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Linear Graphs

Objectives: by the end of the lesson, students should be able to:


generate coordinate pairs that satisfy a simple linear rule plot the graphs given explicitly in terms of x.

Success Criteria: students should be able to generate coordinate pairs from E.g.: y = 2x
Keywords: substitute, intercept, gradient, origin,
parallel
10/04/2013 Presented By J. Mills-Dadson 1

Starter Activity

10/04/2013

Presented By J. Mills-Dadson

Linear Graphs
Linear graphs are straight lines The rule connecting x and y coordinates is of the form y = mx + c m is the gradient : how flat or how steep the graph should be c is the intercept: where the graph crosses the y-axis The meeting points of the x - axis and y axis is called the origin
10/04/2013 Presented By J. Mills-Dadson 3

Linear Graphs
1) Let us start with simple rule, y=x
Lets plot the coordinates of the first two rules on one grid.
y
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 -3 -2 -1 0 -1 -2 -3

x y x y x y

0
0

1
1

2
2

3
3

Join the points to draw the graph

2) Now lets y = x + 2

0
2

1 2
3 4

3
5

Now lets y = 2x + 2

0
2

1 2
4 6

3
8
Presented By J. Mills-Dadson

10/04/2013

Linear Graphs
2) Now lets y = x + 2

x y x y

Lets plot the coordinates of the These two rules on one grid.
y
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 -3 -2 -1 0 -1 -2 -3 1 2 3 4 5

0
2

1 2
3 4

3
5

Now lets y = 2x + 2

0
2

1 2
4 6

3
8

Join the points to draw the graph


What can you say about the slope and
where the cross the y axis?
10/04/2013

Presented By J. Mills-Dadson

Plenary

1,000,000 900,000 800,000 700,000 600,000 500,000 400,000 300,000 200,000

What is the mathematical keyword used to describe the slope (flatness and steepness) of a linear graph?
A C C
10/04/2013

100,000

origin
gradient gradient
Presented By J. Mills-Dadson

B D

intercept x-axis
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Plenary

1,000,000 900,000 800,000 700,000 600,000 500,000 400,000 300,000 200,000 100,000

Linear graphs are :


A A C
10/04/2013

straight lines straight lines curves


Presented By J. Mills-Dadson

circles

D none of the above


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Plenary

1,000,000 900,000 800,000 700,000 600,000 500,000 400,000 300,000 200,000 100,000

Look at y = 3x + 1. What is the value of the gradient?


A C
10/04/2013

1
2
Presented By J. Mills-Dadson

B DD

4
3 3
8

Plenary

1,000,000 900,000 800,000 700,000 600,000 500,000 400,000 300,000 200,000

What is the mathematical keyword used to describe where a linear graph crosses the y-axis?
A C
10/04/2013

100,000

parallel
gradient
Presented By J. Mills-Dadson

B B

intercept intercept

x-axis
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Plenary

1,000,000 900,000 800,000 700,000 600,000 500,000 400,000 300,000 200,000 100,000

Which pair of linear graphs have the same gradient (slope)?


A C
10/04/2013

y = 2x + 1 &

y = 3x + 1

BB y y == 3x 3x ++2 2 & &y y= = 3x 3x +3 +3

y = x - 2 & y = 2x + 5
Presented By J. Mills-Dadson

D all of the above


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Plenary

1,000,000 900,000 800,000 700,000 600,000 500,000 400,000 300,000 200,000 100,000

Look at y =x + 1. When x is 3, what would y be?


AA C
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4 4 3
Presented By J. Mills-Dadson

B 2

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Plenary

1,000,000 900,000 800,000 700,000 600,000 500,000 400,000 300,000 200,000

What is the name of the point where the x-axis and the y axis meet?
AA C
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100,000

origin origin slope


Presented By J. Mills-Dadson

B D

intercept parallel
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Plenary

1,000,000 900,000 800,000 700,000 600,000 500,000 400,000 300,000 200,000

When linear graphs cross the y - axis at different points, we say the graphs have the different
A C
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100,000

origins
gradients
Presented By J. Mills-Dadson

BB D

intercepts intercepts lengths


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Plenary

1,000,000 900,000 800,000 700,000 600,000 500,000 400,000 300,000 200,000 100,000

Look at y = 2x + 2. If x is 7, what would y be?


A C
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2
14
Presented By J. Mills-Dadson

B DC

7
16 16
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Plenary

1,000,000 900,000 800,000 700,000 600,000 500,000 400,000 300,000 200,000

When a linear graph slopes downwards from left to right, it means the gradient is.
A C
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100,000

0
negative

B D
Presented By J. Mills-Dadson

positive none of the above


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Plenary

1,000,000 900,000 800,000 700,000 600,000 500,000 400,000 300,000 200,000 100,000

Look at y = -2x 2. If x is 10, what would y be?


A C
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-10
-18
Presented By J. Mills-Dadson

B DC

-2
-22 -22
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