You are on page 1of 15

Verbal Ability

Analogies

Analogies
The purpose of the Analogies section is to test your ability to recognize parallels, relations and similarities between words and ideas.

Analogies
Begin this section by first determining the relationship between the original pair of words.
There will always be a direct and necessary relationship between the words in the stem pair.

Analogies
Some common types of analogies you should memorize:
Part and whole: sole:shoe. Whole and part: hand:fingers. Class and member: fish:salmon. Type of: debate:argument. Degree: cool:frigid.

Analogies
Some common types of analogies you should memorize:
Opposites: tall:short. Worker and tool: photographer:camera. Worker and workplace: teacher:classroom. Cause and effect (result): poison:death. Effect and cause: death:poison.

Analogies
The purpose of the Analogies section is to test your ability to recognize parallels and similarities between words and ideas.
Some common types of analogies you should memorize:
Action and that which performs it: fly:plane. Purpose or object and action: scissors:cut. Indication of: boo:disapproval. Synonyms: canine:dog. Study of: linguistics:language.
6

Analogies
The purpose of the Analogies section is to test your ability to recognize parallels and similarities between words and ideas.
Some common types of analogies you should memorize:
Characteristic of: dexterity:pianist. Definition: hero:courage. Lack of definition: coward:courage.

Analogies
The purpose of the Analogies section is to test your ability to recognize parallels and similarities between words and ideas.
There are other types beyond those above, but you have many of them covered here, and recognizing the relationship is crucial to helping you answer the question correctly. Plug the answer choices into the bridge and maintain the same word order that you used with the stem pair.
8

Analogies
If you get stuck, eliminate all answer choices with weak bridges.
If two choices have the same bridgeeliminate them both.

Analogies
The purpose of the Analogies section is to test your ability to recognize parallels and similarities between words and ideas.
Avoid classic analogy traps.
The Both Are Trap: The words arent directly related to each other, but they are both related to a third word. The Same Subject Trap: The words are in the same subject area as the stem words, but they dont share the same bridge.

10

Analogies
The purpose of the Analogies section is to test your ability to recognize parallels and similarities between words and ideas.
Avoid classic analogy traps.
The Clich Trap: The words sound natural together but dont actually have a clear and logical relationship. The Reverse Direction Trap: The bridge is strong but wrong and would be right if the order of the words was reversed.

11

Analogies
The purpose of the Analogies section is to test your ability to recognize parallels and similarities between words and ideas.
If you cannot build a good bridge for the words in the stem pair, eliminate all choices with weak bridges and then guess intelligently. The best way to prepare for Analogies is to practice, practice, practice.
Create your own types of analogies to help you think analogously.
12

Analogies
The best way to prepare for Analogies is to practice, practice, practice.
Analogies should be reasonable and inevitable or valid and necessary. Eliminate answer choices that seem to violate the rule above.

13

Analogies
Make up a sentence that reveals the connection between the two words. Example: For APPLAUSE:APPROVAL your sentence might be: Applause is an indication of approval. Make sure your sentence is as precise and specific as possible. Imprecise: A MINISTER gives a SERMON. Precise: One of the functions of a MINISTER is to teach through a SERMON.

14

Analogies
The best way to prepare for Analogies is to practice, practice, practice.
Make sure you identify the parts of speech of the paired words because the correct answer will have parts of speech that match. Most analogies involve nouns and adjectives. Always be alert for words with multiple meanings. Example: A school may mean group. The answer must be in the same order as the capitalized words. Example: COLLAGE:ARTIST and NOVEL:AUTHOR not COMPOSER:SONATA.
15