. 142 . 150
7. N. Goshima, T. Kaito, M. Kawasaki, H. Koizumi, K. Kurokawa. T. Mizuno, K. Nagasaka
and Y. Noda, A Novel Microcontroller for Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Systems, in IEEE
Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 2006, pp.1889 . 1897