You are on page 1of 13

Radiographic Test (RT)

SIRIM Berhad Leading in Quality and Technology Development

Welcome to Welding World

Basic Welding Inspection Program By SIRIM-AWS & IKBN

SIRIM Berhad Leading in Quality and Technology Development

Welding around us
From backyard to factory..

SIRIM Berhad Leading in Quality and Technology Development

From underwater construction to space exploration...

SIRIM Berhad Leading in Quality and Technology Development

What is welding all about


Welding is the joining of metals. 4 components of welding - metals - heat source - filler metal - shield Metal gets heated to its melting point, at the same time there is some sort of shielding from the air to protecting it, and then a filler metal is added to the area that needs to be joined ultimately producing a single piece of metal.

SIRIM Berhad Leading in Quality and Technology Development

Industrial Revolution and Welding


around 1750 AD a process known as forge welding was used

metals and the joint areas are heated. When the metal is hot enough you simply hammer them together until they fuse.

SIRIM Berhad Leading in Quality and Technology Development

In 1886 an inventor by the name of Elihu Thomson came up with resistance welding.

At that time, it is important for military construction. Nowadays, welding is a major need for most manufacturing industries.
SIRIM Berhad Leading in Quality and Technology Development

Most Common Welding Processes


4 most popular processes i. Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW)

Using rod/ electrode coated by powder which melts by heat to create a shield from oxygen

SIRIM Berhad Leading in Quality and Technology Development

ii. Metal Inert Gas (MIG) welding

- uses a wire spool to feed wire to the joint and has a bottle of gas that flows from the machine to the welding handle to protect the weld from the air around it.

SIRIM Berhad Leading in Quality and Technology Development

iii. Tungsten Inert Gas (TIG) welding a torch that has a gas flowing through it with a non consumable rod made of tungsten that heats the metal and the filler metal is held in the other hand and manually added when needed. The non-consumable rod is only a rod that creates the arc to heat the metal. It does not add to the welding filler material itself.

SIRIM Berhad Leading in Quality and Technology Development

iv. Flux Core Arc Welding (FCAW) the same machine as the MIG welder but the difference is it either uses just the wire with a flux in the center of it or a combination of the flux in the center of the wire and a shielded gas from a bottle.

SIRIM Berhad Leading in Quality and Technology Development

Welding as a Career Choice


Can be very dirty work Most welders go to work to the same place every day Working under pressure and heat BUT American Welding Society released a press release said that

SIRIM Berhad Leading in Quality and Technology Development

Welders can make more money than doctors. Welding is an "excellent job prospect," says the Occupational Outlook Handbook. Welders have more career choices. Engineering, computer programming, education, and science involve welding. Qualified welders are in demand by many U.S. industries. Welders are like athletesgreat hand-eye coordination, physical stamina, and they perform well under pressure. Welders work underwater, on land, in laboratories or even in outer space. Welders make a difference in the world. Almost everything we see and touch is a result of welding technology. Welding skills are in demand all over the world. Jobs in skilled trades are expected to increase 50 percent in the next ten years.

SIRIM Berhad Leading in Quality and Technology Development